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17

FDA moves to regulate e-cigarettes and pipe and hookah tobacco

The US Food and Drug Administration announced on Thursday 24 April that it would propose rules to extend its authority to cover a variety of currently unregulated tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, nicotine gels, water pipe (hookah) tobacco, and dissolvable tobacco products.1 Any future products that meet the statutory definition of a “tobacco product” would also come under its authority, the FDA said.  
bmj.com
almost 6 years ago
Www.bmj
1
28

E-cigarettes are “gateway devices” for smoking among young people, say researchers

Adolescents who use electronic cigarettes were more likely to smoke conventional cigarettes and less likely to quit smoking, a study from the United States has found, leading the researchers to conclude that the nicotine delivery devices are “unlikely to discourage conventional cigarette smoking among youths.”  
bmj.com
almost 6 years ago
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14

Should smokers be advised to cut down as well as quit?

Paul Aveyard and Nicola Lindson-Hawley say that reducing smoking is a worthwhile step towards cessation, but Gerard Hastings and Marisa de Andrade argue that the lifelong nicotine replacement therapy being recommended in support may benefit industry more than public health  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago
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24

E-cigarettes 'help smokers to quit' - BBC News

Smokers who use e-cigarettes to quit are more likely to succeed than those who use willpower alone or buy nicotine replacement therapies, such as patches or gum, a study suggests.  
BBC News
over 5 years ago
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7

TSRI scientists find that nicotine use increases compulsive alcohol consumption

Why do smokers have a five to ten times greater risk of developing alcohol dependence than nonsmokers?  
medicalnewstoday.com
almost 5 years ago
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3

Scientists find brain circuitry that raises anxiety during nicotine withdrawal

Increased anxiety is common during nicotine withdrawal. After discovering the brain circuitry responsible, scientists suggest ways people trying to quit may avoid the side effect.  
medicalnewstoday.com
almost 5 years ago
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1

American College of Physicians: Ban flavoring and advertising for e-cigarettes

A new position paper from the American College of Physicians (ACP) offers strong recommendations for regulating electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), including banning characterizing...  
medicalnewstoday.com
almost 5 years ago
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4

Experimental e-Cigarette Use in Youth on the Rise

E-cigarette use has been linked to current smoking, but low prevalence of regular use suggests a contribution to nicotine addiction is unlikely.  
medscape.com
almost 5 years ago
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2

Less is better—sometimes

Global cigarette sales are going down. In most rich countries the proportion of adults who smoke is falling. So why aren’t antitobacco activists celebrating? Our feature this week by Jonathan Gornall (doi:10.1136/bmj.h2052) is the first in a series of articles that describe the efforts of the tobacco industry to regain credibility and influence public policy. Many experts say that the hard won successes of the war against tobacco are in danger of being undone. Population growth will be concentrated in countries with poor tobacco control, and population expansion will exceed any decrease in prevalence. Furthermore, tobacco company profits continue to rise, in part because of expansion into a variety of alternative tobacco and nicotine products, particularly electronic cigarettes (doi:10.1136/bmj.h2133).  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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5

Less is better—sometimes

Global cigarette sales are going down. In most rich countries the proportion of adults who smoke is falling. So why aren’t antitobacco activists celebrating? Our feature this week by Jonathan Gornall (doi:10.1136/bmj.h2052) is the first in a series of articles that describe the efforts of the tobacco industry to regain credibility and influence public policy. Many experts say that the hard won successes of the war against tobacco are in danger of being undone. Population growth will be concentrated in countries with poor tobacco control, and population expansion will exceed any decrease in prevalence. Furthermore, tobacco company profits continue to rise, in part because of expansion into a variety of alternative tobacco and nicotine products, particularly electronic cigarettes (doi:10.1136/bmj.h2133).  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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1

