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Treating all teeth (full mouth) within 24 hours for chronic gum disease (periodontitis) in adults | Cochrane

Long lasting (chronic) gum disease causes damage to the gums and soft tissue structures around teeth. This review seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of full-mouth treatments carried out within 24 hours compared to the more conventional treatment of partial mouth scaling and root planing (SRP) usually done over a number of weeks. The treatments being reviewed are full-mouth scaling (FMS) and full-mouth disinfection (FMD). A secondary aim was to establish if there was a difference in effectiveness between FMS and FMD. This review updates our previous review published in 2008.  
cochrane.org
over 5 years ago
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Ustekinumab and briakinumab for the treatment of active Crohn's disease | Cochrane

What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's disease is a long-term (chronic) inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Symptoms include abdominal pain, non-bloody diarrhea and weight loss.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Do vaginal packing, tranexamic acid, interventional radiology or other interventions control vaginal bleeding in women with advanced cervical cancer? | Cochrane

Background: Cervical cancer (cancer of the neck of the womb) is the second most common cancer among women throughout the world, accounting for about 500,000 new detected cases and 273,000 deaths every year. Women more commonly present with advanced disease in the developing world, where access to cervical screening programmes is limited. Advanced cancer of the cervix may not be curable and women often need treatment to control distressing symptoms (palliation), such as vaginal bleeding. Bleeding can be severe enough to be life threatening in women with advanced cervical cancer. Management of vaginal bleeding often poses a challenge, especially in the developing world, where access to radiotherapy is limited. Options for palliative treatment of severe vaginal bleeding include interventional radiology treatment (using x-rays to guide the insertion of 'plugs' into blood vessels supplying the cancer) or vaginal packing (where gauze is compacted into the vagina to absorb the blood and apply pressure directly to the cervix), although these are often only partly effective and may cause harm. Vaginal packs can be soaked with formalin, which is a preservative chemical. Other options for treating severe vaginal bleeding include tranexamic acid (a medicine that reduces bleeding that can be given by mouth or by injection) and radiotherapy (high-energy x-ray treatment).  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Clinical symptoms, signs and tests for identification of impending and current water-loss dehydration in older people | Cochrane

Water-loss dehydration results from drinking too little fluid. It is common in older people and associated with increased risk of many health problems. We wanted to find out whether simple tests (like skin turgor, dry mouth, urine colour and bioelectrical impedance) can usefully tell us whether an older person (aged at least 65 years) is drinking enough. Within the review we assessed 67 different tests, but no tests were consistently useful in telling us whether older people are drinking enough, or are dehydrated. Some tests did appear useful in some studies, and these promising tests should be re-checked to see whether they are useful in specific older populations. There was sufficient evidence to suggest that some tests should not be used to indicate dehydration. Tests that should not be used include dry mouth, feeling thirsty, heart rate, urine colour, and urine volume.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Gastrointestinal (GI) Motility

GI Motitility In the Mouth and Esophagus GI Motitility In the Stomach GI Motitility In the Small Intestine GI Motitility In the Large Intestine Regulation of GI Motility  
austincc.edu
about 5 years ago
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fool-me-once

A 2 year old male presents with his mother with after mom saw him put something metallic in his mouth. He has no past medical problems and does not appear in any distress. His lung sounds are clear bilaterally, SpO2 99% on room air. You obtain a PA and lateral radiograph.  
sinaiem.org
about 5 years ago
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Budesonide for treatment of people with active Crohn's disease. | Cochrane

What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's disease is a debilitating long-term (chronic) inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Symptoms include abdominal pain, non-bloody diarrhea and weight loss. The most common initial treatment of the Crohn's disease is oral steroid therapy. Unfortunately, traditional steroids are usually absorbed into the body and cause significant unwanted side effects. These may include but are not limited to weight gain, diabetes, growth retardation, acne, mood instability, and high blood pressure. When people with Crohn's disease are experiencing symptoms of the disease it is said to be ‘active’; periods when the symptoms stop are called ‘remission’.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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BrainPort V100 Turns Your Tongue Into an Eye |

If you can't see with your eyes, a device just approved by the FDA will now help you see with your tongue. The BrainPort V100 from Wicab, a Middleton, Wisc  
medgadget.com
about 5 years ago
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Raigmore nil by mouth patient choked to death on food - BBC News

A patient considered not well enough to swallow solid food choked to death after he was mistakenly given lunch, a court is told.  
bbc.co.uk
about 5 years ago
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Single dose oral diclofenac for acute postoperative pain in adults | Cochrane

