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Immunization

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Vaccines to prevent influenza in healthy adults | Cochrane

We evaluated the effect of immunisation with influenza vaccines on preventing influenza A or B infections (efficacy), influenza-like illness (ILI) and its consequences (effectiveness), and determined whether exposure to influenza vaccines is associated with serious or severe harms. The target populations were healthy adults, including pregnant women and newborns.  
cochrane.org
over 5 years ago
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California moves closer to tightening child vaccination laws

State education committee passes a bill banning parents exempting kids from vaccination because of "personal beliefs", as lawmakers around the world discuss similar measures  
feeds.newscientist.com
over 5 years ago
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Measles outbreak prompts hard-line strategies on vaccination

Mandatory jabs and the withdrawal of welfare payments are some of the ways governments are dealing with parents who refuse to get their children vaccinated  
feeds.newscientist.com
over 5 years ago
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Flu vaccines for preventing cardiovascular disease | Cochrane

Flu infection may make cardiovascular disease (e.g. heart attack, stroke) and associated death more likely, and flu vaccination may reduce this risk. We included randomised studies comparing people receiving flu vaccine with those receiving no vaccine (placebo or no treatment). For this review update, we found eight trials studying 12,029 participants. Four of these studies examined patients with known heart disease (1682 participants), and the other four focused on the general population or elderly people (10,347 participants). The general population studies reported cardiovascular disease outcomes as part of their safety analyses, but the numbers of cases were too few to allow a judgement on whether flu vaccination was protective in these populations, and no differences were seen between groups. Overall, studies in people with heart disease suggest that flu vaccination may reduce death as a result of cardiovascular disease and may reduce combined cardiovascular disease events (such as heart attacks, strokes, necessity for bypass operations, etc.). However, these studies were small and had some risk of bias, so larger studies of better quality are needed to confirm the results.  
cochrane.org
over 5 years ago
Sinaiem dark
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the-trouble-with-wheezing

4 month-old M PMH low birth weight presents with a 3 day history cough and runny nose.  Today his mother reports a low grade fever.  His immunizations are up to date. He has no known sick contacts, but he attends day care. His respiratory rate is 39 and is coughing frequently. On lung exam he has mild wheezes, but sp O2 is 96% on room air. The remainder of his physical exam is normal. His nasal swab is positive for RSV and you make the diagnosis of bronchiolitis. What factors may cause you to admit the child for apnea observation?  
sinaiem.org
about 5 years ago
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Haemophilus influenzae type B and viral influenza vaccinations during pregnancy for improving maternal, neonatal and infant health outcomes | Cochrane

Maternal immunisation with Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) and viral influenza vaccines may reduce the risk of infections in mothers and infants, however, this is an area of controversy. Both infections can cause severe pneumonia and deaths among children under five years of age, particularly in developing countries. Rates of influenza-associated complications and consequent hospitalisations are substantially higher among pregnant women, infants and newborns. Pregnant women who are vaccinated against influenza have protective levels of anti-influenza antibodies, which can be passively transferred to the infant to improve their health outcomes. Infants of immune mothers usually have influenza symptoms that are delayed in onset and of shorter duration. This review investigated whether vaccinating pregnant women with Hib and viral influenza vaccinations during pregnancy could reduce the risk of infection among mothers and babies and improve health outcomes for both.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Vaccines for preventing severe salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease | Cochrane

Salmonella organisms are probably second only to pneumococcus among bacterial causes of infection in people with sickle cell disease. Infection with these bacteria can lead to complications and reduce the quality of life of people with the disease and sometimes result in death. Immunization with salmonella vaccines is one of the interventions available to reduce infection by these bacteria. There are different types of vaccines available: the inactivated vaccines and the oral vaccines. We did not find any randomized controlled trials assessing these vaccines in people with sickle cell diseases. We therefore conclude that there is a need for a randomized controlled trial to assess the benefits and risks of the different types of vaccines to evaluate the potential for improving survival and decreasing mortality from salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Vaccination schedule - Vaccinations - NHS Choices

Find out which vaccinations are offered on the NHS, the age you should ideally have them, and optional vaccinations for special risk groups.  
nhs.uk
about 5 years ago
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Chapter 3: VACCINATION

