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Pregnancies affected by 9/11 dust cloud

Pregnant women living near the World Trade Center during 9/11 experienced higher-than-normal negative birth outcomes, according to a new working paper by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Decline in heart health can start in childhood

Your heart health, which is optimal for most of us at birth, can decline substantially with unhealthy childhood behaviors, according to research in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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BYU Biochemistry Professor And Students Solve A Birth-Defect Mystery

The cellular cause of birth defects like cleft palates, missing teeth and problems with fingers and toes has been a tricky puzzle for scientists.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Distance running may be an evolutionary 'signal' for desirable male genes

Pre-birth exposure to high levels of the male sex hormone testosterone has already been shown to confer evolutionary advantages for men: strength of sex drive, sperm count, cardiovascular...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Fewer multiple births could reduce autism risk in ART children

In a paper published online, scientists report that the incidence of diagnosed autism was twice as high for assisted reproductive technology (ART) as non-ART births among the nearly 6 million...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Underlying subfertility may affect ART birth outcomes, BU study finds

Birth outcomes for babies whose mothers used assisted reproductive technology (ART) are better in some cases, and worse in others, than for subfertile women who did not use ART, according to a...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Letrozole is a promising new treatment of male infertility, researcher says

A letrozole pill once a week restored fertility in obese, infertile men and led to their partners giving birth to two full-term, healthy babies, according to a new study from Canada.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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5

Mode of delivery in childbirth associated with pain during or after sexual intercourse

Operative birth is associated with persisting pain during or after sexual intercourse, known as dyspareunia, suggests a new study published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Infants born prematurely: 2 studies identify routes to better outcomes

Eleven percent of all births worldwide are preterm, or occurring before 37 weeks of pregnancy, and preterm-related causes of death account for a significant number of infant deaths, as well as...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Revised guidelines on reducing risk, treatment options for thromboembolic disease in pregnancy

Advice on preventing and treating venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy, birth and following delivery is outlined in two new revised guidelines published 13 April by the Royal College...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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3

Breastfeeding could reduce risk of mothers smoking again

A study has found that mothers who smoked during pregnancy were less likely to relapse into smoking again after giving birth if they were breastfeeding.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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2

Brain development suffers from lack of fish oil fatty acids, study finds

While recent reports question whether fish oil supplements support heart health, scientists have found that the fatty acids they contain are vitally important to the developing brain. Neurobiologists report that dietary deficiencies in the type of fatty acids found in fish and other foods can limit brain growth during fetal development and early in life. The findings suggest that women maintain a balanced diet rich in these fatty acids for themselves during pregnancy and for their babies after birth.  
sciencedaily.com
over 4 years ago
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Try this: Combo lunge also works arms and back in less time

Kim Lyons, the founder of Bionic Body in Hermosa Beach, says she got back into shape after the birth of her son using time-saving exercise combos that give you a cardio pump while also toning muscles. "More bang for your buck," as she puts it. The combo she shares with us this week actually does...  
latimes.com
over 4 years ago
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Diet and exercise in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus | Cochrane

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is high blood glucose (hyperglycaemia) first occurring or first recognised during pregnancy. Between 1% and 14% of pregnant women develop GDM, with some at a higher risk than others (for example, women who are overweight or obese, older, of particular ethnicities, have had GDM previously, or have a family history of type II diabetes). GDM can cause significant health problems for mothers and babies. The babies may grow very large and, as a result, be injured at birth, or cause injury to mothers during birth. Women with GDM have an increased risk of having an induced birth, of their babies being born by caesarean section, and of having a preterm birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy). Additionally, there can be long-term health problems for mothers and babies, including an increased risk of type II diabetes. Some diets (for example, those with low fibre and high glycaemic load) and physical inactivity, are potentially modifiable risk factors for GDM. There is evidence that lifestyle interventions in the general population (promoting diet and exercise changes) can prevent type II diabetes, and it has been suggested that these interventions may help prevent GDM in pregnancy.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Where hospital is not an option

Giving birth in remote rural Indonesia  
medium.com
over 4 years ago
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Childbirth, X-rays, Community

Hi I’m the radiologist. Years ago if we were watching “Scrubs” side by side on the couch, I would have been like, “Hey, …  
medium.com
over 4 years ago
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Planned early delivery versus expectant management for twins who are in the same amniotic sac during pregnancy (monoamniotic twins) | Cochrane

Monoamniotic twin pregnancies are rare and affect about one in 10,000 pregnancies. These pregnancies are more susceptible to complications such as increased congenital abnormalities, intrauterine growth restriction, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, cord entanglement and possible occlusion, which may lead to an increased risk of fetal and infant death compared with other kinds of twin pregnancies. The optimal timing for the birth of monoamniotic twins is not known. Options include 'planned early delivery' between 32 and 34 weeks, or alternatively awaiting spontaneous labour at least up until the usual time of planned delivery for other monochorionic twins (approximately 36 to 38 weeks' gestation), unless there is a specific indication for earlier delivery.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Use of fetal scalp blood lactate for assessing fetal well-being during labour | Cochrane

A fetal heart rate that is abnormal or not reassuring during labour may be caused by the inability of the baby to adapt to decreases in oxygen supply during the birth. Inadequate oxygen supply may lead to the development of acidosis (low pH levels) and increased lactate in the blood. After the amniotic membranes have ruptured and the cervix dilated to around 3 cm, it is possible to measure lactate (or pH) levels in a sample of blood taken from the baby's scalp. A much smaller amount of blood is needed for the lactate test than to measure pH. This review identified two studies of 3348 mother-baby pairs that compared lactate and pH testing in labour. Lactate testing was more likely to be successful than pH testing, but with no differences in newborn outcomes, including the number of babies with low Apgar scores, low pH in their cord blood or admissions to the neonatal intensive care nursery. There were no differences in the number of mothers having caesarean sections, forceps or vacuum births between the two groups. We conclude that lactate testing in labour may be more likely to be successfully achieved than pH testing.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Monitoring a baby's heart rate during labour with and without a computerised decision aid: a comparison of pregnancy outcomes | Cochrane

When a woman goes into labour, maternity care providers may choose to monitor the baby's heart rate during the birth to ensure the baby is healthy. An abnormal heart rate is a strong indicator that the baby is stressed, for example because the baby has insufficient oxygen. If there is a problem with the baby's heart rate, care providers may wish to perform additional tests or speed up delivery to avoid major complications. A cardiotocography (CTG) machine is frequently used to monitor the heart rate, which is measured in relation to the woman's contractions during labour. The machine prints the results on a strip known as a CTG trace or they are viewed directly on a visual display unit. In some cases, however, it is difficult for maternity care providers to determine whether the CTG trace is normal or abnormal, and this can result in unnecessary intervention or a delay in providing necessary interventions. Computerised decision aids, also referred to as expert systems (ESs), have a computerised knowledge base that can be matched and may be able to guide CTG interpretation to avoid such situations.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
Sinaiem dark
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get-that-line

Vascular access in ill neonates who present to the ED can be challenging. Umbilical vein catheterization can be a life-saving option. The umbilical vein remains patent and viable for cannulation until approximately 1 week after birth.  
sinaiem.org
over 4 years ago