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Parents Really Need Time Off When Their Kids Become Teens

It is when our children hate us the most that they also need us the most  
time.com
about 5 years ago
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Study opens up new avenues for researchers to explore treatment for childhood-onset schizophrenia

Fundamental differences between how the brain forms during adolescence have been discovered in children with schizophrenia and their siblings, a new study shows. The study opens up new avenues for researchers to explore when developing treatment for the illness, which can be hugely debilitating for children.  
news-medical.net
about 5 years ago
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High Mobility and Low Use of Malaria Preventive Measures Among the Jarai Male Youth Along the Cambodia-Vietnam Border

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Oct;93(4):810-8. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0259. Epub 2015 Aug 17. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't  
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
about 5 years ago
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Analysis of Antidepressant Paxil Finds Data on Teen Risk Was Held Back

Drugmaker GlaxoSmithKline is criticized for delaying access to data about its antidepressant paroxetine (Seroxat, Paxil) that would have shown earlier that it is neither safe or effective in adolescents  
scientificamerican.com
about 5 years ago
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Poverty and the health of children and adolescents -- Reading 76 (5): 463 -- Archives of Disease in Childhood

The links between poverty and child health are extensive, strong, and pervasive. By this I mean that virtually all aspects of health are worse among children living in poverty than among children from affluent families; that the difference in health between poor and well off children poses a substantial public health problem; and that children’s health varies closely with even the most subtle of socioeconomic differences. Even in a disorder such as cystic fibrosis, with an equal incidence in different social groups, survival is strongly influenced by social factors.1  
adc.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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Improving outcomes in children and young people with cancer | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

NICE has developed guidance on the healthcare that should be provided to children and young people with cancer. NICE recognises that the needs of children and young people with cancer are different from those of older adults with cancer. For example, during childhood and adolescence, physical changes occur that may affect the type of cancer present, how it needs to be treated, and how well the treatment works. Children and young people also undergo psychological changes that may influence their emotional response during and after treatment.  
nice.org.uk
almost 5 years ago
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Substance misuse interventions for vulnerable under 25s | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

This guidance is for NHS practitioners and others involved in reducing substance misuse among vulnerable and disadvantaged children and young people under the age of 25. They may work in the NHS, local authorities or the education, voluntary, community, social care, youth and criminal justice sectors.  
nice.org.uk
almost 5 years ago
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Eating With Family, Better CV Risk Factors in Adolescents

Grade 9 students who eat dinner with a family member more often during the week are less likely to be obese and have lower cholesterol and blood-pressure levels, according to a new cross-sectional analysis.  
medscape.com
almost 5 years ago
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Negative symptoms and longitudinal grey matter tissue loss in adolescents at risk of psychosis: preliminary findings from a 6-year follow-up study

Negative symptoms are perhaps the most disabling feature of schizophrenia. Their pathogenesis remains poorly understood and it has been difficult to assess their development over time with imaging techniques.  
bjp.rcpsych.org
almost 5 years ago
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Johann Friedrich Herbart - Biographies of geniuses

