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Antibiotics to promote growth in children?

Overt infections are a leading cause of death worldwide in children under 5,1 and strategies to prevent and treat infections are a cornerstone of child survival programmes. Recent assessments suggest that despite a net increase in the size of birth cohorts, the number of children dying before their fifth birthday has fallen to 6.6 million (uncertainty range 6.3-7.0 million) per year, a 45% reduction from almost 12 million deaths in 1990.2 In contrast, the fall in undernutrition has been modest at best. An estimated 165 million children under 5 were stunted in 2011 and an estimated 52 million severely wasted; almost 45% of the current burden from child mortality in under 5s can be attributed to malnutrition.3 Although many risk factors for early child mortality are well recognised, the mechanisms underlying chronic enteropathy and growth failure among children in low and middle income countries remain uncertain.4  
www.bmj.com
over 5 years ago
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1
4

A 21st century nosocomial issue with endoscopes

Endoscopic procedures provide lifesaving diagnostic information, but do they put patients at unnecessary risk of deadly infection from cross contamination?  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
65

Ordering and interpreting hepatitis B serology

The authors explore how doctors in primary care can identify, investigate, and refer patients with hepatitis B infection  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
22

Antibiotics to promote growth in children?

Overt infections are a leading cause of death worldwide in children under 5,1 and strategies to prevent and treat infections are a cornerstone of child survival programmes. Recent assessments suggest that despite a net increase in the size of birth cohorts, the number of children dying before their fifth birthday has fallen to 6.6 million (uncertainty range 6.3-7.0 million) per year, a 45% reduction from almost 12 million deaths in 1990.2 In contrast, the fall in undernutrition has been modest at best. An estimated 165 million children under 5 were stunted in 2011 and an estimated 52 million severely wasted; almost 45% of the current burden from child mortality in under 5s can be attributed to malnutrition.3 Although many risk factors for early child mortality are well recognised, the mechanisms underlying chronic enteropathy and growth failure among children in low and middle income countries remain uncertain.4  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
20

Infection with polyomavirus JC

The recent discovery of new neurological syndromes that result from neuronal infection with polyomavirus JC, also known as JC virus, and the presence of this virus in the grey matter are currently under debate.1 It has been suggested that JC virus is associated with cognitive decline, dementia, strokes, and brain tumours,2 and this hypothesis has been commented on in the BMJ.3  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
8

Ordering and interpreting hepatitis B serology

The authors explore how doctors in primary care can identify, investigate, and refer patients with hepatitis B infection  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
8
1
3

WHO | WHO issues its first hepatitis C treatment guidelines

WHO has issued its first guidance for the treatment of hepatitis C, a chronic infection that affects an estimated 130 million to 150 million people and results in 350 000 to 500 000 deaths a year.  
who.int
over 5 years ago
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Syphilis cases on the rise across north Wales - BBC News

There has been a huge rise in cases of the sexually transmitted infection syphilis in north Wales, according to health experts.  
BBC News
over 5 years ago
12
1
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WHO | Good hand hygiene by health workers protects patients from drug resistant infections

On Hand Hygiene Day (5 May), WHO urges health workers to practice good hand hygiene when caring for patients, to protect them from contracting infections in health facilities. Initial results from a new WHO global survey confirm that these infections are often resistant to the antibiotics used to treat them.  
www.who.int
over 5 years ago
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1
32

Cochlear implants for children and adults with severe to profound deafness | 2-Clinical-need-and-practice | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

2.1 Hearing loss may be caused by interference with the transmission of sound from the outer to the inner ear (conductive hearing loss) or damage within the cochlea, the auditory nerve or auditory centres in the brain (sensorineural hearing loss). In adults the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss is presbycusis. This is a progressive condition caused by the loss of function of hair cells in the inner ear, leading to deafness. Hearing loss in adults may also be caused by excessive exposure to noise, or by ototoxic drugs, metabolic disorders, infections or genetic factors. Severe to profound hearing loss in children may have a genetic aetiology, or have prenatal, perinatal or postnatal causes. These include conditions such as meningitis and viral infection of the inner ear (for example, rubella or measles), as well as premature birth and congenital infections. Deafness that occurs before the development of language is described as prelingual, whereas deafness that occurs after the development of language is described as postlingual.  
publications.nice.org.uk
over 5 years ago
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1
12

Ophthalmology Finding: Endophthalmitis from blebitis (ophthalmology)

This eye is suffering from endophthalmitis (a serious eye infection) that occured after a trabeculectomy bleb became infected.  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
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2
63

HIV: Basic Function of Immune System

This animation describes the various types of white blood cells and how they contribute to your body's immunity and defence against infection. Special attent...  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
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1
25

Shoulder Infection, Propionibacterium Acne - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

Educational video describing shoulder infection Propionibacterium Acnes. Become a friend on facebook: http://www.facebook.com/drebraheim Follow me on twitter...  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
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1
27

What Sepsis Is [UndergroundMed]

For more videos, check out our website at: http://videos.undergroundmed.net/  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
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3
90

Microbiology Review- BACTERIAL CELL WALL

This lecture covers bacterial cell wall structure and functions. How bacteria causes infections and develop anitbiotic resistance.  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
4

Pulmonary abscess

Pulmonary abscesses occur when part of the lung tissue dies (caused by damage or infection) and gets trapped in a layer of hard tissue in the lung. Learn wha...  
YouTube
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
7

Prostate cancer 'may be a sexually transmitted disease' - BBC News

A sexually transmitted infection may trigger prostate cancer in men, say scientists who have studied the pathogen in question, but experts say proof is still lacking.  
BBC News
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
16

Whom should we “test and treat” for Helicobacter pylori?

The possibility that peptic ulcer and gastric cancer could be an infectious disease would have been dismissed as ridiculous 30 years ago. We now realise that Helicobacter pylori infection is the major cause of both. As H pylori infection has been implicated in various upper gastrointestinal diseases, testing for the bacterium non-invasively and treating infected individuals (“test and treat”) has become widespread. The key question is in which group of patients is this approach appropriate?  
bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
17

Whom should we “test and treat” for Helicobacter pylori?

The possibility that peptic ulcer and gastric cancer could be an infectious disease would have been dismissed as ridiculous 30 years ago. We now realise that Helicobacter pylori infection is the major cause of both. As H pylori infection has been implicated in various upper gastrointestinal diseases, testing for the bacterium non-invasively and treating infected individuals (“test and treat”) has become widespread. The key question is in which group of patients is this approach appropriate?  
bmj.com
about 5 years ago