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Study Turns Tables on Current Thinking of 'Western' Diet in CHD

Adherence to a classic Mediterranean diet lowered the risk of events in patients with stable coronary heart disease, but eating more typically unhealthy "Western" fare did not tip the scales in the opposite direction, the authors report.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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ULTRASOUND – FASTING FOR SURGERY

We’ve held on to our strict fasting regimes for decades. Gastric ultrasound is here to help us individualise our fasting rules a bit more. Gastric ultrasound has lots of uses, and lately it’s become fashionable to use it for evaluating surgical patients immediately pre-op to see if they’re fasted.  
scancrit.com
over 4 years ago
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Thyrotoxicosis After Consumption of Dietary Supplements

This case highlights the potential dangers of unregulated dietary supplements, in this instance "diet pills" which contained clinically relevant amounts of triiodothyronine.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular events in people with heart disease, study shows

Although eating a Mediterranean diet high in vegetables, fruit, fish, and whole grains is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events in people with stable coronary heart disease, eating a Western-style diet does not increase this risk, a large follow-up study has shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular events in people with heart disease, study shows

Although eating a Mediterranean diet high in vegetables, fruit, fish, and whole grains is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events in people with stable coronary heart disease, eating a Western-style diet does not increase this risk, a large follow-up study has shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Fasting or Nonfasting Lipid Measurements: It Depends

When is it important to obtain fasting lipid levels, and when will non-fasting levels suffice? This review outlines differing clinical scenarios to determine the answer.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Dietary fats: a new look at old data challenges established wisdom

It is widely accepted that diets rich in polyunsaturated fats protect against heart disease. Recently, the Global Burden of Disease team reported that each year insufficient intake of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, the most common subgroup of polyunsaturated fats, results in over 700 000 deaths from coronary heart disease.1 Or does it? A linked study by Ramsden and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.i1246) adds to the doubts around the health benefits of replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fats.2  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Re-evaluation of the traditional diet-heart hypothesis: analysis of recovered data from Minnesota Coronary Experiment (1968-73)

Objective To examine the traditional diet-heart hypothesis through recovery and analysis of previously unpublished data from the Minnesota Coronary Experiment (MCE) and to put findings in the context of existing diet-heart randomized controlled trials through a systematic review and meta-analysis.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Dietary fats: a new look at old data challenges established wisdom

It is widely accepted that diets rich in polyunsaturated fats protect against heart disease. Recently, the Global Burden of Disease team reported that each year insufficient intake of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, the most common subgroup of polyunsaturated fats, results in over 700 000 deaths from coronary heart disease.1 Or does it? A linked study by Ramsden and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.i1246) adds to the doubts around the health benefits of replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fats.2  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Gastroenterology team

“In the past, managing irritable bowel syndrome by controlling the diet has been seen as a wacky idea—one for those who aren’t science driven,” admits Miranda Lomer, senior consultant dietician at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in London. But many minds have been changed by the success of a dietary regimen originally developed in Australia.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Gastroenterology team

“In the past, managing irritable bowel syndrome by controlling the diet has been seen as a wacky idea—one for those who aren’t science driven,” admits Miranda Lomer, senior consultant dietician at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in London. But many minds have been changed by the success of a dietary regimen originally developed in Australia.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Low-FODMAP Diet Shifts Metabolome, Microbiome in IBS Patients

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients show changes in their metabolome and microbiome after three weeks on a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs), according to new findings.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Prolonged Nightly Fasting Cuts Risk for Breast Cancer Return

Nighttime fasting of 13 hours or longer was associated with a significantly lower risk for recurrence in women with early-stage breast cancer.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Omega-6 PUFAs in Diet Seem to Cut Diabetes Risk: Kuopio Cohort

An analysis from the cohort study points to both positive and negative links between specific n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and type 2 diabetes and zeroes in on which may be most beneficial.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Mediterranean Diet May Help Reduce Women's Hip-Fracture Risk

A Women's Health Initiative finding that healthful eating may reduce postmenopausal risk for hip fractures was strongest for a Mediterranean-style diet and less so for at least two other diet types.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Quality of diet and mortality among Japanese men and women: Japan Public Health Center based prospective study

Objective To examine the association between adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top and total and cause specific mortality.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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'Prudent' Diet Linked to Better Cognition

Although the Western diet is linked to decline in cognitive functioning, adding elements of a healthier diet that researchers are calling 'prudent' is associated with half the risk for decline, a study suggests.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Bypass Surgery vs Diet, Exercise for Diabetes

After one year, gastric bypass surgery did a better job of bringing type 2 diabetes into remission than an intensive diet and exercise regimen, according to results of a small trial among obese patients.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Quality of diet and mortality among Japanese men and women: Japan Public Health Center based prospective study

Objective To examine the association between adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top and total and cause specific mortality.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago