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144

Liver Failure

Video tutorial on liver failure, outlining acute liver disease including hepatitis, fulminant/decompensated liver disease followed by a discussion on chronic liver disease.  
Podmedics
over 7 years ago
Preview
3
121

Alcoholic Hepatitis

This is a very common cause of liver injury. It is caused by excessive alcohol intake. Typically there will be steatosis of the liver. In this pathological change, fat globules begin to accumulate in the cytoplasm of liver cells. this can be pretty harmless, and as a result, is not very specific for predicting if the liver will develop cirrhosis.  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
about 5 years ago
Preview
1
39

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Autoimmune hepatitis is a cause of chronic hepatitis. It is also sometimes referred to as chronic active hepatitis.  Any hepatitis that typically lasts >6 months is referred to as chronic It is characterised by: Increased IgG levels Antibodies against: Liver specific proteins  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
about 5 years ago
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1
19

Hepatitis D

You can only contract this is you are also currently suffering from hepatitis B. You can get two types of infection: Normal co-existant infection – 90% of cases – this actually reduces the severity of the hep B infection! This is because infection with hepatitis D can reduce the replication rate of the hepatitis B virus. These people will usually make a full recovery from an unremarkable acute hepatitis.   
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
about 5 years ago
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1
14

Hepatitis G

It behaves a bit like hep C. Up to 2% of blood donors in US have this – but it is not considered pathogenic.  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
about 5 years ago
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1
33

Viral Hepatitis Overview

 
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
about 5 years ago
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3
94

Hepatitis B/ Chronic Hepatitis/Serum Hepatitis

• In the family Hepadnaviridae; common name: Hepadnavirus • Known as the smallest DNA virus • Double stranded, circular 42 nm DNA genome;Virion also called Dan…  
SlideShare
about 5 years ago
Preview
1
16

Hepatitis type D, E, F G

• Detected in some HBV infections.;The antigen is found within certain HBsAg particles. • In blood, HDV (delta agent) contains delta-Ag (HDAg) surrounded by an…  
SlideShare
about 5 years ago
0
1
19

WHO | World Health Assembly approves resolution on hepatitis and mechanism to coordinate noncommunicable disease response

The World Health Assembly approved a resolution to improve the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis and proposals to improve global coordination of efforts to address noncommunicable diseases like diabetes, cancers, heart disease and stroke.  
who.int
about 5 years ago
Static.www.bmj
1
23

Response from Hepatitis C Trust, BASL, BIA, BVHG, BSG, and BHIVA to article asking whether widespread screening for hepatitis C is justified

Koretz and colleagues argue that hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening should be delayed.1 We disagree. HCV transmission was common in the 1960s-80s, and because mortality occurs 30-40 years after infection deaths will rise exponentially over the next decade.2 Delaying effective intervention will have a massive impact. The authors argue that because a community study showed an increase in liver and non-liver mortality most infected people will not die from HCV. Infection can cause or exacerbate renal disease, diabetes, and dyslipidaemia and treatment reduces all cause mortality,3 indicating that both liver and non-liver related deaths are caused by …  
bmj.com
over 4 years ago
8
0
93

Could these results indicate hepatitis?

Could these results indicate hepatitis? White cell count - 22 x 109/L (4-11) C-reactive protein (CRP)- 256 mg/L (<10) Serum alkaline phosphatase - 178U/L (45-105) Serum gamma glutamyl tranferase - 437 U/L (<50) Serum aspartate aminotransferase - 297 U/L (1-31) Serum total bilirubin - 10 µmol/L (1-22) Serum amylase - 2018 U/L (60-180) Serum urea - 6.7 mmol/L (2.5-7.5) Serum creatinine - 98 µmol/l (60-110) Raised white cell count and CRP indicate inflammation and liver-function tests are abnormal (except bilirubin). Would abnormal ALP, AST & GGT indicate hepatitis or does a normal bilirubin indicate normal breakdown of red cells & therefore normal liver function? Though my real problem here is I know that these are liver function tests, but not WHY they are liver function tests (and therefore how else abnormal results could occur...) Cheers.  
b d
over 6 years ago
7
0
13

What is the most likely diagnosis?

Female patient 19 years old came to outpatient clinic with goitre, type 1 DM since one month, and hepatosplenomegally in ultrasound. Hepatitis markers are negative. What is the most likely diagnosis? That's the case which I was asked today!  
Mohammad Hamouda
over 6 years ago
Foo20151013 2023 1yay1i5?1444774184
1
94

Consultantitis - Part 1

consultant NOUN a person who provides expert advice professionally: he acted as campaign consultant to the president [OFTEN AS MODIFIER] British a hospital doctor of senior rank within a specific field: a consultant paediatrician -itis SUFFIX forming names of inflammatory diseases: cystitis, hepatitis (Origin - from Greek feminine form of adjectives ending in -it?s (combined with nosos 'disease' implied) ) You may not be surprised to hear that the way in which I recently heard the term 'consultantitis' used cannot be understood to mean 'inflammation of the senior hospital doctor'. Although, I wish it was. Professionalism, compassion, transparency, teamwork and communication - all terms that appear to be used with an increasing regularity within the NHS. These are concepts that are not merely taught but preached to medical students today. Why? Well it is nit merely the work of a heavily publicised inquiry into a foundation trust, neither is it the upshot of the medical profession's own Voldemort - he who must not be named (except I will name him - Harold Shipman). Is it then an attempt to heal the wounds within our national health service from within? I hope so. Yet, there are countless more 'isms' and other terms being muttered under the breath of healthcare professionals all over the country. 'Consultantitis' is one that fills me with sadness for one reason in particular: it suggests that those at the top are at the core of some of the problems. Ponder over that for a while, I intend to explain myself further in my next blog post. To be continued****.  
Chantal Cox-George
over 5 years ago
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0
74

Step 1 USMLE Tutorial - Hepatitis

http://www.usmlesuccess.net A detailed look at everything you need to know about Hepatitis; for the USMLE Step 1 exam. Download your FREE Step 1 BIBLE at htt...  
youtube.com
about 4 years ago
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0
12

The CNIO links telomeres to the origins of liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis

Telomeres are DNA regions at the ends of our chromosomes that protect the genetic data of cells, preventing mutations and alterations in the DNA that could potentially cause disease.  
medicalnewstoday.com
about 4 years ago
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0
16

Anticonvulsants for cocaine dependence | Cochrane

Cocaine is an illicit drug available as a powder for intranasal or intravenous use or smoked as crack. Short- and long-term use of this drug results in the spread of infectious diseases (for example, AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis), crime, violence and prenatal drug exposure. Cocaine dependence is associated with medical and psychosocial complications and is a major public health problem. No proven pharmacological treatment for cocaine dependence is known. Antidepressant, anticonvulsant and dopaminergic medications have all been studied. The present review looked at the efficacy and safety of anticonvulsant drugs for treating cocaine dependence, both as a class and individually.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
4
0
13

WHO | WHO calls for urgent action to curb hepatitis

On World Hepatitis Day (28 July) WHO highlights the urgent need for countries to enhance action to prevent viral hepatitis infection and to ensure that people who have been infected are diagnosed and offered treatment. This year, the Organization is focusing particularly on hepatitis B and C, which together cause approximately 80% of all liver cancer deaths and kill close to 1.4 million people every year.  
who.int
almost 4 years ago