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Sinaiem dark
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28

endocarditis-pearls

– Janeway lesions – painless, red macule/patch, palms/soles, culture bacteria from the lesion, embolic manifestation of endocarditis  
sinaiem.org
over 4 years ago
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12

Antibiotic treatment for asymptomatic bacteriuria | Cochrane

Growth of bacteria in the urine without any complaints (asymptomatic bacteriuria) is commonly detected in women up to 60 years, people with diabetes and in the elderly. It is not clear whether antibiotic treatment for this condition is of benefit for non-pregnant adults.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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5

Vaccines for preventing severe salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease | Cochrane

Salmonella organisms are probably second only to pneumococcus among bacterial causes of infection in people with sickle cell disease. Infection with these bacteria can lead to complications and reduce the quality of life of people with the disease and sometimes result in death. Immunization with salmonella vaccines is one of the interventions available to reduce infection by these bacteria. There are different types of vaccines available: the inactivated vaccines and the oral vaccines. We did not find any randomized controlled trials assessing these vaccines in people with sickle cell diseases. We therefore conclude that there is a need for a randomized controlled trial to assess the benefits and risks of the different types of vaccines to evaluate the potential for improving survival and decreasing mortality from salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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2

Acid-reducing medications sharply raise risk of C. diff. bacteria infection in kids

Researchers caution against overuse of these drugs in pediatric patientsInfants and children who are given prescription acid-reducing medications face a substantially...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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7

Inkjet Printed Silk Makes Hospital Gloves that Detect Bacteria |

Fibroin, the silk protein, has a lot of amazing properties that can make it into a common material used in advanced new medical applications. It's both phy  
medgadget.com
over 4 years ago
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12

Antibiotic prophylaxis during the second and third trimester in pregnancy to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes and morbidity | Cochrane

Antibiotics are administered to pregnant women during the second and third trimester of pregnancy (before labour) to prevent bacteria in the vagina and cervix affecting the pregnancy. Infection by some infectious organisms in a woman’s genital tract can cause health problems for the mother and her baby, and has been associated with preterm births. This review of eight randomised trials involved approximately 4300 women in their second or third trimester. We found that antibiotics did not reduce the risk of preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (one trial, low quality of evidence), or the risk of preterm birth (six trials, high quality of evidence). Preterm delivery was reduced in pregnant women who had a previous preterm birth and an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina (bacterial vaginosis) during the current pregnancy. There was no reduction in preterm delivery in pregnant women with previous preterm birth without a bacterial imbalance during the current pregnancy (two trials). Postpartum endometritis, or infection of the uterus following birth, was reduced overall (three trials, moderate quality of evidence), as well as in a trial of high-risk women who had a previous preterm birth (one trial, moderate quality of evidence). No reduction in neonatal illness was observed. Outcomes of interest were available in trials with high losses to follow-up. We could not estimate the side effects of antibiotics since side effects were rare; however, antibiotics may still have serious side effects on women and their babies.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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16

Needle size for vaccination procedures in children and adolescents | Cochrane

Vaccines contain antigens that make our immune system produce antibodies that can protect against disease. Antigens are modified or partial forms of the virus, bacteria, or the toxin that cause the disease that the vaccine protects against. Because the antigen is altered from its original form it cannot cause disease, but it can produce an immune response.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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7

Antibiotics for preventing recurrent sore throat | Cochrane

Recurrent sore throat is an inflammation of the throat occurring three or more times per year. Sore throat has many causes, including bacteria, viruses, fungi (uncommonly) and non-infective causes. It causes throat pain, redness, swelling, swollen lymph nodes and symptoms of other accompanying respiratory infections. Antibiotics are sometimes used to prevent recurrent sore throat on the basis that sore throats can be caused by bacteria. However, frequent use of antibiotics has been linked to the development of antibiotic resistance. We looked for studies (randomised controlled trials) that investigated the effectiveness of antibiotics for preventing recurrent sore throat in adults and children.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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3

Interventions for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections during pregnancy | Cochrane

Recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTI) are common in women generally, and particularly in pregnant women. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the urinary tract (bladder, kidneys) due to the presence of bacteria in the urine (bacteriuria). During pregnancy, UTI may be a serious complication that is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and child including preterm birth and small-for-gestational-age babies. Therefore, it is important to define the optimal intervention for preventing RUTI during pregnancy to improve pregnancy outcomes. Interventions used to prevent RUTI in pregnant women can be pharmacological (antibiotics) or non-pharmacological (cranberry products, acupuncture, probiotics and behavioural modifications). So far, little is known about the best way to prevent RUTI in pregnant women.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
Sinaiem dark
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1

legion-umbrella-ella-ella

Yesterday, the 7th mortality from legionella in NYC occurred. There have been 71 cases since July 10, all of them in the South Bronx after Legionella was found in cooling towers. This bacteria typically live in reservoirs of water or humidified spaces. It is a common cause (2 to 9 percent) of community-acquired and hospital-acquired pneumonia known as Legionnaire’s disease. The NYC Department of Health has issued suggestions on diagnosis and management of these patients; new cases should be reported to 866-NYC-DOH1 (1-866-692-3641).  
sinaiem.org
about 4 years ago
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Intravenous in-line filters for preventing morbidity and mortality in neonates | Cochrane

Background: Preterm or sick newborn infants are often fed with nutrients and fluids that are delivered directly into a vein. This intravenous delivery can be associated with infection, toxins released by bacteria, and tiny particles that may be in the fluids, such as rubber and plastic, going into the blood. In adults, placing a filter in the intravenous line has been reported to be effective in reducing such risks, and filters are increasingly being recommended for use in newborn infants.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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8

Critical Care

Hand hygiene is an effective, low-cost intervention that prevents the spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria. Despite mandatory education and reminders, compliance by physicians in our hospital remained stubbornly low. Our objective was to study whether surveillance by our unit coordinator (secretary) paired with regular feedback to chiefs of service would increase physician hand hygiene compliance in the ICU.  
ccforum.com
about 4 years ago
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5

Thousands of microbes found in house dust - BBC News

The dust in our homes contains an average of 9,000 different types of fungi and bacteria, a study suggests.  
bbc.co.uk
about 4 years ago
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New Genetically Engineered Bacteria Indicate Micronutrient Deficiencies |

Micronutrient deficiencies occur in limited resource environments, which in-turn presents a challenge in identifying afflicted populations in need of nutri  
medgadget.com
about 4 years ago
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Pupils 'need hand-washing lessons' to cut drug resistance - BBC News

Schoolchildren should be taught how to wash their hands to tackle the growing threat of drug resistant bacteria, say health officials.  
bbc.co.uk
about 4 years ago
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Furry Pets 'Enrich' Gut Bacteria of Infants at Risk for Allergies

In a small, preliminary study, infants in households with furry pets were found to share some of the animals' gut bacteria - possibly explaining why early animal exposure may protect against some allergies, researchers say.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Gut Microbes Associated With HDL, Triglycerides, and BMI

A wide range of gut bacteria are associated with a healthier lipid profile and body mass index, according to the first look at the association of gut microbiomes and lipids in a large human population.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Everyone has a 'microbial cloud' - BBC News

Everyone is surrounded by a unique cloud of their own bacteria, according to scientists at the University of Oregon in the US.  
bbc.co.uk
about 4 years ago