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Epidemiology

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Zombie infections: epidemiology, treatment, and prevention

Tara C Smith summarises the epidemiology and pathology of zombie infections and calls for research and funding to prevent a zombie apocalypse  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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Prehospital management of Zombies

Zombie infections: epidemiology, treatment, and prevention | best #FOAMed paper this year, by far! :) https://t.co/KAI1UQ2Zus — Youri Yordanov (@YordaYou) December 15, 2015 Attribution to this joker  
prehospitalmed.com
almost 5 years ago
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Epidemiology of Haemophilus ducreyi Infections: Abstract and Introduction

Abstract and Introduction: This activity is intended for primary care physicians, infectious disease specialists, obstetrician-gynecologists, and other physicians who may see patients with genital ulcer disease.  
medscape.org
almost 5 years ago
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Management of Chronic Hepatitis B: An Overview

This review reviews the epidemiology and clinical course of chronic hepatitis B, summarizing current management recommendations and presenting a simple treatment algorithm.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Decisions on restarting anticoagulation should be made earlier after rebleeding

Staerk and colleagues’ paper provides support for the important, perhaps underused, practice of reintroducing anticoagulation after a gastrointestinal haemorrhage.1 Some aspects of the paper need to be put into context. The data on antiplatelet agents for atrial fibrillation have little relevance to current practice because the management and epidemiology of gastrointestinal bleeding has changed over the course of the study (1996-2012). Improvements in endoscopic and medical management have …  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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0

Decisions on restarting anticoagulation should be made earlier after rebleeding

Staerk and colleagues’ paper provides support for the important, perhaps underused, practice of reintroducing anticoagulation after a gastrointestinal haemorrhage.1 Some aspects of the paper need to be put into context. The data on antiplatelet agents for atrial fibrillation have little relevance to current practice because the management and epidemiology of gastrointestinal bleeding has changed over the course of the study (1996-2012). Improvements in endoscopic and medical management have …  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Preview
0
0

Decisions on restarting anticoagulation should be made earlier after rebleeding

Staerk and colleagues’ paper provides support for the important, perhaps underused, practice of reintroducing anticoagulation after a gastrointestinal haemorrhage.1 Some aspects of the paper need to be put into context. The data on antiplatelet agents for atrial fibrillation have little relevance to current practice because the management and epidemiology of gastrointestinal bleeding has changed over the course of the study (1996-2012). Improvements in endoscopic and medical management have …  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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0
2

Decisions on restarting anticoagulation should be made earlier after rebleeding

Staerk and colleagues’ paper provides support for the important, perhaps underused, practice of reintroducing anticoagulation after a gastrointestinal haemorrhage.1 Some aspects of the paper need to be put into context. The data on antiplatelet agents for atrial fibrillation have little relevance to current practice because the management and epidemiology of gastrointestinal bleeding has changed over the course of the study (1996-2012). Improvements in endoscopic and medical management have …  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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Critical Care

Two clinical scoring systems, the status epilepticus severity score (STESS) and the epidemiology-based mortality score in status epilepticus (EMSE), are used to predict mortality in patients with status epilepticus (SE). The aim of this study was to compare the outcome-prediction function of the two scoring systems regarding in-hospital mortality using a multicenter large cohort of adult patients with SE. Moreover, we studied the potential role of these two scoring systems in predicting the functional outcome in patients with SE.  
ccforum.biomedcentral.com
over 4 years ago
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Surveillance Systems for Sexually Transmitted Infections

What are the recent trends in STI epidemiology? Take a look at the disease surveillance data from regions around the globe to find out.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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35

Antibiotic resistance in Enterobacteriaceae: mechanisms and clinical implications

