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Mitochondria are altered in human cell model of Parkinson's disease

Buck Institute research provides tool for testing of potential therapeuticsBased on research in fruit flies, it has long been suspected that the most common mutation...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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World-first cancer drugs could work in larger group of patients

A pioneering class of drugs that target cancers with mutations in the BRCA breast cancer genes could also work against tumours with another type of genetic fault, a new study suggests.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Lives at risk as women are too scared to find out if they carry the 'faulty' BRCA cancer gene mutation

According to new research by leading research charity, Ovarian Cancer Action, a quarter of women say they would choose NOT to be tested for the BRCA gene mutation (which can lead to both...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Evidence points to fallopian-tube origins of ovarian cancers

A new surgical approach that removes the fallopian tubes while sparing the ovaries may provide premenopausal women at high risk for ovarian cancer, particularly those with BRCA1/2 mutations...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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The mutations that cause familial ALS

Mutations in the TBK1 gene can cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a study published this week in Nature Neuroscience.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Gene mutations may predict melanoma response to immunotherapies

Melanoma patients whose tumors test positive for mutations in the NRAS gene were more likely to benefit from new immunotherapy drugs, according to a new study led by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Gene alterations in melanoma may predict immunotherapy outcomes

Among melanoma patients who were treated with immunotherapies, those whose tumors had mutations in the gene NRAS had better response and treatment outcomes than those whose tumors did not have...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Cancer's relentless evolution

All living things--from dandelions to reindeer--evolve over time. Cancer cells are no exception, and are subject to the two overarching mechanisms described by Charles Darwin: chance mutation...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Shedding light on diseases caused by immune system fault

Scientists have discovered how a gene mutation can lead to diseases that occur when the immune system attacks the body by mistake.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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'Real World' data support use of blood test for EGFR mutation in advanced NSCLC

AstraZeneca presented results from two key studies showing the effectiveness of plasma circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) testing for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status in...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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The CNIO links telomeres to the origins of liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis

Telomeres are DNA regions at the ends of our chromosomes that protect the genetic data of cells, preventing mutations and alterations in the DNA that could potentially cause disease.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Large scale sequence analysis yields insights into epidemiology of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance

Only a limited number of surveillance drug-resistance mutations (SDRMs) are responsible for most instances of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)- and nucleoside reverse...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Stanford-led study finds limited mutations involved in transmission of drug-resistant HIV

In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine and their colleagues have found that worldwide only a limited number of mutations are responsible...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Shedding Light On Gout: Repair Of Protein Pump Possible

Johns Hopkins scientists have found out how a gout-linked genetic mutation contributes to the disease: by causing a breakdown in a cellular pump that clears an acidic waste product from the...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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New subsets of lung cancer with KRAS gene mutations identified

Mutations of the KRAS gene are commonly known to lead to cancer. However, deeper understanding of exactly how they do this continues to be explored by cancer researchers.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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One in four advanced lung cancer patients tested for EGFR mutations started on first-line treatment before test results available

Almost one in four patients (24%) with advanced lung cancer in Europe, Asia and the US are not receiving EGFR test results before being started on treatment, researchers report at the European...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Big data key to precision medicine's success

Technological advances are enabling scientists to sequence the genomes of cancer tumors, revealing a detailed portrait of genetic mutations that drive these diseases.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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New genetic clues emerge on origin of Hirschsprung's disease

Rare disorder can spring from common mutations that affect nerve developmentGenetic studies in humans, zebrafish and mice have revealed how two different types of...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Genetic mutation helps explain why, in rare cases, flu can kill

Nobody likes getting the flu, but for some people, fluids and rest aren't enough.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago
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Sildenafil for erectile dysfunction could affect vision of genetically susceptible users

Sildenafil, the active ingredient in the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra®, could cause unusual visual responses in people who carry a common mutation for eye disease and may have long-term...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 5 years ago