Acute pain is often felt soon after injury. Most people who have surgery have moderate or severe pain afterwards. Painkillers are tested in people with pain, often following a painful condition such as the removal of wisdom teeth. This pain is usually treated with painkillers taken by mouth. We believe these results can be applied to other acute painful conditions.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Lidocaine for prevention of a sore throat following an operation under general anaesthetic | Cochrane

We reviewed the evidence of the effect of lidocaine for preventing a sore throat in people following an operation under general anaesthetic. (General anaesthetics are medicines used to send people asleep. They can be given via an intravenous line (IV) into the person's veins, via a mask, or via an endotracheal tube placed through the mouth past the larynx (voicebox) into the trachea. In this review the anaesthetic was given via an endotracheal tube.)  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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Single dose oral ibuprofen plus caffeine for acute postoperative pain in adults | Cochrane

Acute pain is often felt soon after injury. Most people who have surgery have moderate or severe pain afterwards. Painkillers (analgesics) are tested in people with pain, often following the removal of wisdom teeth. This pain is usually treated with painkillers taken by mouth. Results can be applied to other forms of acute pain.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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"Dry drowning" the summer medical oxymoron

Undoubtedly you will see a child with a “near drowning” if you work in the ED during the summer. Most children are fine, even those that received some back blows, mouth to mouth or some semblance of bystander rescue maneuvers. Asymptomatic children (no respiratory symptoms) can be safely discharged home. Those that are having difficulty breathing or other symptoms should receive appropriate respiratory support and be followed closely clinically and with chest x-rays when the situation changes. All symptomatic children should be admitted to the hospital.  
pemcincinnati.com
about 5 years ago
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Suction Assisted Supraglottic Airway Insertion by Dr Jim DuCanto

Brief note to accompany this post: Supraglottic airway insertion can prove problematic in some cases due to limited mouth opening or large tongue relative to oral and pharyngeal cavity. In both cases, the path from lips to hypopharynx is restricted with regard to insertion of a SGA, potentially requiring the care giver to insert their…  
prehospitalmed.com
almost 5 years ago
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Oral fumaric acid esters for the treatment of psoriasis | Cochrane

Psoriasis is a long-term inflammatory skin condition that can markedly reduce the quality of life of affected individuals. Treatments taken by mouth (oral treatments), such as methotrexate, ciclosporin, and acitretin, are commonly prescribed to people with moderate to severe psoriasis. Oral fumaric acid esters (FAE) are licensed for the treatment of psoriasis in Germany but remain unlicensed in most other countries. This means that there are different treatment options offered to people in different countries.  
cochrane.org
almost 5 years ago
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At Children's Medical Center, A Step Toward Treating Long Breaks In A Baby's Esophagus

Connecticut Children's Medical Center, beginning a journey to save the lives of babies born with long breaks in their esophagus, has become the country's first pediatric hospital to acquire a device that can grow the tissue to close the gap in the tube from the baby's mouth to the stomach.  
courant.com
almost 5 years ago
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A review of techniques for tubal sterilisation (blocking the fallopian tubes) | Cochrane

Tubal sterilisation prevents pregnancy by stopping the woman's unfertilised eggs from passing through the fallopian tubes to be fertilised by sperm. Techniques to close the tubes include cutting and tying them (partial salpingectomy), blocking them mechanically by using clips or rings, or by applying electric current (electrocoagulation) to damage and block them, and blocking them by using chemicals or tubal inserts (inserted via the mouth of the womb) that cause tubal scarring.  
cochrane.org
almost 5 years ago
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tactile-bougie-blind-digital-intubation

Circumstances that this will be helpful Impossible visualization with fluids blocking direct or indirect views Direct view not possible; inability to access head of patient Dependent on Intubator’s length and size of fingers/hands; Patient’s airway anatomy allows fingers to reach the glottis, smaller patients Requires adequate mouth opening; no teeth is easier Requires patient not…  
prehospitalmed.com
almost 5 years ago
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EMA Starts Safety Review of Fusafungine Nasal, Mouth Sprays

The review was prompted by reports of an increase in serious allergic reactions including anaphylactic reactions in children and adults.  
medscape.com
almost 5 years ago
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Tongue Deviation Lesion - Cerebral Artery - GUWS Medical

I. THE OLFACTORY NERVE, the first cranial nerve CN I Figure 13-1 , mediates olfaction smell . It is the only sensory system that has no precortical relay in  
guwsmedical.info
almost 5 years ago