During our antibiotics teaching at medical school we were told that a recent survey of junior doctors had revealed that a significant proportion didn't realise that augmentin, tazocin, and carbopenems were penicillins and as such should not be given to those with known allergies. I devised a "mind-map" summarising the main antibiotics in use using information from the BNF and my own lecture notes. For me, seeing the information laid out in this manner, pinned above my desk as I work, helps me remember the major classes, their relationships with one another, and their major side-effects.
This is a teaching resource that aids the student in memorisation of the Cranial Nerves, their anatomical path and function.
Additionally, it stimulates a clinical approach to the functions of the Cranial Nerves, with some 'not to be missed' signs.
Another presentation covering the GI tract. All information is from NICE guidance & Clinical Knowledge Summaries & Oxford Handbooks.
Images either made by me or from Google. Feedback is appreciated and please check out my other presentations!
The secretion of glucagon by pancreatic α-cells plays a critical role in the regulation of glycaemia. This hormone counteracts
hypoglycaemia and opposes insulin actions by stimulating hepatic glucose synthesis and mobilization, thereby increasing blood
glucose concentrations. During the last decade, knowledge of α-cell physiology has greatly improved, especially concerning
molecular and cellular mechanisms. In this review, we have addressed recent findings on α-cell physiology and the regulation
of ion channels, electrical activity, calcium signals and glucagon release. Our focus in this review has been the multiple
control levels that modulate glucagon secretion from glucose and nutrients to paracrine and neural inputs. Additionally, we
have described the glucagon actions on glycaemia and energy metabolism, and discussed their involvement in the pathophysiology
of diabetes. Finally, some of the present approaches for diabetes therapy related to α-cell function are also discussed in
this review. A better understanding of the α-cell physiology is necessary for an integral comprehension of the regulation
of glucose homeostasis and the development of diabetes.