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Eating nuts to prevent cardiovascular disease | Cochrane

Cardiovascular diseases are a group of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. They are a major cause of death worldwide. The food we eat may influence the risk of getting cardiovascular disease. Nuts, if consumed regularly and at relatively high doses (50 g to 100 g), are believed to reduce total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (bad cholesterol).  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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Cancer Reigns as Leading Cause of Death in US Hispanics

Cancer continues to be the leading cause of death among Hispanics living in the United States, and it is the second leading cause of death in non-Hispanic whites.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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Lipid modification and cardiovascular risk assessment for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease: summary of updated NICE guidance

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in England and Wales, accounting for almost a third of deaths. An update of existing National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance (published in 2008)1 was necessary in light of new evidence on the efficacy and safety of statin therapy,2 on the effects of combining statins with non-statin drugs,3 4 5 and on novel risk assessment tools for predicting risk of CVD.6 Since the previous guideline, more statins have become available as generic drugs, and this has changed the cost effectiveness of statin treatment. The scope of the update included risk assessment for CVD and the use of lipid modification in people with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and chronic kidney disease.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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Aortic stiffness as a cardiovascular risk predictor

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide, despite highly effective preventive treatments. Most current guidelines recommend treatment based on arbitrary thresholds or the risk of a future event. Although the guidelines are effective at identifying those most at risk, in whom to start treatment, many individuals are categorised as moderate-low risk, denied treatment, and go on to have events. This has created considerable interest in refining risk prediction with novel biomarkers, such as C reactive protein and carotid intima-media thickness. Frustratingly, the majority of these add little to risk prediction based on traditional risk factors such as blood pressure, lipids, cigarette smoking, and diabetes.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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Half of US cardiovascular deaths are due to modifiable risk factors, study finds

If the five commonest modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease—high cholesterol concentrations, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and smoking—were eliminated in the United States, deaths from cardiovascular disease would be halved, a new study in the Annals of Internal Medicine has found.1 Cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke are the leading cause of death in the US, accounting for more than 780 000 deaths in 2010.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
0
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Drug overdose has become leading cause of death from injury in US

More than 44 000 people in the United States died as a result of a drug overdose in 2013 (figure⇓), making it the leading cause of death from injury in the country, says a report on the effect of injuries released on 17 June.1 Overall, injuries killed more than 193 000 people in 2013 in the US and were the leading cause of death among people aged 1 to 44 years, the report said.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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Lipid lowering for primary prevention of stroke in older adults?

Vascular events of the heart (myocardial infarction) and brain (stroke) are the world’s leading cause of death and disability. Most events occur in older people without previous symptomatic vascular disease. Although this group has a lower relative risk of vascular events than people with a previous history, they are substantially more prevalent and so account for a greater absolute number of events.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Blood-clot promoting drugs for acute traumatic injury | Cochrane

Injury is the second leading cause of death for people aged five to 45 years. Over four million people worldwide die of injuries every year, often because of extensive blood loss. Antifibrinolytic drugs promote blood clotting by preventing blood clots from breaking down. Some examples of antifibrinolytic drugs are aprotinin, tranexamic acid (TXA), epsilon-aminocaproic acid and aminomethylbenzoic acid. Doctors sometimes give these drugs to patients having surgery to prevent blood loss. These drugs might also stop blood loss in seriously injured patients and, as a result, save lives.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Short bouts of high-intensity exercise before a fatty meal best for vascular health

A short burst of intensive exercise before eating a high fat meal is better for blood vessel function in young people than the currently recommended moderate-intensity exercise, according to a new study. Cardiovascular diseases including heart attacks and stroke a leading cause of death, and the process underlying these diseases start in youth. An impairment in the function of blood vessels is thought to be the earliest event in this process, and this is known to occur in the hours after consuming a high fat meal.  
sciencedaily.com
over 4 years ago
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Genetic variability in the platelet linked to increased risk for clotting

Coronary heart disease and stroke, two of the leading causes of death in the United States, are diseases associated with heightened platelet reactivity. A new study in humans suggests an underlying reason for the variability in the risk of clotting is due to a genetic variation in a receptor on the surface of the platelet.  
sciencedaily.com
over 4 years ago
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Presence of heart pouch may explain strokes of unknown origin, study finds

A pouchlike structure inside the heart's left atrial chamber in some people may explain strokes that otherwise lack an identifiable cause, according to researchers. Stroke is the leading cause of long-term severe disability and the fourth-most-common cause of death in the U.S. About 80 percent of the 700,000-plus strokes that occur annually in this country are due to blood clots blocking a brain artery. In up to a third of these cases, the clots’ origin cannot be determined.  
sciencedaily.com
over 4 years ago
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New strategy can help determine heart attack in patients within one hour

A new strategy to rule-out and rule-in heart attacks in emergency departments will help physicians treat patients faster, found a clinical trial. Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is a common cause of death and disability around the world. Early diagnosis is critical for treatment and survival.  
sciencedaily.com
over 4 years ago
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New Western University study reveals exercise further combats cigarette cravings

Tobacco use kills more than five million people per year and smoking is the world's single most preventable cause of death.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Infants born prematurely: 2 studies identify routes to better outcomes

Eleven percent of all births worldwide are preterm, or occurring before 37 weeks of pregnancy, and preterm-related causes of death account for a significant number of infant deaths, as well as...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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The connection between mouth bacteria and inflammation in heart disease

Oral infections are the most common diseases of mankind and are also a key risk factor for heart disease, which is the leading cause of death worldwide.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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Most common cause of death in England and Wales in 2013 was heart disease in men and dementia in women

The leading cause of death among men in England and Wales in 2013 was ischaemic heart disease, accounting for 15.4% of deaths, while among women it was dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, which caused 12.2% of deaths, show the latest statistics.1 Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease overtook heart disease as the leading cause of death among women in 2012.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
1
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Resuscitating drowned children

The World Health Organization published its global report on drowning in November 2014, reporting a staggering 372 000 deaths a year from all types of water immersion. Worldwide, drowning is in the top 10 causes of death in children and young people, particularly in males and those aged under 5. An estimated 21 children and young adults are drowned every hour.1 Other public health matters have had disproportionately greater attention, despite the numbers of deaths from drowning being equivalent to two thirds of global deaths from malnutrition and over one half of deaths from malaria.  
bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
1
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Most common cause of death in England and Wales in 2013 was heart disease in men and dementia in women

The leading cause of death among men in England and Wales in 2013 was ischaemic heart disease, accounting for 15.4% of deaths, while among women it was dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, which caused 12.2% of deaths, show the latest statistics.1 Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease overtook heart disease as the leading cause of death among women in 2012.  
bmj.com
over 4 years ago