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Chromosomal Abnormalities

Chromosomal Abnormalities Chromosomal abnormalities are a very common cause of spontaneous miscarriage. Most commonly a child with a chromosomal abnormality will not survive to birth. However, there are many cases where the child will survive, although often they have severe disability in life. The normal rate of miscarriage in the general population is 15%. Miscarriage does not become statistically significant unless one particular woman has >3 instances.  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 5 years ago
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79

Normal Uterine Contractions During Delivery with Fetal Monitoring Strip

Labor and Delivery - Normal Uterine Contractions with Fetal Monitoring Strip. Depicts a relaxed uterus and dilated cervix followed by a contracted uterus. The third image shows a relaxed uterus. The fourth image shows the uterus contracting, and squeezing the baby toward the birth canal. The fifth and sixth illustrations picture a fetal monitor and its printout, graph with contractions and recovery periods.  
Nucleus Medical Media
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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72

Diagnosis and management of subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy

In prospective studies, the prevalence of undiagnosed subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnant women ranges from 3% to 15%. Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with multiple adverse outcomes in the mother and fetus, including spontaneous abortion, pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, preterm delivery, and decreased IQ in the offspring. Only two prospective studies have evaluated the impact of levothyroxine therapy in pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism, and the results were mixed. Subclinical hypothyroidism is defined as raised thyrotropin combined with a normal serum free thyroxine level. The normal range of thyrotropin varies according to geographic region and ethnic background. In the absence of local normative data, the recommended upper limit of thyrotropin in the first trimester of pregnancy is 2.5 mIU/L, and 3.0 mIU/L in the second and third trimester. The thyroid gland needs to produce 50% more thyroid hormone during pregnancy to maintain a euthyroid state. Consequently, most women on levothyroxine therapy before pregnancy require an increase in dose when pregnant to maintain euthyroidism. Ongoing prospective trials that are evaluating the impact of levothyroxine therapy on adverse outcomes in the mother and fetus in women with subclinical hypothyroidism will provide crucial data on the role of thyroid hormone replacement in pregnancy.  
bmj.com
about 5 years ago
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31

Ob/Gyn - Ca Endometrium

The online lecture series for medical students. On demand streaming video lectures. www.mdcrack.tv Owner: MD CRACK  
YouTube
about 5 years ago
9211header
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Obstetrics and Newborn Care

A two-semester course in obstetrics and newborn care for prospective healthcare professionals.  
waybuilder.net
almost 5 years ago
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38

Preterm birth and the role of neuroprotection

Preterm birth remains a common complication of pregnancy and causes substantial neonatal morbidity and mortality. As improvements in the care of preterm neonates have outpaced efforts to prevent preterm birth, the numbers of survivors with neurologic sequelae that affect quality of life have increased. The main strategies to reduce the impact of neurologic complications of prematurity include prevention of preterm birth and protection of the developing fetal brain through antenatal administration of drugs. These strategies rely on a basic understanding of the intertwined pathophysiology of spontaneous preterm labor and perinatal brain injury, which will be reviewed here. The review will outline current methods for the prevention of prematurity and neuroprotection. The use of magnesium sulfate as a neuroprotective compound will be discussed, including concerns over its association with increased pediatric mortality and abnormalities in bone density.  
bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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17

10 Ectopic Pregnancy

Introduction to pelvic ultrasound for the evaluation of ectopic pregnancy by Bret Nelson, MD, RDMS, FACEP. Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai Scho...  
youtube.com
over 4 years ago
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90

Bedside Obstetrics & Gynecology

The second edition of Bedside Obstetrics & Gynecology brings postgraduate trainees fully up to date with the most recent advances in the field. The first section covers obstetrics, discussing normal and abnormal presentations (such as normal labour versus breech presentation), complications in pregnancy (including early pregnancy bleeding and ante- and postpartum haemorrhage), and medical disorders related to pregnancy (such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes). Section two covers numerous gynaecological abnormalities. This new edition has been fully revised but continues to emphasise the importance of history taking and clinical examination. New chapters have been added to cover topics such as preterm pregnancy, post-dated pregnancy and intrauterine death, bleeding due to miscarriage, menopause and contraception. Nearly 1100 images, illustrations and tables enhance learning, and each chapter includes questions and answers related to case studies. Key points Fully revised, new edition providing recent advances in obstetrics and gynaecology Many new chapters added Includes 1100 images, illustrations and tables Previous edition published in 2010  
books.google.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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110

Core Clinical Cases in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Third Edition