Herbart was born at Oldenburg. He was the only child of  the state councilor. Growing up as a fragile child because of an unfortunate accident, connected with falling into a vessel of very hot water,  Herbart was taught by his mother at home until the age of 12. His mother a gifted and strong-willed woman ,  had a tremendous influence in his upbringing by transmitting her mental power  to her son.  From 1788 to 1794  Herbart was a pupil in the Gymnasium at Oldenburg. Then he attended the University of Jena (1794-1799), where studying under Fichte and met Friedrich von Schiller.  During his studying he was influenced by Leibniz, Kant, and Fichte.Herbart worked as a tutor to the governor's three sons at Interlaken in Switzerland, from 1797 to 1800, during which period he made the acquaintance of Pestalozzi. Becoming a licentiate of the University of Göttingen in 1802, he was appointed extraordinary professor there in 1805. In the same year he gave his first philosophical lectures. Herbart taught philosophy and pedagogy at Göttingen (1805-1809). There he began to seek a sound philosophical base upon which to rest his educational theories.At the close of 1808 he became Kant’s successor as professor at Königsberg and from 1809 to 1833 held the chair of philosophy at Königsberg. Later dissatisfied with the way things were progressing in Prussia, Herbart returned to Göttingen in 1833. Не remained there as professor of philosophy till his death. He died on Aug. 11, 1841 and was buried in Albanifriedhof Cemetery in Göttingen.Zest: Herbart was very much focused on his studies and in spite of this, in 1811 he married an eighteen year old Mary Jane Drake, daughter of an English merchant. They lived a happy life with Mary supporting all of her husband’s pursuits and contributions to the fields of pedagogy and psychology.He developed theory of education—known as Herbartianism. It had a profound influence on late 19th-century teaching practices, especially in the United States, where educators established the National Herbart Society in 1895.In Germany, Leipzig and Jena became centers for Herbartianism.Herbart's method of instruction has been identified by his students as involving the 'Five Formal Steps of the Recitation', which includes preparation, presentation, association, generalization, and application.Herbart gave psychology the beginning of a theory of inhibition, or interference in learning, which was to reappear in many guises and in theories in times to come extending from Pavlov's 'conditioned reflex' to Freud's 'repression.'Herbart long before Freud introduced the concept of 'unconscious'. He believed ideas crossed a limen of consciousness, or a boundary between the conscious and the unconscious.Сonsciousness consists  of three areas: clarity of mind, consciousness and unconsciousness. Moreover the terms transition ideas from the unconscious into consciousness are the power of the presentation and the number of links this view with the past experience (apperception).According to Herbart the soul has no innate natural talents or inborn powers. He said that the individuality of the youth  reveals itself more and more under the teacher's efforts. He called to make teaching a more interesting and attractive field said that the teacher must represent the future man in the boy. Herbart - German philosopher, psychologist, and educator. He is considered as  one of the outstanding philosophers, the pioneer of empirical psychology and  founder of pedagogy as an academic disciplinePhilosophy. He maintained that true being consists of a plurality of simple «reals», entities which were modeled after the Leibnizian monads. He held that change was nothing but changing relationships between independent real simple elements. Herbart replaces the term 'sensation' to the term 'presentation', thus emphasizing the internal world relatively isolated from the outside world. Presentations are not passive elements in the human soul, but have their own charge and  activity.He regarded mental life as the manifestation of elementary sensory units, idea  or “presentations”  (Vorstellungen). These he conceived as mental forces rather than as mere “ideas” in Locke’s sense. The study of their interactions gave rise to a statics and dynamics of the mind, to be expressed in mathematical formulas.Psychology. Herbart sought to develop the mathematical and empirical, as well as the metaphysical, aspects of psychology. However he denied the possibility of psychological experiment.His philosophy of mind generated a kind of associationist psychology.Herbart believed that the mind was the sum total of all ideas -“presentations”,  which entered into one's conscious life. By assimilation (or apperception) new ideas could enter the mind through association with similar ideas already present. He felt they grouped themselves into what he called 'apperceptive masses', which content is the individual human experience. He emphasized the importance of both the physical and the human environment in the development of the mind. On this basis Herbart developed a theory of education as a branch of applied psychology.Education. Herbart maintained that a science of education was possible, and he furthered the idea that education should be a subject for university study.He stressed the need for moral education through experience and brought the work of teaching into the area of conscious method. According to his theory of apperception, new ideas, when properly presented to the student, become linked to existing ideas and form a system of associated ideas called the apperceptive mass.Aesthetics. Herbart  stated that the beautiful is be carefully distinguished from the allied conceptions of the useful or the pleasant, which vary with time, place and person;  whereas beauty is predicated absolutely and involuntarily by all who have attained the right standpoint.Major works : Pestalozzis Idee eines A B C der Anschauung (1802), ABC's of Observation (1804), The Moral or Ethical Revelation of the World: The Chief Aim of Education (1804), General Pedagogics 1806), Chief Points of Logic (1806), Chief Points of Metaphysics (1806), General Practical Philosophy (1808),  System of Psychology (1814), Text-book of Psychology (1816), Psychology as a Science, (1824-5), Allgemeine Metaphysik (General Metaphysics, two-volume work ) (1828-29), Outline of Pedagogical Lectures (1835). The most complete, concise and accurate information about the life and achievements of geniuses, their creative style and the secret of their success. All information on the site is given both in English and Russian. Наиболее полная, сжатая и точная информация о жизни и достижениях гениев, об интересных фактах из их биографии, их творческом стиле и секретах успеха. Вся информация на сайте дана на русском и английском языках. The most complete, concise and accurate information about the life and achievements of geniuses, their creative style and the secret of their success. All information on the site is given both in English and Russian. Geniusrevive.com, Genius Гении, Знаменитости, Ученые, Деятели, Спортсмены, Служители духа, Деятели искусства, Genius, Votaries оf Spirit, Scientists, Art workers, Celebrities, Figures, Sports Personalities.  
geniusrevive.com
almost 5 years ago
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BPD Overview

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that causes unstable moods, behavior, and relationships. It usually begins during adolescence or early adulthood.  
borderlinepersonalitydisorder.com
almost 5 years ago
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Raymond Bernard Cattell - R. B. Cattell - Raymond Cattell

