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Antibiotics for acute middle ear infection (acute otitis media) in children | Cochrane

This review compared 1) the clinical effectiveness and safety of antibiotics against placebo in children with an acute middle ear infection (acute otitis media (AOM)) and 2) the clinical effectiveness and safety of antibiotics against expectant observation (observational approaches in which prescriptions may or may not be provided) in children with AOM.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
10
1
79

Focus On: Treatment of Epistaxis

Epistaxis is one of the most common ear, nose, and throat emergencies, with an estimated 60% lifetime incidence rate for an individual person.  
American College Of Emergency Medicine
about 10 years ago
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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

Upper Respiratory Tract Infections These account for up to 80% of all RTI’s in children. They can involve the ears, nose, throat and sinuses. They are rarely serious and will not often require hospitalisation. They can become an issue when: A very young child has an RTI that causes a severely ‘blocked nose’ as this can affect feeding. This may result in hospitalisation. There are associated febrile convulsions The RTI causes an exacerbation of asthma  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Static.www.bmj
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Hoarseness in a 79 year old woman

A 79 year old woman was referred to our ear, nose, and throat outpatient clinic with a history of hoarse voice. This symptom had been present for around three months. It initially fluctuated in severity but eventually became constant. There was no associated pain, weight loss, cough, dysphagia, odynophagia, or other upper airway symptoms. She had not recently had surgery or experienced trauma. Her medical history was of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and she was an ex-smoker.  
bmj.com
over 6 years ago
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A 68 year old woman with deteriorating hearing

A 68 year old woman presented to the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) clinic with gradually worsening bilateral hearing loss over at least the past five years. This was associated with some non-intrusive tinnitus but no other otological symptoms, history of vertigo, or associated systemic problems. She found that she was increasing the TV volume to a level that her family found uncomfortable, and she had started to avoid social situations because she struggled to hear conversation among the background noise. Her medical history was unremarkable except for well controlled hypertension, for which she was taking amlodipine. She also had no history of excessive noise exposure, no previous otological problems, and no family history of note.  
bmj.com
over 6 years ago
1
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WHO | Many countries lack capacity to prevent and treat hearing loss

Many of the countries who responded to a new WHO survey lack the capacity to prevent and care for hearing loss, according to a report published on International Ear Care Day, 3 March.  
who.int
over 6 years ago
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A 68 year old woman with deteriorating hearing

A 68 year old woman presented to the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) clinic with gradually worsening bilateral hearing loss over at least the past five years. This was associated with some non-intrusive tinnitus but no other otological symptoms, history of vertigo, or associated systemic problems. She found that she was increasing the TV volume to a level that her family found uncomfortable, and she had started to avoid social situations because she struggled to hear conversation among the background noise. Her medical history was unremarkable except for well controlled hypertension, for which she was taking amlodipine. She also had no history of excessive noise exposure, no previous otological problems, and no family history of note.  
bmj.com
over 6 years ago
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Cochlear implants for children and adults with severe to profound deafness | 2-Clinical-need-and-practice | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

2.1 Hearing loss may be caused by interference with the transmission of sound from the outer to the inner ear (conductive hearing loss) or damage within the cochlea, the auditory nerve or auditory centres in the brain (sensorineural hearing loss). In adults the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss is presbycusis. This is a progressive condition caused by the loss of function of hair cells in the inner ear, leading to deafness. Hearing loss in adults may also be caused by excessive exposure to noise, or by ototoxic drugs, metabolic disorders, infections or genetic factors. Severe to profound hearing loss in children may have a genetic aetiology, or have prenatal, perinatal or postnatal causes. These include conditions such as meningitis and viral infection of the inner ear (for example, rubella or measles), as well as premature birth and congenital infections. Deafness that occurs before the development of language is described as prelingual, whereas deafness that occurs after the development of language is described as postlingual.  
publications.nice.org.uk
over 6 years ago
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Resources

RESOURCES: Here are some useful presentations to download / see prior to your Oncology attachment. They are also good revision tools; plus there are prizes to be won!! Prizes to be won: Steven Carstairs Research Prize and Edinburgh EAR Congress Research Prize are offered through the Royal College of Radiologists. This year's closing date has…  
Cancer Dundee Blog
almost 6 years ago
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A&P Biol 227: Anatomy of the Ear

A fantastical adventure through the winding roads and convoluted canals of the ear.  
YouTube
almost 6 years ago
Www.bmj
1
20

An unusual finding on a pelvic radiograph

A 74 year old man presented to the ear, nose, and throat department with breathlessness on exertion, intermittent voice hoarseness, and a sensation of catarrh in his throat. After a laryngoscopy with biopsy was performed, he was diagnosed as having a low grade chondrosarcoma of the larynx. Before surgical debulking of the lesion was carried out he underwent computed tomography of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. This confirmed the presence of a subglottic mass in the larynx but also showed a mixed lytic and sclerotic expansile lesion (5.8 cm (longitudinal)×1.6 cm (axial)×4.5 cm) in the left iliac blade of the pelvis. The pelvic lesion was well corticated, with internal ossified septae and calcification. Expansion of the left iliac wing was noted, with no breach in the cortex.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
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Anatomy of Middle Ear 3/9

Visit http://www.DrNajeebLectures.com for 600+ videos on Basic Medical Sciences!  
youtube.com
over 5 years ago
Cochrane logo 400
1
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Antibiotics to prevent infection of the brain coverings (meningitis) in patients with basilar skull fracture | Cochrane

Basilar skull fracture (7% to 15.8% of all skull fractures) places the central nervous system in contact with bacteria from the nose and throat and may be associated with cerebrospinal fluid leakage (occurring in 2% to 20.8% of patients). Blood or watery discharge from the nose or ears, bruising behind the ear or around the eyes, hearing loss, inability to perceive odours or facial asymmetry may lead physicians to the diagnosis of basilar skull fracture. Patients with a basilar skull fracture may develop meningitis and some doctors give antibiotics in an attempt to reduce this risk.  
cochrane.org
over 5 years ago
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Blowing balloons 'treats glue ear' - BBC News

Using the nose to inflate a balloon helps heal glue ear, University of Southampton research suggests.  
bbc.co.uk
about 5 years ago
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Tympani is an Ear Thermometer that Connects to Your Smartphone's Audio Jack |

There are lots of options for smart thermometers on the market today. Caring Things, based in Columbus, Ohio, has added to the mix with Tympani. This infra  
medgadget.com
about 5 years ago
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index.html

     Activities Index Chapter Activity Names 1 Levels of Biological Organization Dorsal and Ventral Cavities Body Planes Anatomical Terminology:Orientation and Directional Terms 2 The Structure of Atoms Common Elements in Living Organisms Electron Arrangement Ionic Bonds Covalent Bonds Characteristics of Acids, Bases, and Salts 3 Parts of the Cell: Structure Structure of the Plasma Membrane Membrane Transport Selective Permeability Passive Transport Identifying Connective Tissue 4 Structure of the Skin 5 Microscopic Structure of Compact Bone Common Types of Fractures Facial Bones Typical Vertebra Classification of Bones Types of Synovial Joints 6 Connective Tissue Wrappings of Skeletal Muscle Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Fiber Organizational Level of Skeletal Muscles Graded Muscle Responses Muscles of the Body Posterior Surface Musclulature 7 Glial Cells and Their Functions Classification of Neurons The Human Brain: Sagittal Section Parts of the Brain Meninges of the Brain Anatomy of the Spinal Cord Cranial Nerves Structure of a Nerve Descriptions of Cranial Nerves Distribution of Spinal Nerves 8 Internal Structures of the Eye Optics of the Eye Internal Structures of the Ear 9 Hormones and Their Target Cells Ionic Calcium Levels in Blood Regulation of Blood Sugar Levels by Insulin and Glycogen 10 Formed Elements 11 External Anatomy of the Heart Frontal Section of the Heart Intrinsic Conduction System of the Heart Arterial Circulation Veins of the Systemic Circulation 12 Lymphatic Collecting Vessels and Regional Lymph Nodes Events in Allergic Reactions 13 Anatomy of the Upper Respiratory Tract Gas Transport 14 Digestive System Basic Structure of the Alimentary Wall Gastrointestinal Tract Activities Overview of Cellular Respiration 15 Anatomy and Function of the Nephron Nephron Activity Early Filtrate Processing 16 Male Reproductive Anatomy: Sagittal View The Female Menstrual Cycle  
media.pearsoncmg.com
almost 5 years ago
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Eardrum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In human anatomy, the eardrum, or tympanic membrane, is a thin, cone-shaped membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear in humans and other tetrapods. Its function is to transmit sound from the air to the ossicles inside the middle ear, and then to the oval window in the fluid-filled cochlea. Hence, it ultimately converts and amplifies vibration in air to vibration in fluid. The malleus bone bridges the gap between the eardrum and the other ossicles.[1]  
en.wikipedia.org
about 4 years ago
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Tinnitus severely affects person’s quality of life | PerfScience

A research paper published in the journal JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery has unveiled that the rate of tinnitus is higher among Americans who are regularly exposed to noisy environments. Around one in 10 American adults face the problem of chronic tinnitus, a condition in which a person constantly have ringing or roaring in the ears or head.  
perfscience.com
about 4 years ago
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Why does acute otitis media cause ear drum perforation, whereas otitis media with effusion doesn't?

The textbooks say there is no perforation in OME, but why? If there is fluid build-up then surely there is a risk of perforation?  
Carly Bisset
over 7 years ago