This technology review presents the lattest understanding of Newcastle disease, its characteristics, epidemiology, symptoms and control. It will be of practical value to state and private veterinarians and to all those involved with rural poultry production who wish to control this disease.  
fao.org
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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UK vaccine damage scheme must pay £120 000 to boy who developed narcolepsy after swine flu vaccination

A 12 year old boy who developed narcolepsy and cataplexy after being vaccinated against swine flu at age 7 has been awarded £120 000 (€165 000; $186 000) in compensation, in a ruling that opens the way for dozens of similar awards from the United Kingdom’s statutory vaccine damage compensation scheme.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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UK vaccine damage scheme must pay £120 000 to boy who developed narcolepsy after swine flu vaccination

A 12 year old boy who developed narcolepsy and cataplexy after being vaccinated against swine flu at age 7 has been awarded £120 000 (€165 000; $186 000) in compensation, in a ruling that opens the way for dozens of similar awards from the United Kingdom’s statutory vaccine damage compensation scheme.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
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UK vaccine damage scheme must pay £120 000 to boy who developed narcolepsy after swine flu vaccination

A 12 year old boy who developed narcolepsy and cataplexy after being vaccinated against swine flu at age 7 has been awarded £120 000 (€165 000; $186 000) in compensation, in a ruling that opens the way for dozens of similar awards from the United Kingdom’s statutory vaccine damage compensation scheme.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
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Polio vaccinations

Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT...  
youtube.com
about 5 years ago
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Vaccinations Health Rant

Anti-Vaccine... Pro-Vaccine... No matter which side you fall on... you can't deny the facts. Parents... PLEASE STOP VACCINATING YOUR CHILDREN! We're losing a...  
youtube.com
about 5 years ago
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Needle size for vaccination procedures in children and adolescents | Cochrane

Vaccines contain antigens that make our immune system produce antibodies that can protect against disease. Antigens are modified or partial forms of the virus, bacteria, or the toxin that cause the disease that the vaccine protects against. Because the antigen is altered from its original form it cannot cause disease, but it can produce an immune response.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Family Medicine Obstetrics

Whether you offer comprehensive pregnancy care in your primary care facility, or provide prenatal and postpartum care, this book delivers the guidance you need to optimize health for both mothers and their babies. It covers all aspects of birth care, from preconception counseling and prenatal care, through labor and delivery (both low-risk and complicated), to postpartum care and the first month of life. The completely revised third edition includes the most up-to- date, evidence-based standards of care. It offers information that is patient centered, prevention oriented, educational, and sensitive to the care of the whole woman and her family.Features a reader-friendly outline/narrative format for ease of use in daily clinical practice. Describes how to care for patients with a wide range of medical conditions during pregnancy as well as pregnancy-related conditions. Takes a whole-family approach to maternity care, with discussions of maternal and paternal adjustment, marital adjustment, sibling adjustment, single-parent families, and return-to-work issues. Provides patient and family education materials on a full range of topics, from nutrition in pregnancy to breastfeeding.Features a section on alternative medicine in maternity care. Provides detailed instruction for a wide array of procedures, including cesarean delivery, perineal repair of simple and complex lacerations, circumcision, assisted deliveries, and amnioinfusion.A continued strong emphasis on evidence-based medicine includes an ongoing summary of Level A recommendations throughout the text.A new chapter summarizes practical applications of how to incorporate continuous quality improvement and enhanced medical safety into the maternity care setting.A new section details which immunizations can be used safely during pregnancy.A section on "Centering Pregnancy" discusses this new model of care and how it incorporates longitudinal group.  
books.google.co.uk
about 5 years ago
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Indian paediatricians ask government to add mumps vaccine to immunisation programme

The Indian Academy of Paediatrics has asked India’s health ministry to add the mumps vaccine to the free childhood immunisation programme, saying that this viral infection is a serious public health concern.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
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Indian paediatricians ask government to add mumps vaccine to immunisation programme

The Indian Academy of Paediatrics has asked India’s health ministry to add the mumps vaccine to the free childhood immunisation programme, saying that this viral infection is a serious public health concern.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago