In this episode we take a look at a basic but important paediatric chest radiograph case with a practical discussion of management and follow-up. View the case in Radopaedia quiz mode here: http://goo.gl/u65js
A lecture on the recognition and physiology of both normal and abnormal heart sounds with numerous audio examples. Covered sounds include S1, S2, S3, S4, clicks, an opening snap and pericardial knock. The scientific evidence for the diagnostic utility of abnormal sounds is also discussed. For the most accurate reproduction of the heart sounds, I recommend listening with headphones instead of standard external computer speakers.
This is a very common cause of liver injury. It is caused by excessive alcohol intake. Typically there will be steatosis of the liver. In this pathological change, fat globules begin to accumulate in the cytoplasm of liver cells. this can be pretty harmless, and as a result, is not very specific for predicting if the liver will develop cirrhosis.