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Cervical Cancer and CIN

When we talk about cervical cancer, we are normally referring to squamous cell carcinoma.   Cervical cancer is a bit complicated. There are normal physiological changes that occur to the cervix, as well as pre-cancerous changes, and cervical cancer itself, which can alter the appearance and histology of the cervix.   Normal physiological changes  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 5 years ago
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Hormonal Implants

Implant – aka Implanon Lasts 3 years 12% will have heavier bleeding, particularly in the first 6-12 months. This can be alleviated with: Tranexamic acid – 1g/6-8h for up to 4 days – an antifibrinolytic, can reduce menorrhagia by 50%  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 5 years ago
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Endometrial Carcinoma

Epidemiology The most common genital tract cancer Every year, about 4500 women in the UK develop endometrial cancer The majority (93%) of cases are diagnosed in women aged over 50 years Geographical variation exists - North American: Chinese ratio of about 7: 1   Pathology  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 5 years ago
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68

Endometriosis

 
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over 5 years ago
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Hysterectomy

Three types of operation: Abdominal – TAH – Total Abdominal Hysterectomy This is the most common form of surgery performed in the UK Vaginal – VH – Vaginal HyesterectomyLaparoscopic – LAVH – Laparoscopically assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 5 years ago
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55

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - PID

This is an inflammatory condition (often secondary to infection), affecting any part of the higher female reproductive system, e.g.; uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries. Salpingitis – this term is sometimes used interchangeably with PID, but technically only refers to inflammation in the fallopian tubes. Endometritis   Risk factors STD: Young age (16-24)  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 5 years ago
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (aka hyperandrogen Chronic Anovulation) is a very common cause of amenorrhoea and oligomenorrhoea. It is important as it is associated with excessive andorgen secretion and insulin resistance.   Typical patients Hyperandrogenism  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 5 years ago
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52

Retroverted Uterus

The normal position of the uterus is anteverted. In this position, the uterus is concave on the side of the bladder, and bends round to sit just above and behind the bladder.   In a retroverted uterus, the uterus instead bends ‘backwards’ so that the concave side is posterior. About 20-30% of women have a retroverted uterus.   Clinical features  
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over 5 years ago
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41

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

THE most common cause of pathological vaginal discharge. Can be caused by an overgrowth of many types of bacteria, usually anaerobes. There is alos often a decrease in the number of lactobacilli. Not sexually transmitted   Epidemiology Affects 10% of women in the UK, but most cases are asymptomatic   Presentation  
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over 5 years ago
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Chlamydia

Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) The most common bacterial STI.   Like gonorrhoea, this can also be spread vertically, and can result in aconjunctivitis in the neonate. However, unlike gonorrhoea, the conjunctivitis is not a medical emergency, and will noly very rarely result in blindness.   Epidemiology It is the most common bacterial STD  
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over 5 years ago
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36

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea (aka the clap) Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC)is a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically infecting the genitourinary tracts, retum, pharynx and conjunctiva. It is particularly intolerant to a dry environment.  
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over 5 years ago
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Syphilis

 
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over 5 years ago
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Subfertility

 
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over 5 years ago
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Normal Uterine Contractions During Delivery with Fetal Monitoring Strip

Labor and Delivery - Normal Uterine Contractions with Fetal Monitoring Strip. Depicts a relaxed uterus and dilated cervix followed by a contracted uterus. The third image shows a relaxed uterus. The fourth image shows the uterus contracting, and squeezing the baby toward the birth canal. The fifth and sixth illustrations picture a fetal monitor and its printout, graph with contractions and recovery periods.  
Nucleus Medical Media
over 5 years ago
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Volume 3, Chapter 58. Fetal Circulation

Julian T. Parer, MD, PhD Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine; Associate Staff, Cardiovascular Research Institute, San Francisco, California (Vol 3, Chap 58)  
glowm.com
over 5 years ago
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157

Development of Male vs. Female Genitalia (USMLE Tutorial)

http://www.usmlesuccess.net A look at the way by which males and females develop their genitalia while in utero - very high-yield USMLE material. Grab your F...  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
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409

Mastering The Menstrual Cycle (USMLE Tutorial)

An in-depth look at the physiology of the menstrual cycle.  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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In brief

Doctor denies charge of female genital mutilation: The first doctor in the United Kingdom to be charged with female genital mutilation will plead not guilty when he appears at Southwark Crown Court on 2 May, lawyers have said. Dhanuson Dharmasena, a registrar in obstetrics and gynaecology at the Whittington Hospital in north London, is alleged to have repaired the genital mutilation that had previously been carried out, and Hasan Mohamed, who is not a doctor, is charged with encouraging the doctor and aiding and abetting the offence.1  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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US agency warns against morcellation in hysterectomies and myomectomies

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication on 17 April urging doctors not to use laparoscopic power morcellation for hysterectomies or removal of uterine fibroids over concerns that the technique may spread uterine sarcomas beyond the uterus.1  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
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HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening in Australia

Stream HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening in Australia by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
over 5 years ago