   Raymond Bernard Cattell was born in Hilltop, West Bromwich, England, a town near Birmingham on March 20, 1905. His father was a mechanical engineer and craftsman-designer who worked on such projects as developing World War I military equipment, the steam engine, and a new internal combustion engine. His mother was the daughter of a successful manufacturer in Birmingham. The family’s economic circumstances allowed them to choose to move to the south coast of Devon when Cattell was six years old. His boyhood on the beautiful coastal country of Devon imbued in him a lifelong love of the sea and sailing ships. Cattell describes a happy childhood and youth both at home and at school, which upon comparison with other behavior and personality theorists, is an unusual situation. His parents were exacting about the standards of performance that they expected from their children but permissive regarding how the children spent their leisure time. Cattell, his brothers, and friends, spent a great deal of time outdoors sailing, swimming, exploring caves, and fighting mock battles over terrain in which they “occasionally drowned or fell over cliffs”. England had entered World War I when Cattell was nine, an event that profoundly influenced him. During the war a mansion near his home had been converted into a hospital where Cattell observed trainloads of wounded men transported directly from the battlefields of France. He wrote that as a result of his experience, he became unusually serious for a young boy and aware of the “brevity of life and the need to accomplish while one might”. The great dedication to his work and the long hours that he devoted to it during his life may well have had their origins at this time. (Cattell, Lindzey, ed., Pg. 52-63.) These work characteristics of Cattell may also have been reinforced by the competition with his older brother. He describes the difficulties in trying to establish his own freedom of development in the presence of a domineering brother three years his senior who could “be outwitted, but not overcome”.  
stthomasu.ca
over 4 years ago
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The Danger in "Friending" Strangers on Facebook & How to Protect Your Child

Children and Teens can easily, and often do, friend people they have never met because they go to their school, or are friends with their friends. Although you may have taught them never to talk to strangers, what about Facebook "Friends"? Read some food for thought on how parents can be involved in their child's social network.  
brighthub.com
over 4 years ago
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Memories of Robert B. Zajonc - Association for Psychological Science

Robert Zajonc was a consummate scientist, scholar and social science researcher. His was a remarkable life, a life led during a renaissance period of social psychology and he had much to do with its development and flourishing over the latter half of the 20th century. Exposed to all forms of personal suffering during his youth and young adulthood, Bob found his way to America and Ann Arbor after spending much of his formative period in his beloved Poland and France during WWII. These experiences would form the crucible for his professional and personal experiences for the remainder of his life. The facts of his scientific and professional contribution are easily documented — seven distinct scientific lines of inquiry; hundreds of scientific papers, each a seminal contribution; dozens of doctoral students, honorary degrees, scientific awards and medals — the list endless and richly deserved. Robert was also a builder. He served as head of the newly developed social psychology program in psychology at Michigan in the 1970s, Director of the Research Center for Group Dynamics in the 1980s, and Director of the Institute for Social Research in the 1990s. All received Robert’s unique imprint for rigor, quality, and innovation. Bob also played a seminal role in the development of social psychology in Europe, leading to the establishment of the Institute for Social Science Research in Warsaw. Bob was also a father, husband, friend, colleague, and mentor. As chronicled in these remembrances from his first doctoral student, Eugene Burnstein, to Piotr Winkielman, his last student at the University of Michigan, Bob passed along his remarkable scientific judgment and insights that will stand the test of history. But there are others in this list between these two bookend students, distinguished scientists all, Richard Nisbett, Susan Fiske, Mahzarin Banaji, Paula Niedenthal, John Bargh and Richard Moreland who were graduate students, colleagues, co-authors, and deep and abiding friends over the decades.  
psychologicalscience.org
over 4 years ago
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Southern Health criticised for putting 'patients at risk' - BBC News

The NHS mental health trust which ran a care unit where a teenager drowned in a bath is "continuing to put patients at risk", inspectors say.  
bbc.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve sideways. It can develop during childhood or adolescence and can range from mild to severe. This vide...  
youtube.com
over 4 years ago
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Adolescent Family Life Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Adolescent Family Life Act (AFLA) is a United States federal law enacted in 1981 during the Reagan Administration.[1] AFLA provided funding for a series of social programs aimed at promoting abstinence through reproductive health education.[1]  
en.wikipedia.org
over 4 years ago
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MONTESSORI FAQ's

Q. Where did Montessori come from? A. Montessori (pronounced MON-tuh-SORE-ee) education was founded in 1907 by Dr. Maria Montessori, the first woman in Italy to become a physician. She based her educational methods on scientific observation of children's learning processes. Guided by her discovery that children teach themselves, Dr. Montessori designed a "prepared environment" in which children could freely choose from a number of developmentally appropriate activities. Now, nearly a century after Maria Montessori's first casa dei bambini ("children's house") in Rome, Montessori education is found all over the world, spanning ages from birth to adolescence.  
michaelolaf.net
about 4 years ago
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Stephen Sutton makes 'largest' cancer charity donation - BBC News

A teenager with terminal cancer raises more than £2m for charity.  
BBC News
over 6 years ago