New to Meducation?
Sign up
Already signed up? Log In

Category

Preview
0
6

Tumour biomarkers: diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive

A 63 year old woman presented with a one month history of difficulty speaking and imbalance. She had been diagnosed with breast cancer two years earlier and had been treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. This was followed by a year of trastuzumab (Herceptin) and continuous tamoxifen treatment.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
8

Drug prescriptions rise in England - BBC News

An extra 34.5 million drugs and other prescription items were given out in 2014 compared to the year before, the latest snapshot for England shows.  
bbc.co.uk
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
4

'Softener' may help kill cancers - BBC News

It may be possible to "soften-up" cancer cells before hitting them with chemotherapy drugs, researchers suggest.  
bbc.co.uk
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
9

Pharmacotherapy for weight loss

A severely obese 28 year old woman (body mass index (BMI) 37.9) with type 2 diabetes, controlled hypertension, and sleep apnoea is seeking your advice about weight loss. She has lost 6 kg over the past year by reducing portion sizes, but her weight has recently plateaued. She does not want to consider bariatric surgery and asks instead about drug treatments.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
8

Chemotherapy does not improve quality of life in cancer patients at end of life, US study finds

Chemotherapy for patients with end stage cancer did not improve quality of life in those with poor or moderate performance status and worsened it in those with good performance status, US researchers have found.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
2

A comparison of platinum-based and non-platinum-based chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of small cell lung cancer | Cochrane

Do patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) who receive platinum-based chemotherapy treatment live longer than those who receive non-platinum-based chemotherapy treatment?  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
13

Effective ovarian cancer treatment is underused, US study finds

Six years after the US National Cancer Institute issued a special clinical announcement encouraging the use of intraperitoneal and intravenous chemotherapy for ovarian cancer, less than half of eligible women were being treated with it, a new study has found.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
2

Interventions for leg cramps during pregnancy | Cochrane

Leg cramps are experienced as sudden, intense involuntary contractions of the leg muscles. They are a common problem in pregnancy, especially in the third trimester. They are painful and can interfere with daily activities, disrupt sleep, and reduce quality of life. Various interventions have been used during pregnancy to treat leg cramps, including drug, electrolyte (magnesium, calcium, sodium) and vitamin therapies, and non-drug therapies such as muscle stretching. The goal of this review was to find out what is effective and safe for treating leg cramps during pregnancy.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
8

Oncologic Emergencies Part I: Pearls and Pitfalls - emdocs

A great review of emergencies caused by metastatic cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation  
emdocs.net
about 4 years ago
Preview
1
10

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for phantom pain and stump pain following amputation in adults | Cochrane

Pain may present in a body part that has been amputated (phantom pain) or at the site of amputation (stump pain), or both. Phantom pain and stump pain are complex conditions and affect up to 80% of amputees.The underlying causes are not fully understood. Drug therapy is the most common treatment yet the condition remains poorly managed. The need for non-drug interventions has been recognised and TENS may have an important role to play.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
11

Nutritional support in children and young people with cancer undergoing chemotherapy | Cochrane

The provision of safe, appropriate and effective nutritional support for children and young people undergoing treatment for cancer is now well recognised as an important part of their care. It may help to reverse malnutrition seen at diagnosis, prevent malnutrition associated with the cancer, promote weight gain and growth and improve quality of life. Nutritional support may be provided by one of two methods: intravenous nutritional liquids delivered through a central or peripheral vein which bypass the gut (parenteral nutrition); or nutritional liquids or solids that pass through any part of the gut, regardless of method of delivery (e.g. orally or via a tube; enteral nutrition).  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
0

A new, non-invasive diagnostic blood test - polymerase chain reaction - for people at risk of an invasive mould infection (aspergillosis) | Cochrane

Review question. We planned to review the evidence about the accuracy of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for diagnosing invasive aspergillosis (IA) in people with defective immune systems from medical treatment such as chemotherapy or following organ or bone marrow transplant.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
Preview
0
0

New Tool Helps Determine Why Patients Miss AED Doses

Nonadherence to antiepileptic drug therapy can have dire consequences. Reasons for nonadherence are many, a major one being dosing frequency. A new interview tool helps probe why patients miss doses.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
Preview
1
6

Barium enema in a Hirschsprung's disease

Prepare for USMLE,UK,CANADIAN,AUSTRALIAN, NURSING & OTHER MEDICAL BOARD examinations around the globe with us.Understand the basics, concepts and how to answ...  
youtube.com
almost 4 years ago
Preview
0
0

Cetuximab Benefits Select Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer

Adding cetuximab to chemotherapy failed to improve outcomes in the overall population of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer, but did confer a benefit in certain subgroups.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
Preview
0
0

Interscience Conference of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) 2015

Interscience Conference of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) 2015: Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from ICAAC 2015.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
Preview
0
0

Risk-Adapted Therapy for Early-Stage Extranodal Nasal-Type NK/T-Cell Lymphoma: Analysis From a Multicenter Study: Abstract and Introduction

Abstract and Introduction: For patients with early-stage nasal-type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, the most effective treatment was risk-adapted therapy of radiotherapy alone for the low-risk group and radiotherapy consolidated by chemotherapy for the high-risk group.  
medscape.org
almost 4 years ago
Preview
0
12

Polypharmacy: An Obvious Problem in Need of Attention

A review paper questions the indefinite prescription of the big four cardiac drugs, reminding Dr Mandrola of David Foster Wallace's "This is Water" commencement speech challenging us to choose what to pay attention to.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
Preview
0
6

Electronic Medication Reconciliation and Medication Errors

This report evaluates the use of an electronic tool to reduce non-intercepted admission medication reconciliation errors in a children's hospital.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
Preview
0
0

Smoking cessation and reduction in people with chronic mental illness

The high prevalence of cigarette smoking and tobacco related morbidity and mortality in people with chronic mental illness is well documented. This review summarizes results from studies of smoking cessation treatments in people with schizophrenia, depression, anxiety disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder. It also summarizes experimental studies aimed at identifying biopsychosocial mechanisms that underlie the high smoking rates seen in people with these disorders. Research indicates that smokers with chronic mental illness can quit with standard cessation approaches with minimal effects on psychiatric symptoms. Although some studies have noted high relapse rates, longer maintenance on pharmacotherapy reduces rates of relapse without untoward effects on psychiatric symptoms. Similar biopsychosocial mechanisms are thought to be involved in the initiation and persistence of smoking in patients with different disorders. An appreciation of these common factors may aid the development of novel tobacco treatments for people with chronic mental illness. Novel nicotine and tobacco products such as electronic cigarettes and very low nicotine content cigarettes may also be used to improve smoking cessation rates in people with chronic mental illness.  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 4 years ago