You've read your textbook and your course notes. Now you need to apply your knowledge to real life clinical situations. The problem-solving approach of Core Clinical Cases guides you to think of the patient as a whole, rather than as a sequence of unconnected symptoms. With its emphasis on everyday practice strongly linked to underlying theory, the series integrates your knowledge with the realities of managing clinical problems, and provides a basis for developing sound analytical and confident decision-making skills. The core areas of undergraduate study are covered in a logical sequence of learning activities; the same questions are asked of each clinical case, followed by detailed explanatory answers. OSCE counselling cases, with related questions and answers, also feature in each section. Key concepts and important information are highlighted, and the reader-friendly layout reflects exactly the type of question you will encounter, making these volumes the perfect revision aid for all types of case-based examination. The Obstetrics and Gynaecology volume, fully revised and updated in this third edition, focuses on the following topics: * Early pregnancy problems * Pregnancy dating and fetal growth * Late pregnancy problems * Labour * Medical disorders of pregnancy * Puerperium * Abnormal uterine bleeding * Amenorrhoea and menopause * Incontinence and prolapse * Neoplasia * Discharge and pain* Infertility * Fertility control Volumes in the Core Clinical Cases series remain absolutely invaluable in the run up to clinical, written or OSCE examinations, and ideal course companions for all undergraduate medical students at various stages in their clinical training.  
books.google.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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76

Core Clinical Cases in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Third Edition

You've read your textbook and your course notes. Now you need to apply your knowledge to real life clinical situations. The problem-solving approach of Core Clinical Cases guides you to think of the patient as a whole, rather than as a sequence of unconnected symptoms. With its emphasis on everyday practice strongly linked to underlying theory, the series integrates your knowledge with the realities of managing clinical problems, and provides a basis for developing sound analytical and confident decision-making skills. The core areas of undergraduate study are covered in a logical sequence of learning activities; the same questions are asked of each clinical case, followed by detailed explanatory answers. OSCE counselling cases, with related questions and answers, also feature in each section. Key concepts and important information are highlighted, and the reader-friendly layout reflects exactly the type of question you will encounter, making these volumes the perfect revision aid for all types of case-based examination. The Obstetrics and Gynaecology volume, fully revised and updated in this third edition, focuses on the following topics: * Early pregnancy problems * Pregnancy dating and fetal growth * Late pregnancy problems * Labour * Medical disorders of pregnancy * Puerperium * Abnormal uterine bleeding * Amenorrhoea and menopause * Incontinence and prolapse * Neoplasia * Discharge and pain* Infertility * Fertility control Volumes in the Core Clinical Cases series remain absolutely invaluable in the run up to clinical, written or OSCE examinations, and ideal course companions for all undergraduate medical students at various stages in their clinical training.  
books.google.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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76

How to perform an episiotomy | RCM

The RCM website is published by The Royal College of Midwives. Midwives magazine, Evidence Based Midwifery and Midwives Jobs are published by Redactive Publishing Ltd on behalf of The Royal College of Midwives.  
rcm.org.uk
over 4 years ago
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How to Assess & Treat Common Pregnancy Complications

Case Presentation The EMS crew of Station 4 is called to the home of a pregnant female who’s complaining of abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding that began occurring after a fall. The crew learns that she slipped on a wet floor and fell on her abdomen. She advises the lead paramedic that she’s 30 weeks pregnant and that it’s her second pregnancy. During questioning, the paramedic learns that the patient has not sought prenatal care due to severe financial difficulties and lack of insurance.  
jems.com
over 4 years ago
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24

Preeclampsia FAQs

Preeclampsia can appear at any time during pregnancy, delivery and up to six weeks post-partum, though it most frequently occurs in the final trimester and resolves within 48 hours of delivery. Preeclampsia can develop gradually, or come on quite suddenly, even flaring up in a matter of hours, though the signs and symptoms may have gone undetected for weeks or months.  
preeclampsia.org
over 4 years ago
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32

Pre-eclampsia - Case Video - Ministry of Ethics .co.uk

Medical ethics and law revision notes for free, with MCQs, EMQs, animated videos, clinical scenarios, lecture notes and discussion forums. Discuss with senior lecturers, and download resources they upload  
ministryofethics.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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The day I removed a toy dinosaur from a woman's vagina

At first I thought my patient had a bad case of thrush. How wrong I was  
theguardian.com
about 4 years ago
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The ZedScan as an adjunct to colposcopy in women with suspected cervical intra‑epithelial neoplasia | Advice | NICE

NICE has developed a Medtech Innovation Briefing (MIB) on ZedScan as an adjunct to colposcopy in women with suspected cervical intra epithelial neoplasia.  
nice.org.uk
about 4 years ago
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Caesarean section | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

This guideline will shortly be checked to see if it needs updating, please register as a stakeholder to be informed about the decision.  
nice.org.uk
about 4 years ago
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Ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage: diagnosis and initial management | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

We checked this guideline and decided that it should not be updated at this time. For details, see the update decision and the process for deciding if an update is needed.  
nice.org.uk
about 4 years ago
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What Does a Uterus Do All Day Long?

Topics Today, I’ll discuss the inherent contraction patterns of the uterus as they vary throughout the menstrual cycle and the role that may play in sperm transport, infertility, endometriosis and contraception. Free Links: OBGYN-10 OBGYN-101 Gray Haired Note Brookside Associates Medical Education Division  
Mike Hughey, MD
about 9 years ago