New to Meducation?
Sign up
Already signed up? Log In

Category

Preview
0
7

Endobronchial Coil for Severe Emphysema Can Improve Outcomes

An endobronchial coil, one of the few treatment options available to patients with advanced emphysema and severe lung hyperinflation, improves quality of life, new research shows.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
Preview
0
7

Raw Science 8: Adaptation & Alveoli - Intensive Care Network

How do you squeeze 100 square metres into a 5 litre space? Or fit an A4 sheet of paper into a thimble? Steve Morgan and Sophie Connolly examine the incredible structural adaptation of the human lung down to the alveolus and the elegant physiological model of the alveolar gas equation.  
intensivecarenetwork.com
over 3 years ago
Preview
0
13

Sepsis: pathophysiology and clinical management

Sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock represent increasingly severe systemic inflammatory responses to infection. Sepsis is common in the aging population, and it disproportionately affects patients with cancer and underlying immunosuppression. In its most severe form, sepsis causes multiple organ dysfunction that can produce a state of chronic critical illness characterized by severe immune dysfunction and catabolism. Much has been learnt about the pathogenesis of sepsis at the molecular, cell, and intact organ level. Despite uncertainties in hemodynamic management and several treatments that have failed in clinical trials, investigational therapies increasingly target sepsis induced organ and immune dysfunction. Outcomes in sepsis have greatly improved overall, probably because of an enhanced focus on early diagnosis and fluid resuscitation, the rapid delivery of effective antibiotics, and other improvements in supportive care for critically ill patients. These improvements include lung protective ventilation, more judicious use of blood products, and strategies to reduce nosocomial infections.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
Preview
0
50

Sepsis: pathophysiology and clinical management

Sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock represent increasingly severe systemic inflammatory responses to infection. Sepsis is common in the aging population, and it disproportionately affects patients with cancer and underlying immunosuppression. In its most severe form, sepsis causes multiple organ dysfunction that can produce a state of chronic critical illness characterized by severe immune dysfunction and catabolism. Much has been learnt about the pathogenesis of sepsis at the molecular, cell, and intact organ level. Despite uncertainties in hemodynamic management and several treatments that have failed in clinical trials, investigational therapies increasingly target sepsis induced organ and immune dysfunction. Outcomes in sepsis have greatly improved overall, probably because of an enhanced focus on early diagnosis and fluid resuscitation, the rapid delivery of effective antibiotics, and other improvements in supportive care for critically ill patients. These improvements include lung protective ventilation, more judicious use of blood products, and strategies to reduce nosocomial infections.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
Preview
0
6

The Effects of Road Traffic Pollution on Children

Exposure to traffic pollution in children reduces lung function but leaves many questions unanswered.  
medscape.com
about 3 years ago
Preview
1
23

Diagnosis and Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults - American Family Physician

Community-acquired pneumonia is diagnosed by clinical features (e.g., cough, fever, pleuritic chest pain) and by lung imaging, usually an infiltrate seen on chest radiography. Initial evaluation should determine the need for hospitalization versus outpatient management using validated mortality or severity prediction scores. Selected diagnostic laboratory testing, such as sputum and blood cultures, is indicated for inpatients with severe illness but is rarely useful for outpatients. Initial outpatient therapy should include a macrolide or doxycycline. For outpatients with comorbidities or who have used antibiotics within the previous three months, a respiratory fluoroquinolone (levofloxacin, gemifloxacin, or moxifloxacin), or an oral beta-lactam antibiotic plus a macrolide should be used. Inpatients not admitted to an intensive care unit should receive a respiratory fluoroquinolone, or a beta-lactam antibiotic plus a macrolide. Patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia or who are admitted to the intensive care unit should be treated with a beta-lactam antibiotic, plus azithromycin or a respiratory fluoroquinolone. Those with risk factors for Pseudomonas should be treated with a beta-lactam antibiotic (piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem/cilastatin, meropenem, doripenem, or cefepime), plus an aminoglycoside and azithromycin or an antipseudomonal fluoroquinolone (levofloxacin or ciprofloxacin). Those with risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus should be given vancomycin or linezolid. Hospitalized patients may be switched from intravenous to oral antibiotics after they have clinical improvement and are able to tolerate oral medications, typically in the first three days. Adherence to the Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia has been shown to improve patient outcomes. Physicians should promote pneumococcal and influenza vaccination as a means to prevent community-acquired pneumonia and pneumococcal bacteremia.  
aafp.org
about 3 years ago
Preview
0
7

Deaths caused by lung disease have not decreased over past decade, shows UK study

The number of people dying from lung disease has barely changed in a decade, and rates of some lung conditions are far higher than previously thought, a comprehensive report from the British Lung Foundation has shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 3 years ago
Preview
0
8

Deaths caused by lung disease have not decreased over past decade, shows UK study

The number of people dying from lung disease has barely changed in a decade, and rates of some lung conditions are far higher than previously thought, a comprehensive report from the British Lung Foundation has shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 3 years ago
Preview
0
9

Diagnosing cancer early is vital, new figures show

The survival of patients with specific types of cancer, especially lung and ovarian cancer, is substantially lower when diagnosed at a later stage than when diagnosed at an early stage, figures from the Office for National Statistics and Public Health England have shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 3 years ago
Preview
0
9

Diagnosing cancer early is vital, new figures show

The survival of patients with specific types of cancer, especially lung and ovarian cancer, is substantially lower when diagnosed at a later stage than when diagnosed at an early stage, figures from the Office for National Statistics and Public Health England have shown.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 3 years ago
Preview
1
14

Stethoscope - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body. It typically has a small disc-shaped resonator that is placed against the chest, and two tubes connected to earpieces. It is often used to listen to lung and heart sounds. It is also used to listen to intestines and blood flow in arteries and veins. In combination with a sphygmomanometer, it is commonly used for measurements of blood pressure. Less commonly, "mechanic's stethoscopes" are used to listen to internal sounds made by machines, such as diagnosing a malfunctioning automobile engine by listening to the sounds of its internal parts. Stethoscopes can also be used to check scientific vacuum chambers for leaks, and for various other small-scale acoustic monitoring tasks. A stethoscope that intensifies auscultatory sounds is called phonendoscope.  
en.wikipedia.org
about 3 years ago
Preview
1
8

Physical Examination - Advanced Pulmonary Examination

here in this video is how to examine the lung after doing basic examination  
youtube.com
about 3 years ago
Preview
1
10

Pneumococcal Vaccination

Pneumococcal disease is a serious infection that affects the lungs, as well as other parts of the body. You can protect yourself against this illness by gett...  
youtube.com
about 3 years ago