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A board by Kimberley Kay Taylor


Revision resources
14 items · Last updated Monday 21st March 2016

Cranial Nerves Examination - Normal

Orientation, Memor Asking questions about month, date, day of week and place tests orientation, which involves not only memory but also attention and language. Three-word recall tests recent memory for which the temporal lobe is important. Remote memory tasks such as naming Presidents, tests not only the temporal lobes but also heteromodal association cortices. Attention-working memory Digit span, spelling backwards and naming months of the year backward test attention and working memory which are frontal lobe functions Judgement-abstract reasoning These frontal lobe functions can be tested by using problem solving, verbal similarities and proverbs Set generation This is a test of verbal fluency and the ability to generate a set of items which are frontal lobe functions. Most individuals can give 10 or more words in a minute. Receptive language Asking the patient to follow commands demonstrates that they understand the meaning of what they have heard or read. It is important to test reception of both spoken and written language. Expressive language In assessing expressive language it is important to note fluency and correctness of content and grammar. This can be accomplished by tasks that require spontaneous speech and writing, naming objects, repetition of sentences, and reading comprehension. Praxis The patient is asked to perform skilled motor tasks without any nonverbal prompting. Skills tested for should involve the face then the limbs. In order to test for praxis the patient must have normal comprehension and intact voluntary movement. Apraxia is typically seen in lesions of the dominant inferior parietal lobe. Gnosis Gnosis is the ability to recognize objects perceived by the senses especially somatosensory sensation. Having the patient (with their eyes closed) identify objects placed in their hand (stereognosis) and numbers written on their hand (graphesthesia) tests parietal lobe sensory perception. Dominant parietal lobe function Tests for dominant inferior parietal lobe function includes right-left orientation, naming fingers, and calculations. Non-dominant parietal lobe function The non-dominant parietal lobe is important for visual spatial sensory tasks such as attending to the contralateral side of the body and space as well as constructional tasks such as drawing a face, clock or geometric figures. Visual recognition Recognition of colors and faces tests visual association cortex (inferior occiptotemporal area). Achromatopsia (inability to distinguish colors), visual agnosia (inability to name or point to a color) and prosopagnosia (inability to identify a familiar faces) result from lesions in this area.  
Neurologic Exam
over 9 years ago
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Cranial Nerves - Anatomy, Clinical Signs and Study Tips

This is a teaching resource that aids the student in memorisation of the Cranial Nerves, their anatomical path and function. Additionally, it stimulates a clinical approach to the functions of the Cranial Nerves, with some 'not to be missed' signs.  
Thomas Lemon
about 8 years ago
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Nervous system development (Visual mnemonic)

The process of neurulation drives development of the system we use to help understand and interact with the world around us. Sometimes this process might stray from its chosen path due to internal/external factors, leading to unusual pathologies. Understanding neurulation can help us work out how things go wrong.  
Sunjay Parmar
over 7 years ago

Hearing, Speech and Language Milestones - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago

Ear Anatomy & Physiology

Ms. Klemme discusses basic ear anatomy and an introduction to the hearing pathway.  
over 6 years ago

Erik Erikson | Psychosocial Stages | Simply Psychology

Erik Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through the psychosexual stages of development. Erikson was interested in how children socialise and how this affects their sense of self.
almost 6 years ago

The Cerebellum

The Neuroscience on the Web Series: CMSD 620 Neuroanatomy of Speech, Swallowing and Language CSU, Chico, Emeritus Professor, Patrick McCaffrey, Ph.D.
over 5 years ago

Developmental Milestones: Baby Talk from First Sounds to First Words - When do babies start talking? In this video, you will see and hear developmental milestones in speech during a child’s first yea...
over 5 years ago

Identifying and managing common childhood language and speech impairments

Language, speech, and stuttering impairments are common in childhood and often have debilitating long term social, educational, and health consequences
over 5 years ago

Identification of Childhood Speech Disorders Using Facial Motion Capture |

Facial motion capture is a technology used in computer animation to simulate the facial expressions of real people when creating animated characters for vi
about 5 years ago

Psychiatry Lecture: Descriptive Psychopathology

A presentation on Descriptive Psychopathology (Phenomenology) that systematically goes through the following aspects: 1. Introduction 2. Disorders of Speech ...
almost 5 years ago

Cerebellum Anatomy and Physiology

Clinical anatomy and physiology or cerebellum
almost 5 years ago

Organization of the Nervous System

Learn about the central and peripheral systems, as well as the autonomic and somatic systems, with Professor Nilson of the University of British Columbia.
over 4 years ago