Resistance of the Enterobacteriaceae to antibiotics, especially of the β lactam type, is increasingly dominated by the mobilization of continuously expressed single genes that encode efficient drug modifying enzymes. Strong and ubiquitous selection pressure has seemingly been accompanied by a shift from “natural” resistance, such as inducible chromosomal enzymes, membrane impermeability, and drug efflux, to the modern paradigm of mobile gene pools that largely determine the epidemiology of modern antibiotic resistance. In this way, antibiotic resistance is more available than ever before to organisms such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae that are important causes of major sepsis. Modulation of the phenotype by host bacteria makes gene transmission less obvious and may in part explain why tracking and control of carbapenem resistance has been particularly problematic in the Enterobacteriaceae. This review discusses the underlying principles and clinical implications of the mobility and fixation of resistance genes and the exploitable opportunities and potential threats arising from apparent limitations on diversity in these mobile gene pools. It also provides some illustrative paradoxes and clinical corollaries, as well as a summary of future options.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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7

Antibiotic resistance in Enterobacteriaceae: mechanisms and clinical implications

Resistance of the Enterobacteriaceae to antibiotics, especially of the β lactam type, is increasingly dominated by the mobilization of continuously expressed single genes that encode efficient drug modifying enzymes. Strong and ubiquitous selection pressure has seemingly been accompanied by a shift from “natural” resistance, such as inducible chromosomal enzymes, membrane impermeability, and drug efflux, to the modern paradigm of mobile gene pools that largely determine the epidemiology of modern antibiotic resistance. In this way, antibiotic resistance is more available than ever before to organisms such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae that are important causes of major sepsis. Modulation of the phenotype by host bacteria makes gene transmission less obvious and may in part explain why tracking and control of carbapenem resistance has been particularly problematic in the Enterobacteriaceae. This review discusses the underlying principles and clinical implications of the mobility and fixation of resistance genes and the exploitable opportunities and potential threats arising from apparent limitations on diversity in these mobile gene pools. It also provides some illustrative paradoxes and clinical corollaries, as well as a summary of future options.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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6

Epidemiology of Histoplasmosis Outbreaks, United States, 1938–2013: Abstract and Introduction

Abstract and Introduction: A literature review describes features of reported histoplasmosis outbreaks during 1938-2013 in the United States and urges improved awareness of the disease and prevention strategies.  
medscape.org
over 4 years ago
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Tuberculosis Caused by Mycobacterium africanum, United States, 2004-2013: Abstract and Introduction

Abstract and Introduction: This data study provides new details regarding the epidemiology and clinical presentation of Mycobacterium africanum infection.  
medscape.org
over 4 years ago
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8

American Heart Association Epidemiology and Prevention - Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health (EPI-Lifestyle) 2016 Scientific Sessions

American Heart Association Epidemiology and Prevention - Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health (EPI-Lifestyle) 2016 Scientific Sessions: Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from EPI-Lifestyle 2016.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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6

Epidemiology of Pediatric Coccidioidomycosis in California

Pediatric coccidioidomycosis cases and hospitalizations have increased in California since 2000. More awareness and research is needed to decrease the burden of this fungal disease.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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8

Fragility Index (Walsh et al, 2014) - INTENSIVE

Walsh M, Srinathan SK, McAuley DF, et al. The statistical significance of randomized controlled trial results is frequently fragile: a case for a Fragility Index. Journal of clinical epidemiology. 67(6):622-8. 2014. [pubmed]  
intensiveblog.com
over 4 years ago
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8

What would John Snow make of epidemiology today?

Suzi Gage: Today is the bicentenary of the birth of John Snow, the physician who worked out how cholera is transmitted. He is often called the father of epidemiology, but would he recognise the field today?  
theguardian.com
over 4 years ago
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7

Otis Brawley—one of the first to question the value of screening

Otis Webb Brawley, chief medical and scientific officer of the American Cancer Society and professor of oncology and epidemiology at Emory University, is a trailblazer. He has faced fierce criticism at times for his seemingly radical views, yet he has also won over many doctors, professional associations, and members of the public, who now embrace those views. It hasn’t always been easy going.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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7

Putting health inequalities to music

The first session of the project, a collaboration between the Grand Union Orchestra, Community Music (an organisation encouraging children to get involved in digital music), and the epidemiologist Elizabeth Pisani, was held on 23 April in London. Musicians and …  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago