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Mediterranean Diet May Help Reduce Women's Hip-Fracture Risk

A Women's Health Initiative finding that healthful eating may reduce postmenopausal risk for hip fractures was strongest for a Mediterranean-style diet and less so for at least two other diet types.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Omega-6 PUFAs in Diet Seem to Cut Diabetes Risk: Kuopio Cohort

An analysis from the cohort study points to both positive and negative links between specific n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and type 2 diabetes and zeroes in on which may be most beneficial.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Prolonged Nightly Fasting Cuts Risk for Breast Cancer Return

Nighttime fasting of 13 hours or longer was associated with a significantly lower risk for recurrence in women with early-stage breast cancer.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Low-FODMAP Diet Shifts Metabolome, Microbiome in IBS Patients

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients show changes in their metabolome and microbiome after three weeks on a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs), according to new findings.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Gastroenterology team

“In the past, managing irritable bowel syndrome by controlling the diet has been seen as a wacky idea—one for those who aren’t science driven,” admits Miranda Lomer, senior consultant dietician at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in London. But many minds have been changed by the success of a dietary regimen originally developed in Australia.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Gastroenterology team

“In the past, managing irritable bowel syndrome by controlling the diet has been seen as a wacky idea—one for those who aren’t science driven,” admits Miranda Lomer, senior consultant dietician at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in London. But many minds have been changed by the success of a dietary regimen originally developed in Australia.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Re-evaluation of the traditional diet-heart hypothesis: analysis of recovered data from Minnesota Coronary Experiment (1968-73)

Objective To examine the traditional diet-heart hypothesis through recovery and analysis of previously unpublished data from the Minnesota Coronary Experiment (MCE) and to put findings in the context of existing diet-heart randomized controlled trials through a systematic review and meta-analysis.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Dietary fats: a new look at old data challenges established wisdom

It is widely accepted that diets rich in polyunsaturated fats protect against heart disease. Recently, the Global Burden of Disease team reported that each year insufficient intake of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, the most common subgroup of polyunsaturated fats, results in over 700 000 deaths from coronary heart disease.1 Or does it? A linked study by Ramsden and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.i1246) adds to the doubts around the health benefits of replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fats.2  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Dietary fats: a new look at old data challenges established wisdom

It is widely accepted that diets rich in polyunsaturated fats protect against heart disease. Recently, the Global Burden of Disease team reported that each year insufficient intake of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, the most common subgroup of polyunsaturated fats, results in over 700 000 deaths from coronary heart disease.1 Or does it? A linked study by Ramsden and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.i1246) adds to the doubts around the health benefits of replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fats.2  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Fasting or Nonfasting Lipid Measurements: It Depends

When is it important to obtain fasting lipid levels, and when will non-fasting levels suffice? This review outlines differing clinical scenarios to determine the answer.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular events in people with heart disease, study shows

Although eating a Mediterranean diet high in vegetables, fruit, fish, and whole grains is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events in people with stable coronary heart disease, eating a Western-style diet does not increase this risk, a large follow-up study has shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular events in people with heart disease, study shows

Although eating a Mediterranean diet high in vegetables, fruit, fish, and whole grains is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events in people with stable coronary heart disease, eating a Western-style diet does not increase this risk, a large follow-up study has shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Thyrotoxicosis After Consumption of Dietary Supplements

This case highlights the potential dangers of unregulated dietary supplements, in this instance "diet pills" which contained clinically relevant amounts of triiodothyronine.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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ULTRASOUND – FASTING FOR SURGERY

We’ve held on to our strict fasting regimes for decades. Gastric ultrasound is here to help us individualise our fasting rules a bit more. Gastric ultrasound has lots of uses, and lately it’s become fashionable to use it for evaluating surgical patients immediately pre-op to see if they’re fasted.  
scancrit.com
over 4 years ago
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Study Turns Tables on Current Thinking of 'Western' Diet in CHD

Adherence to a classic Mediterranean diet lowered the risk of events in patients with stable coronary heart disease, but eating more typically unhealthy "Western" fare did not tip the scales in the opposite direction, the authors report.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Association Between Diet and Glucocorticoid Treatment in SLE

Can the risk for and severity of systemic lupus erythematosus be modified by diet?  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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DASH Diet, Weight Loss, and Metabolic Status in Adult NAFLD

Should adult patients with NAFLD be encouraged to follow a DASH diet, and could it help with weight maintenance and metabolic status?  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Alcohol, diet, and risk of breast cancer

Two linked papers in The BMJ shed new light on the relation of alcohol and diet with the two commonest diseases in women in western countries: breast cancer and ischaemic heart disease.1 2 After following the health of nearly 22 000 postmenopausal women in Denmark, Dam and colleagues1 report that, compared with women with a stable intake of alcohol, women who increased their alcohol intake by two drinks per day during five years of follow-up had an increase in risk of breast cancer of about 30% but a decrease in risk of ischaemic heart disease of about 20%.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Could Diet Improve Outcomes in Glioblastoma?

Dr Alan Jacobs discusses an experimental study evaluating a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet in mice with glioblastoma.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago