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MassScreening

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Static.www.bmj
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19

Influence of blood prostate specific antigen levels at age 60 on benefits and harms of prostate cancer screening: population based cohort study

Objective To determine the relative risks of prostate cancer incidence, metastasis, and mortality associated with screening by serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels at age 60.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
10

Lung cancer screening with low dose computed tomography

Lung cancer is a health problem that clearly merits a screening programme. Each year about 35 000 people in the United Kingdom die from lung cancer—more than the number for colorectal and breast cancer combined. In addition, about three quarters of people present with incurable disease, at a stage when treatment has little effect on overall survival; early stage disease is curable; risk factors for lung cancer are well understood; and a highly sensitive screening test is available.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
12

Lung cancer screening with low dose computed tomography

Lung cancer is a health problem that clearly merits a screening programme. Each year about 35 000 people in the United Kingdom die from lung cancer—more than the number for colorectal and breast cancer combined. In addition, about three quarters of people present with incurable disease, at a stage when treatment has little effect on overall survival; early stage disease is curable; risk factors for lung cancer are well understood; and a highly sensitive screening test is available.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
25

PSA screening for prostate cancer

Few healthcare issues have generated as much controversy as prostate specific antigen (PSA) based screening for prostate cancer.1 2 Enthusiasm for such screening is high in part because a seemingly simple blood test can lead to early detection and treatment of a common and potentially lethal disease. Screening has resulted in a noticeable increase in incidence of prostate cancer and near universal active treatment for screen detected disease. However, recent science shows that screening for prostate cancer, as with all screening strategies, is a complex process and double-edged sword. This provides the background for the linked paper by Carlsson and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.g2296).3 Though some men may benefit from screening, many more are harmed by testing and the cascade of diagnostic and treatment related events that follow. Further, men and society bear the financial costs of this screening cascade.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
18

Effect of screening sigmoidoscopy and screening colonoscopy on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies

Objectives To review, summarise, and compare the evidence for effectiveness of screening sigmoidoscopy and screening colonoscopy in the prevention of colorectal cancer occurrence and deaths.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
21

MPs call for newborn muscular dystrophy test - BBC News

A group of MPs calls for the government to allow a newborn screening test for the deadly muscle-wasting condition Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.  
BBC News
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
17

Cervical cancer screening trials in India spark controversy

A report on three clinical trials of screening for cervical cancer in India has provoked controversy, as it showed that 254 women in the unscreened groups had died of the disease. The report, published on 17 April in the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, sparked accusations that the trials were not ethical.1  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Preview
0
22

Global child health: Screening and interventions for children with disabilities

Stream Global child health: Screening and interventions for children with disabilities by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
12

Cervical screening in women who were sexually abused as children

Stream Cervical screening in women who were sexually abused as children by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
12

Premature labour: blood test gives hope of screening - BBC News

Scientists have developed a blood test which can predict whether women having early contractions will go on to give birth too soon.  
BBC News
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
3

In brief

Only two in five people return bowel screening test kits regularly: A study of over 60 000 people in southern England aged 60-64 years found that 70% sent back at least one bowel screening test kit over six years but that only 44% sent back all three tests.1 It also found that people from more deprived backgrounds were less likely to take part in bowel cancer screening than those from affluent backgrounds. Tests need to be done every two years to maximise the chance of detecting cancer.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
5

Guidelines underestimate US cervical cancer rates and older women’s risk, study finds

Rates of invasive cervical cancer in the United States may be considerably higher than generally thought and may continue to rise after age 65—the age at which many guidelines say that screening may be stopped—a new study says.1 The study also found wide differences in these rates between racial groups.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
11

Guidelines underestimate US cervical cancer rates and older women’s risk, study finds

Rates of invasive cervical cancer in the United States may be considerably higher than generally thought and may continue to rise after age 65—the age at which many guidelines say that screening may be stopped—a new study says.1 The study also found wide differences in these rates between racial groups.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
27

Screening for lung cancer using low dose computed tomography

Screening for lung cancer with low dose computed tomography can reduce mortality from the disease by 20% in high risk smokers. This review covers the state of the art knowledge on several aspects of implementing a screening program. The most important are to identify people who are at high enough risk to warrant screening and the appropriate management of lung nodules found at screening. An accurate risk prediction model is more efficient than age and pack years of smoking alone at identifying those who will develop lung cancer and die from the disease. Algorithms are available for assessing people who screen positive to determine who needs additional imaging or invasive investigations. Concerns about low dose computed tomography screening include false positive results, overdiagnosis, radiation exposure, and costs. Further work is needed to define the frequency and duration of screening and to refine risk prediction models so that they can be used to assess the risk of lung cancer in special populations. Another important area is the use of computer vision software tools to facilitate high throughput interpretation of low dose computed tomography images so that costs can be reduced and the consistency of scan interpretation can be improved. Sufficient data are available to support the implementation of screening programs at the population level in stages that can be expanded when found to perform well to improve the outcome of patients with lung cancer.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Preview
2
29

Global child health: Screening and interventions for children with disabilities

Stream Global child health: Screening and interventions for children with disabilities by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
28

Are you responsible for pre-season screening and injury prevention in a football setting?

Stream Are you responsible for pre-season screening and injury prevention in a football setting? by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
over 5 years ago
Preview
1
9

Cervical screening in women who were sexually abused as children

Stream Cervical screening in women who were sexually abused as children by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
3

Managing the care of adults with Down’s syndrome

The approach to primary care for adults with Down’s syndrome is similar to that for the general adult population, with the addition of screening for conditions specific to Down’s syndrome  
bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
1
11

Ebola screening begins at Heathrow airport - BBC News

Passengers arriving at Heathrow airport from Ebola-affected countries have been screened by health officials for symptoms of the virus.  
BBC News
about 5 years ago
Preview
1
0

Ebola crisis: 'I was screened for Ebola at Heathrow' - BBC News

Documentary maker Clive Patterson was one of the people screened for Ebola at Heathrow as screening measures came into force.  
BBC News
about 5 years ago