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Menopausal hormone therapy does not affect the risk of dying, study shows

Menopausal hormone therapy (HT) does not have a significant effect on death, according to a new review of the medical literature published over the past three decades.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 6 years ago
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More women now using compounded hormones without understanding the risks

From 28% to 68% of women using hormones at menopause take compounded, so-called 'bioidentical' hormones, but women don't understand the risks of these unapproved, untested treatments, shows an...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 6 years ago
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15

Melatonin for pre- and postoperative anxiety in adults | Cochrane

We reviewed the evidence about the effect of melatonin compared to placebo or benzodiazepines ('Valium'-like drugs that reduce anxiety) on pre- and postoperative anxiety in adults undergoing surgery.  
cochrane.org
over 6 years ago
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Corticosteroids for the management of cancer pain in adults | Cochrane

Background: One of the most feared symptoms associated with cancer is pain. Opioids remain the mainstay of pain treatment but corticosteroids are often used at the same time, along with standard pain relievers. This review evaluates the clinical trial evidence up to 29 September 2014 to determine how effective corticosteroids are in treating cancer-related pain in adults and how well tolerated this treatment is for these patients.  
cochrane.org
over 6 years ago
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32

Principles of Medical Physiology

This book has been specifically designed with the needs of the student in mind. Lengthy explanations are avoided and the material is presented in a concise form that not only makes it easy to understand but also easy to remember and reproduce, which is precisely what the student needs. Key features - Short chapters are organized in the sequence preferred by most physiology teachers - The contents of each chapter are tailored to provide just enough material for a single lecture (occasionally two lectures), making it very handy for teachers. (The book contains 120 chapters) - Basics of relevant physics and chemistry are made extremely simple. This is welcomed by both physiology teachers and students, for efficient teaching and learning - Schematic diagrams in 3D perspective are employed to elucidate difficult anatomical concepts, including the gross structure of the brain - Simple analogies of difficult concepts are given, often comically illustrated. Apparent paradoxes are highlighted and simple answers are provided - Difficult topics are presented with elegant simplicity and brevity without compromising on the core concepts. These include membrane electrophysiology, electromyography, hemostatic balance, electrocardiography, cardiac output, hemodynamics, respiratory mechanics, counter-current multiplier system, body fluid and electrolyte balance, gastric acid secretion, calcitropic hormones, fetoplacental unit, memory and learning, synaptic transmission and sensorimotor mechanisms  
books.google.co.uk
over 6 years ago
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Is it better to add long-acting muscarinic antagonists or long-acting beta2-agonists to inhaled corticosteroids for people with uncontrolled asthma? | Cochrane

Differences between long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA) and long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) are mostly small or uncertain, based on studies less than six months in duration. The current evidence is not strong enough to support using LAMA instead of LABA for people whose asthma is not controlled on inhaled corticosteroids.  
cochrane.org
over 6 years ago
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Corticosteroids including ACTH (adrenocorticotrophin hormone) for childhood epilepsy other than epileptic spasms | Cochrane

We wanted to assess whether corticosteroids including ACTH are an effective treatment for children with epilepsy. Corticosteroids are sometimes used as an additional therapy to antiepileptic drugs in children with uncontrolled epilepsy. The role of corticosteroids in children with epilepsy is yet to be established.  
cochrane.org
over 6 years ago
2dbc5d6581670bb40c8358a2835b0ff7e83d98c18406620153204017
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Endocrine hormones and functions

This is a quick guide I made to the hormones, functions, and basic anatomy of the endocrine system. I hope this is helpful!  
Mark M
over 6 years ago
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Repeat doses of prenatal corticosteroids for women at risk of preterm birth for preventing neonatal respiratory disease | Cochrane

This review shows that a repeat dose of prenatal corticosteroids given to women who remain at risk of an early birth after an initial course of prenatal corticosteroids helps the baby's lungs and reduces serious health problems in the first few weeks of life.  
cochrane.org
about 6 years ago
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GI Physiology Notes

Hope you enjoy and keep studying hard - MK  
Mehar Kaillon
about 6 years ago
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Can taking inhaled corticosteroids when needed for symptoms help people with mild asthma from becoming more unwell? | Cochrane

Daily inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the mainstay of medications prescribed for people with asthma who have ongoing difficulty with their breathing. However, for those with a milder form of the condition, it is hard to predict when their asthma will get worse and so many people do not use their inhaler regularly. In this review, we compared the use of ICS used intermittently at the start of an asthma episode with placebo treatment in children and adults with mild asthma (two trials representing 385 participants) and in preschool children deemed to be at risk of developing asthma symptoms in the future (four trials representing 490 participants).  
cochrane.org
about 6 years ago