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10

Salix's TARGET 3 study examines the safety and efficacy of repeat treatment with Rifaximin for IBS with diarrhea

Salix Pharmaceuticals, Ltd. has announced that Dr. Anthony Lembo of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center will present the results of TARGET 3 in a late-breaking podium presentation at the...  
medicalnewstoday.com
almost 5 years ago
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8

Characterisation of faecal protease activity in irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea

Stream Characterisation of faecal protease activity in irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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11

Is correcting hyperchloremic acidosis beneficial?

  0 Clinical Question 0 An elderly woman presents with renal failure due to severe dehydration from diarrhea.  She has a hyperchloremic acidosis from diarr  
pulmcrit.org
almost 5 years ago
Sinaiem dark
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18

lump-in-my-throat

A 19-year-old-male with no known past medical history, presents in progressive respiratory distress shortly after undergoing a tooth extraction about 6 hours prior to presentation. Symptoms began initially as “a lump in his throat” and difficulty swallowing, but eventually progressed to mild dyspnea after 1-2 hours. Denies FB or allergies. On arrival he appears anxious and is breathing at 18 breaths per minute with an O2 saturation of 100%. There is no stridor at presentation. There is no intra-oral, facial, or obvious neck swelling. There is no skin involvement or abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. You suspect allergic reaction and give IM epi, IV steroids, benadryl and pepcid. ENT is consulted for scope.  
sinaiem.org
almost 5 years ago
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A young woman with recurrent perianal sepsis

A 23 year old woman had been experiencing cramping abdominal pain, alternating diarrhoea and constipation, and episodic blood per rectum for four months. An earlier colonoscopy showed proctitis, which was thought to be indicative of underlying inflammatory bowel disease, and she was started on oral and topical mesalazine. In the following months she was admitted twice with acute perianal sepsis, which required examinations under anaesthesia and drainage of an intersphincteric abscess. She later presented after feeling generally unwell for four days with “flu-like” symptoms and perianal pain. On examination she had tenderness and fluctuance in the region of the right ischial tuberosity, with an external fistula opening visibly in the perineum. Her blood tests show mild neutrophilia (9.40×109/L, reference range 2-7.5) and mildly raised C reactive protein (380.96 nmol/L (40 mg/L), 0-95.24 (0-10) only.  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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19

Podcast #12: Oh Dance-a-tron (Ondansetron for Pediatric Vomiting)

Dehydration in children is a common presentation to the emergency department. A main cause of dehydration in this age group is gastroenteritis which is charaterized by acute onset diarrhea with or without nausea, vomiting, fever and abdominal pain. The scope of the problem was quantified by Glass in 1991. This study showed the following:  
thesgem.com
almost 5 years ago
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8

A young woman with recurrent perianal sepsis

A 23 year old woman had been experiencing cramping abdominal pain, alternating diarrhoea and constipation, and episodic blood per rectum for four months. An earlier colonoscopy showed proctitis, which was thought to be indicative of underlying inflammatory bowel disease, and she was started on oral and topical mesalazine. In the following months she was admitted twice with acute perianal sepsis, which required examinations under anaesthesia and drainage of an intersphincteric abscess. She later presented after feeling generally unwell for four days with “flu-like” symptoms and perianal pain. On examination she had tenderness and fluctuance in the region of the right ischial tuberosity, with an external fistula opening visibly in the perineum. Her blood tests show mild neutrophilia (9.40×109/L, reference range 2-7.5) and mildly raised C reactive protein (380.96 nmol/L (40 mg/L), 0-95.24 (0-10) only.  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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9

A young woman with recurrent perianal sepsis

A 23 year old woman had been experiencing cramping abdominal pain, alternating diarrhoea and constipation, and episodic blood per rectum for four months. An earlier colonoscopy showed proctitis, which was thought to be indicative of underlying inflammatory bowel disease, and she was started on oral and topical mesalazine. In the following months she was admitted twice with acute perianal sepsis, which required examinations under anaesthesia and drainage of an intersphincteric abscess. She later presented after feeling generally unwell for four days with “flu-like” symptoms and perianal pain. On examination she had tenderness and fluctuance in the region of the right ischial tuberosity, with an external fistula opening visibly in the perineum. Her blood tests show mild neutrophilia (9.40×109/L, reference range 2-7.5) and mildly raised C reactive protein (380.96 nmol/L (40 mg/L), 0-95.24 (0-10) only.  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
Sinaiem dark
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8

slow-and-steady

75 y/o M with a past medical history of atrial fibrillation presents to the ED not feeling well for several days. He has some diarrhea but has continued to take his medications. He is mildly hypotensive. While IV access is established, you are shown his ECG….  
sinaiem.org
over 4 years ago
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49