In brief

E-cigarette maker to challenge EU rules: Totally Wicked, a Lancashire based manufacturer of electronic cigarettes, has been given the go ahead by the Royal Courts of Justice in London to challenge controls over the production, sale, and marketing of the devices, set to be introduced by the European Union in 2016. The company said that the rules were disproportionate and would deprive consumers of an alternative source of “recreational” nicotine. The case is expected to be heard next autumn.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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2

Medical Concept: Nicotine toxicity, a new trend in toxicology - CanadiEM

Cases of nicotine overdose and accidental ingestion are following a similar rise in popularity. In New Zealand  
boringem.org
over 4 years ago
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0

e-Cigarette Use Tied to Tobacco Use in Teenagers

Teenagers and young adults who started nicotine use with e-cigarettes were significantly more likely to progress to combustible cigarettes.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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0

Combining Varenicline With Nicotine Replacement Therapy

While combination therapy of varenicline with NRT is not recommended by multiple guidelines, this meta-analysis suggests that it is safe and more effective than monotherapy.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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0

E-cigarettes work better than nicotine replacement and willpower to help people quit smoking

Electronic cigarettes could substantially improve public health by making it easier for smokers to quit, concludes a new study that showed a 60% higher quit rate among e-cigarette users than among smokers who relied on willpower alone or nicotine replacement treatments bought over the counter.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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0

Smoking cessation and reduction in people with chronic mental illness

The high prevalence of cigarette smoking and tobacco related morbidity and mortality in people with chronic mental illness is well documented. This review summarizes results from studies of smoking cessation treatments in people with schizophrenia, depression, anxiety disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder. It also summarizes experimental studies aimed at identifying biopsychosocial mechanisms that underlie the high smoking rates seen in people with these disorders. Research indicates that smokers with chronic mental illness can quit with standard cessation approaches with minimal effects on psychiatric symptoms. Although some studies have noted high relapse rates, longer maintenance on pharmacotherapy reduces rates of relapse without untoward effects on psychiatric symptoms. Similar biopsychosocial mechanisms are thought to be involved in the initiation and persistence of smoking in patients with different disorders. An appreciation of these common factors may aid the development of novel tobacco treatments for people with chronic mental illness. Novel nicotine and tobacco products such as electronic cigarettes and very low nicotine content cigarettes may also be used to improve smoking cessation rates in people with chronic mental illness.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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5

Low-Nicotine Cigarettes May Reduce Smoking, Encourage Quitting

A large test of cigarettes with reduced nicotine finds that they help smokers cut down on the number of cigarettes they consume each day, at least in the short term, and that cigarettes with the lowest nicotine levels may even encourage smokers to quit.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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0

Does more support increase success amongst people using medications to quit smoking? | Cochrane

Medications (including all types of nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion and varenicline) have been shown to help people quit smoking, and people seeking help to quit smoking will frequently be offered medication (pharmacotherapy). Behavioural support also helps people to quit. Behavioural support may include brief advice or more intensive counselling, and may be provided face-to-face individually or in groups, or by telephone, including 'quitlines'. It has been unclear how much additional benefit is gained from adding support, or providing more intensive support for people who are using medication for a quit attempt.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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2

Ways to help people stop using smokeless tobacco (including chewing tobacco, snuff and snus) | Cochrane

Smokeless tobacco is any product in which tobacco is held in the mouth so that nicotine is absorbed through the lining of the mouth. Smokeless tobacco is less dangerous than cigarettes and other products where tobacco is burnt and nicotine absorbed through the lungs. However, smokeless tobacco still leads to nicotine addiction and can be harmful, especially to the mouth. Many types of smokeless tobacco are used around the world, including chewing tobacco, snuff and snus. The risks to health vary with the type of product.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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0

E-cigarettes could addict a new generation of youth to nicotine, doctors are told

The US Food and Drug Administration should regulate e-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as it does other tobacco products, imposing similar age restrictions and banning their advertising and media promotion, the American Academy of Pediatrics has said in a policy statement1 released on 26 October at its national conference, held in Washington, DC.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago