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InfectiousDiseases

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Syphilis

 
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over 7 years ago
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103

Infective Endocarditis

This is a condition caused by infection of the endocardium by bacteria, or rarely, fungus. It most commonly affects the heart valves (natural or prosthetic), but can occur anywhere along the lining of the heart or blood vessels. It will most commonly occur at sites of previous damage, however, particularly virulent organisms (such as staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pneumoniae) can infect previously normal areas of tissue; for example, Staph. Aureus will commonly infect the tricuspid valve in IV drug users.    
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over 7 years ago
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229

Atypical Bacteria

 
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868

Gram Negative Bacteria

Infographic showing classification of Gram Negative Bacteria  
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134

Spirochaetaceae

Classification of Spirochaetes (spirochaetaceae Bacteria). Infographic  
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over 7 years ago
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Giardiasis

Organism Giardia lamblia Flagellate protozoan – lives in duodenum or jejunum. Incubation= 7days-3months   Transmission Faecal-oral/ from pets or birds (humans are main reservoir of infection)   Typically from drinking water contaminated with giardia cysts (killed by boiling but NOT chlorination)   Epidemiology Prevalence approx. 20-30% in developing countries  
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over 7 years ago
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33

Leishmaniasis

 
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Leprosy(3)
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Leprosy

 
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Leptospirosis

 
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over 7 years ago
Lyme disease
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Lyme Disease

 
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Malaria
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Malaria

 
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Rabies
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Rabies

 
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Schistomiasis

 
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over 7 years ago
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Sepsis and SIRS

Definitions. Before discussing SIRS along with the various sepsis syndromes, it is important to understand some basic definitions. Infection: This is the inflammatory response initiated by the presence of a micro-organisms in normally sterile tissue. Bacteraemia: The presence of live bacteria in the blood stream. This can occur in a healthy individual and present with no symptoms. Common causes include surgery, dental procedures and even tooth brushing.  
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over 7 years ago
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Toxoplasmosis

 
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over 7 years ago
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Trypanosomiasis

African Sleeping Sickness Chagas Disease  
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over 7 years ago
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Opportunistic & systemic mycoses tabulated summary

Identical features SPECIE MOLD FORM YEAST FORM Sporothrix schenckii Rosette shape @ Gram stain; septate hyphae w/ conidia in daisy wheel patter Cigar shape Cry…  
SlideShare
over 7 years ago
Www.bmj
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Ordering and interpreting hepatitis B serology

The authors explore how doctors in primary care can identify, investigate, and refer patients with hepatitis B infection  
bmj.com
over 7 years ago
Www.bmj
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Some progress and some missed targets in the TB epidemic

There is promise of new treatments for tuberculosis (TB), although some goals set by the World Health Organization for 2015 are likely to be missed, said Jennifer Philips of New York University Langone Medical Center in remarks made at a TB day symposium on 24 March at the New York Academy of Sciences.  
bmj.com
over 7 years ago
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Antibiotics to promote growth in children?

Overt infections are a leading cause of death worldwide in children under 5,1 and strategies to prevent and treat infections are a cornerstone of child survival programmes. Recent assessments suggest that despite a net increase in the size of birth cohorts, the number of children dying before their fifth birthday has fallen to 6.6 million (uncertainty range 6.3-7.0 million) per year, a 45% reduction from almost 12 million deaths in 1990.2 In contrast, the fall in undernutrition has been modest at best. An estimated 165 million children under 5 were stunted in 2011 and an estimated 52 million severely wasted; almost 45% of the current burden from child mortality in under 5s can be attributed to malnutrition.3 Although many risk factors for early child mortality are well recognised, the mechanisms underlying chronic enteropathy and growth failure among children in low and middle income countries remain uncertain.4  
bmj.com
over 7 years ago