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CauseOfDeath

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Treating Alcoholism with Dr. Stewart

Dr. Chris Stewart reviews the basics of alcoholism including definitions, alcohol elimination rate, leading causes of death. He spends time on time and prese...  
youtube.com
almost 4 years ago
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Testing antibiotics in combination for acute infections of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis | Cochrane

The main cause of death in people with cystic fibrosis is due to chronic lung infection. People with cystic fibrosis now live longer due to the aggressive use of antibiotics to treat lung infections. Traditionally, antibiotics are chosen based on the results of laboratory testing of each antibiotic separately against the bacterium (or bug) that is found in the lungs of someone with cystic fibrosis. Antibiotics tested in combination may have activity against a bacterium even if ineffective when tested alone. It is unclear, however, if choosing antibiotics to treat lung infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) in people with cystic fibrosis, based on the results of testing antibiotics in combination is better than choosing antibiotics based on the results of testing antibiotics separately.  
cochrane.org
almost 4 years ago
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*Errors in Emergency Medicine* Medical error is the 6th leading cause of death in North America, and despite huge advances in imaging technology and lab test...  
youtube.com
almost 4 years ago
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Suicide risk assessment and intervention in people with mental illness

Suicide is the 15th most common cause of death worldwide. Although relatively uncommon in the general population, suicide rates are much higher in people with mental health problems. Clinicians often have to assess and manage suicide risk. Risk assessment is challenging for several reasons, not least because conventional approaches to risk assessment rely on patient self reporting and suicidal patients may wish to conceal their plans. Accurate methods of predicting suicide therefore remain elusive and are actively being studied. Novel approaches to risk assessment have shown promise, including empirically derived tools and implicit association tests. Service provision for suicidal patients is often substandard, particularly at times of highest need, such as after discharge from hospital or the emergency department. Although several drug based and psychotherapy based treatments exist, the best approaches to reducing the risk of suicide are still unclear. Some of the most compelling evidence supports long established treatments such as lithium and cognitive behavioral therapy. Emerging options include ketamine and internet based psychotherapies. This review summarizes the current science in suicide risk assessment and provides an overview of the interventions shown to reduce the risk of suicide, with a focus on the clinical management of people with mental disorders.  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 4 years ago
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Critical Care

Severe systemic inflammatory response to infection results in severe sepsis and septic shock, which are the leading causes of death in critically ill patients. Septic shock is characterised by refractory hypotension and is typically managed by fluid resuscitation and administration of catecholamine vasopressors such as norepinephrine. Vasopressin can also be administered to raise mean arterial pressure or decrease the norepinephrine dose. Endogenous norepinephrine and vasopressin are synthesised by the copper-containing enzymes dopamine β-hydroxylase and peptidylglycine α-amidating monooxygenase, respectively. Both of these enzymes require ascorbate as a cofactor for optimal activity. Patients with severe sepsis present with hypovitaminosis C, and pre-clinical and clinical studies have indicated that administration of high-dose ascorbate decreases the levels of pro-inflammatory biomarkers, attenuates organ dysfunction and improves haemodynamic parameters. It is conceivable that administration of ascorbate to septic patients with hypovitaminosis C could improve endogenous vasopressor synthesis and thus ameliorate the requirement for exogenously administered vasopressors. Ascorbate-dependent vasopressor synthesis represents a currently underexplored biochemical mechanism by which ascorbate could act as an adjuvant therapy for severe sepsis and septic shock.  
ccforum.com
almost 4 years ago
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White middle class death rate rise is linked to common diseases

The rise in death rates among middle aged white people in the United States may be linked to a failure to make progress in reducing mortality from common causes of death in this population, such as heart disease, and to changes to their socioeconomic status, a report by the Commonwealth Fund suggests.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
Www.bmj
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White middle class death rate rise is linked to common diseases

The rise in death rates among middle aged white people in the United States may be linked to a failure to make progress in reducing mortality from common causes of death in this population, such as heart disease, and to changes to their socioeconomic status, a report by the Commonwealth Fund suggests.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
Www.bmj
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White middle class death rate rise is linked to common diseases

The rise in death rates among middle aged white people in the United States may be linked to a failure to make progress in reducing mortality from common causes of death in this population, such as heart disease, and to changes to their socioeconomic status, a report by the Commonwealth Fund suggests.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Cancer Overtakes CVD as Leading Cause of Death in Half of US

Much of the drop in heart-disease mortality is from better treatments and most of the rest from better management of cardiovascular risk factors, except for two prevalent ones.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Sixty seconds on . . . scarlet fever

It was. In the late 1880s and early 1900s scarlet fever was the leading cause of death in children, sometimes wiping out all of a family’s children in a matter of weeks. But incidence fell dramatically through the 20th century.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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UMEM Educational Pearls - University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine

The following table shows that unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death for individuals 1-44 years of age. Even when they are not the leading cause of death, injuries cause substantial mortality in all age groups.  
umem.org
over 3 years ago
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Medical error—the third leading cause of death in the US

Medical error is not included on death certificates or in rankings of cause of death. Martin Makary and Michael Daniel assess its contribution to mortality and call for better reporting  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Medical Error Is Third Leading Cause of Death in US

Because death certificates, which inform health priorities, don't capture incidences of such errors, the problem is underestimated worldwide, authors of a new study said.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Medical error—the third leading cause of death in the US

Medical error is not included on death certificates or in rankings of cause of death. Martin Makary and Michael Daniel assess its contribution to mortality and call for better reporting  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Predicting cardiovascular disease

Emerging as a leading cause of death in the early 20th century and peaking in incidence in the 1960s, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a major global threat despite a progressively reducing incidence and case fatality for myocardial infarction and stroke. Since then, development of preventive interventions (pharmaceutical and lifestyle) led to a plethora of prediction models designed to identify those at risk, summarised in the linked systematic review by Damen and colleagues.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Predicting cardiovascular disease

Emerging as a leading cause of death in the early 20th century and peaking in incidence in the 1960s, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a major global threat despite a progressively reducing incidence and case fatality for myocardial infarction and stroke. Since then, development of preventive interventions (pharmaceutical and lifestyle) led to a plethora of prediction models designed to identify those at risk, summarised in the linked systematic review by Damen and colleagues.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Reader Poll: Is Medical Error the Third Leading Cause of Death?

A new study says medical error is the third leading cause of death in the US.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Lee Cronbach, pioneer in education psychology, dead at 85 : 10/01

Lee J. Cronbach, an education professor who made major contributions in the fields of educational psychology and psychological testing during a career that spanned over five decades, died at age 85 on Oct. 1. Cronbach, who was the Vida Jacks Professor of Education, Emeritus, passed away at his home in Palo Alto with his daughter, Janet, at his bedside. The cause of death was congestive heart failure.  
news.stanford.edu
about 3 years ago