SGEM#117: Diarrhea – Hard to Spell, Easy to Smell and Easy to Cause with IV Antibiotics

Guest Skeptics: Meghan Groth (@EMPharmGirl). Meghan is the emergency medicine pharmacy specialist at the University of Vermont Medical Center in Burlington, Vermont and an adjunct professor of pharmacy at the Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences.  
thesgem.com
over 4 years ago
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Ustekinumab and briakinumab for the treatment of active Crohn's disease | Cochrane

What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's disease is a long-term (chronic) inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Symptoms include abdominal pain, non-bloody diarrhea and weight loss.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Budesonide for treatment of people with active Crohn's disease. | Cochrane

What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's disease is a debilitating long-term (chronic) inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Symptoms include abdominal pain, non-bloody diarrhea and weight loss. The most common initial treatment of the Crohn's disease is oral steroid therapy. Unfortunately, traditional steroids are usually absorbed into the body and cause significant unwanted side effects. These may include but are not limited to weight gain, diabetes, growth retardation, acne, mood instability, and high blood pressure. When people with Crohn's disease are experiencing symptoms of the disease it is said to be ‘active’; periods when the symptoms stop are called ‘remission’.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Lab Case 62

A 62 year old man presents to your ED by ambulance. He has had vomiting and diarrhoea for the last week and complains of abdominal pain. He is unable to keep anything down, has severe weakness with inability to stand.  
emergucate.com
over 4 years ago
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Effect of administration of antihelminthic for soil-transmitted helminths during pregnancy | Cochrane

Intestinal worms (helminths) contribute to iron-deficiency anaemia as they feed on blood and cause further bleeding by releasing anticoagulant compounds. They also affect the supply of nutrients and cause anorexia, vomiting and diarrhoea. Pregnancy complicated by maternal hookworm infection poses a serious threat to the health of mothers and their babies, especially in developing countries. Women who are anaemic during pregnancy are more likely to have ill health, give birth prematurely, and have low birthweight babies with low iron reserves. Antihelminthic drugs are highly effective and have minimal side-effects but information on their use during pregnancy is limited. The major concern is that the drugs may cause malformation of the fetus (teratogenic effects). We examined the research published up to 31 January 2015 on the impact of giving a single antihelminthic treatment in the second trimester of pregnancy on maternal anaemia and pregnancy outcomes.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Rotavirus vaccine could prevent thousands of deaths a year in India, study finds

Introducing a rotavirus vaccine to India’s national vaccination programme could prevent around 27 000 deaths a year from rotavirus gastroenteritis, a new study has indicated. The vaccine would also substantially reduce numbers of outpatient visits and admissions to hospital each year for rotaviral diarrhoea, the study concluded.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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An elderly woman with postprandial abdominal pain

An 84 year old woman presented with a five month history of central, recurrent, severe epigastric pain, which occurred about 20 minutes after eating. This was associated with nausea, occasional diarrhoea, and vomiting. She had experienced early satiety and weight loss over the last few months. Her medical history included myocardial infarction two years earlier. She also had a 40 pack year history of smoking. On examination, she was cachectic, but physical examination and digital rectal examination were otherwise unremarkable. Blood tests—including full blood count, liver functions tests, amylase, and renal function—were normal. Chest and abdominal radiographs, abdominal ultrasound, and computed tomography of the abdomen were unremarkable. Computed tomography angiography was performed (fig 1⇓).  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Lab Case 68

A 2 year old boy is brought in to your ED by his mum who complains that her child has been drowsy and irritable for the past two days. He has multiple allergies and cannot take any dairy products due to rashes and diarrhoea. She has been using other milk substitutes to feed her child.  
emergucate.com
over 4 years ago
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0

What is traveler's diarrhea?

Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT...  
youtube.com
over 4 years ago
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Hand washing promotion for preventing diarrhoea | Cochrane

This Cochrane Review summarises trials evaluating the effects of promoting hand washing on the incidence of diarrhoea among children and adults in day-care centres, schools, communities, or hospitals. After searching for relevant trials up to 27 May 2015, we included 22 randomized controlled trials conducted in both high-income countries (HICs) and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). These trials enrolled 69,309 children and 148 adults.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Type I interferons for treatment of active ulcerative colitis | Cochrane

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term (chronic) inflammatory bowel disease characterized by abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, and a need to hurry to the toilet to pass feces (fecal urgency).  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago