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Epidemiology

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Breast Cancer

Remember, although rare, men can also get breast cancer. Less than 1% of breast cancers occur in men. Benign breast masses are 15x more common than breast cancer   Epidemiology In the UK, a woman has a 1/9 chance of developing breast cancer It is the most common cause of death in women aged 35-55  
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about 6 years ago
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Chlamydia

Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) The most common bacterial STI.   Like gonorrhoea, this can also be spread vertically, and can result in aconjunctivitis in the neonate. However, unlike gonorrhoea, the conjunctivitis is not a medical emergency, and will noly very rarely result in blindness.   Epidemiology It is the most common bacterial STD  
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about 6 years ago
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Caesarian Section

C-section is major surgery, with real risks, and the decision to perform such an operation should not be taken lightly!   Epidemiology Incidence in increasing, mainly due to the increased diagnoses of fetal distress, as diagnosed by CTG monitoring. Also increasing used for non-longitudinal lies (e.g. breech, transverse) WHO recommends not >15% of deliveries should be via c-section  
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about 6 years ago
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Hepatitis B

Epidemiology and Aetiology Major health problem – 300 million carriers Incubation 1 - 4 mths Parenteral transmission – sexual, IV, perinatal 0.5% of UK population are carriers, but this is as much as 10-15% in some countries in the developing world. in some far eastern countries, 1/3 of people are carriers. E.g. in Yemen ¼ of the population have hep B PresentationAcute Hepatitis B    
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about 6 years ago
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Sterilisation

Sterilisation Can be controversial in some cultures Should only be undertaken in stable relationships where the couple is certain they do not want any more children   Epidemiology Rates falling in developed countries UK is unusual as the number of men receiving the operation is greater than the number of women 18% of men between 18-69 have had a vasectomy  
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about 6 years ago
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Eczema (Dermatitis)

Eczema (aka Dermatitis) presents as a poorly demarcated, itchy rash. There are several causes. By far the most common is atopic eczema, but irritants and venous stasis can also cause the condition.   Atopic Eczema This results from an IgE-mediated, T-cell auto-immune response.   Epidemiology and Aetiology  
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about 6 years ago
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Lymphoma

Can be divided into two types; Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s. Lymphoid leukaemias also exist, and the distinction between these and lymphomas can be difficult.   Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL) Epidemiology This is rare; incidence is 2.5-4 per 100 000 Male: female is 1.5:1 Peak incidence is in the 3rd decade, and there is a second peak between the ages of 50-70.  
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about 6 years ago
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Paget's Disease of the Bone

Along with osteoporosis, this is a common degenerative bone disease   Epidemiology and Aetiology This is the second most common bone disorder (after osteoporosis), and affects >5% of the over 55’s in the UK. The prevalence varies between countries and races. The UK has the highest incidence. It is rare in Scandinavia, China and Japan. Increased incidence in Pet Owners Genetic susceptibility  
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about 6 years ago
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Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a non-specific muscular disorder of unknown origin. It primarily affects insertions of tendons and associated soft tissues and presents with dull aching pains. It is much more common in women.  Epidemiology and Aetiology Cause is unknown Affects muscles rather than joints – although can often feel like joint pain Peak age of onset: 40-50 years M:F ratio 1:9  Pathology  
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about 6 years ago
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Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulamtous disorder of unknown aetiology. It most commonly affects the lungs (>90% of cases) and lymphatic system, but can affect any organ. Many cases are asymptomatic, although some patients can have very severe disease. Treatment may involve NSAIDs and less often, steroids, but often none is required as most cases resolve spontaneously.   Epidemiology and Aetiology  
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about 6 years ago
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Marfan Syndrome

Introduction Marfan Syndrome (sometime Marfan’s Syndrome) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder.   Epidemiology and Aeitiology 25% of cases occur without family history Reduced life expectancy – average is around 60   Pathology  
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about 6 years ago
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Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS)

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is an inherited connective tissue disorder caused by defective collagen synthesis. Symptoms vary widely between individuals. Some may be hardly effected, whilst other live severely restricted lives.   Epidemiology and Aetiology    
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about 6 years ago
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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Epidemiology and Aetiology More common in women Typical presentation at age 30-50 Associated with gout, pregnancy, the pill, premenstrual state, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, acromegaly, obesity, amyloidosis Some believe that jobs that involve repetitive flexing of the wrist may be involved.  
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about 6 years ago
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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition that results from the loss of cartilage at synovial joints, and is often accompanied by degeneration of the underlying bone.   Radiologically there are: osteophytes Joint space narrowing   Epidemiology most common type of arthritis 80% people >60 will have some radiographic features  
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about 6 years ago
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Epidemiology Flashcards - Cram.com

Study Flashcards On Epidemiology at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!  
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about 6 years ago
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My Notes for USMLE

 
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about 6 years ago
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USMLE Epidemiology and Biostatistics Flashcards - Flashcardexchange.com

USMLE Epidemiology and Biostatistics Flashcards - Flashcardexchange.com http://www.flashcardexchange.com/cards/usmle-epidemiology-and-biostatistics-729029 “ Study Flashcards On USMLE Epidemiology and...  
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about 6 years ago
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Epidemiology from the beginning

Fantastic overview of epidemiology for medical students.  
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about 6 years ago
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Epidemiology Studies

Some useful examples of epidemiology cases for you to learn from.  
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about 6 years ago
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Definitions of important terms in epidemiology

Lecture by Dr. Bhoj R singh, Principal Scientist.  
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about 6 years ago