New to Meducation?
Sign up
Already signed up? Log In

Category

Preview
1
34

Hysterectomy

Three types of operation: Abdominal – TAH – Total Abdominal Hysterectomy This is the most common form of surgery performed in the UK Vaginal – VH – Vaginal HyesterectomyLaparoscopic – LAVH – Laparoscopically assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
55

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - PID

This is an inflammatory condition (often secondary to infection), affecting any part of the higher female reproductive system, e.g.; uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries. Salpingitis – this term is sometimes used interchangeably with PID, but technically only refers to inflammation in the fallopian tubes. Endometritis   Risk factors STD: Young age (16-24)  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
26

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (aka hyperandrogen Chronic Anovulation) is a very common cause of amenorrhoea and oligomenorrhoea. It is important as it is associated with excessive andorgen secretion and insulin resistance.   Typical patients Hyperandrogenism  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
4
98

Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy

Resistance to insulin is a normal physiological response in pregnancy, thought to be induced by maternal hormones.  However, in some women, this is severe enough to result in gestational diabetes. In these women, there is reduced ability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin to overcome the insulin resistance.   Gestation diabetes is defined as - Any hyperglycaemia with first onset or presentation during pregnancy    
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
27

Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia

Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are different stages of the same condition. Pre-eclampsia can result in eclampsia at any time. Eclampsia is immediately life-threatening and often symptomatic.   Pre-eclampsia is a condition characterised by increased blood pressure, proteinuria and often oedema during pregnancy. It is typically asymptomatic, and occurs after 20 weeks, although it rarely presents before 32 weeks – but when it does, it is associated with a worse prognosis.  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
2
48

Dystocia

This means difficulty during labour. It occurs in about 1% of deliveries. Breech presentation can cause dystocia.   Aetiology Diabetes mellitus Fetal macrosomia -  - often caused by maternal diabetes Maternal obesity  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
2
38

Ectopic Pregnancy

 Definition Implantation of conceptious outside uterine cavity When Women in reproductive age present with pelvic pain and positive pregnancy test à Ectopic pregnancy until proven otherwise   Incidence 20:1000 pregnancies Increasing from 11:1000 pregnancies  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
2
52

Retroverted Uterus

The normal position of the uterus is anteverted. In this position, the uterus is concave on the side of the bladder, and bends round to sit just above and behind the bladder.   In a retroverted uterus, the uterus instead bends ‘backwards’ so that the concave side is posterior. About 20-30% of women have a retroverted uterus.   Clinical features  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
41

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

THE most common cause of pathological vaginal discharge. Can be caused by an overgrowth of many types of bacteria, usually anaerobes. There is alos often a decrease in the number of lactobacilli. Not sexually transmitted   Epidemiology Affects 10% of women in the UK, but most cases are asymptomatic   Presentation  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
42

Chlamydia

Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) The most common bacterial STI.   Like gonorrhoea, this can also be spread vertically, and can result in aconjunctivitis in the neonate. However, unlike gonorrhoea, the conjunctivitis is not a medical emergency, and will noly very rarely result in blindness.   Epidemiology It is the most common bacterial STD  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
36

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea (aka the clap) Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC)is a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically infecting the genitourinary tracts, retum, pharynx and conjunctiva. It is particularly intolerant to a dry environment.  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
39

Syphilis

 
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
1
21

Subfertility

 
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
2
62

Chromosomal Abnormalities

Chromosomal Abnormalities Chromosomal abnormalities are a very common cause of spontaneous miscarriage. Most commonly a child with a chromosomal abnormality will not survive to birth. However, there are many cases where the child will survive, although often they have severe disability in life. The normal rate of miscarriage in the general population is 15%. Miscarriage does not become statistically significant unless one particular woman has >3 instances.  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
Preview
2
79

Normal Uterine Contractions During Delivery with Fetal Monitoring Strip

Labor and Delivery - Normal Uterine Contractions with Fetal Monitoring Strip. Depicts a relaxed uterus and dilated cervix followed by a contracted uterus. The third image shows a relaxed uterus. The fourth image shows the uterus contracting, and squeezing the baby toward the birth canal. The fifth and sixth illustrations picture a fetal monitor and its printout, graph with contractions and recovery periods.  
Nucleus Medical Media
over 6 years ago
Preview
5
157

Development of Male vs. Female Genitalia (USMLE Tutorial)

http://www.usmlesuccess.net A look at the way by which males and females develop their genitalia while in utero - very high-yield USMLE material. Grab your F...  
YouTube
about 6 years ago
Www.bmj
1
15

In brief

Doctor denies charge of female genital mutilation: The first doctor in the United Kingdom to be charged with female genital mutilation will plead not guilty when he appears at Southwark Crown Court on 2 May, lawyers have said. Dhanuson Dharmasena, a registrar in obstetrics and gynaecology at the Whittington Hospital in north London, is alleged to have repaired the genital mutilation that had previously been carried out, and Hasan Mohamed, who is not a doctor, is charged with encouraging the doctor and aiding and abetting the offence.1  
bmj.com
about 6 years ago
Www.bmj
1
44

US agency warns against morcellation in hysterectomies and myomectomies

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication on 17 April urging doctors not to use laparoscopic power morcellation for hysterectomies or removal of uterine fibroids over concerns that the technique may spread uterine sarcomas beyond the uterus.1  
bmj.com
about 6 years ago
Preview
1
33

HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening in Australia

Stream HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening in Australia by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
about 6 years ago
Www.bmj
1
13

Smoking bans are linked to reduction in preterm births and childhood asthma, says study

Rates of preterm births and paediatric hospital admissions for asthma fell by 10% within a year of smoke-free legislation taking effect, says a systematic review and meta-analysis on the issue.1  
bmj.com
about 6 years ago