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Radiotherapy

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Are there any differences in survival between people with low grade glioma having early compared with delayed radiotherapy at the time of progression? | Cochrane

The issue Low grade gliomas are brain tumours that predominantly affect young adults. They grow at slower rates and are typically associated with a favourable prognosis compared with high grade gliomas. One of the most common presenting symptoms of people with LGG are seizures. Although, there are no definitive guidelines on the management of LGGs, most people with LGGs are treated with a combination of surgery followed by radiotherapy. However, it is unclear whether to use radiotherapy in the early postoperative period, or to delay until the disease progresses.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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Tumour biomarkers: diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive

A 63 year old woman presented with a one month history of difficulty speaking and imbalance. She had been diagnosed with breast cancer two years earlier and had been treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. This was followed by a year of trastuzumab (Herceptin) and continuous tamoxifen treatment.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
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Machine that combines radiotherapy with MRI scanner will undergo trials next year

The Royal Marsden Hospital in London will take delivery early next year of a machine that combines radiotherapy with real time imaging using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
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Leksell Gamma Knife Icon Brain Radiosurgery System FDA Cleared (VIDEO) | Medgadget

Elekta landed FDA regulatory clearance for its Leksell Gamma Knife Icon, its latest radiosurgery system for treating targets just about anywhere in the bra  
medgadget.com
about 4 years ago
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Interventions for the treatment of spinal cord compression due to the spread of cancer | Cochrane

Metastatic extradural spinal cord compression (MESCC) due to cancer from other parts of the body affecting the spine and causing compression of the spinal cord often results in pain, impaired functioning including reduced ability to walk, incontinence, and shortened survival. Radiation is the mainstay of treatment, but surgery, and corticosteroids are also used to treat people with MESCC. This update of a previous review published in 2008 evaluates the clinical trial evidence up to 3 March 2015 to determine how effective radiotherapy, surgery and corticosteroids are in improving functioning and survival, and in reducing pain; and how well tolerated they are in adults with MESCC.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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HIV Cure Research: Radioimmunotherapy Explained by Whiteboard Animation

http://www.einstein.yu.edu - Graduate student Dina Tsukrov uses whiteboard animations to explain how radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is being used in HIV cure resea...  
youtube.com
about 4 years ago
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Vismodegib, Radiotherapy Promising in Recurrent Advanced BCC

Two case might set the stage for the concurrent use of vismodegib and radiotherapy in recurrent advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC).  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Risk-Adapted Therapy for Early-Stage Extranodal Nasal-Type NK/T-Cell Lymphoma: Analysis From a Multicenter Study: Abstract and Introduction

Abstract and Introduction: For patients with early-stage nasal-type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, the most effective treatment was risk-adapted therapy of radiotherapy alone for the low-risk group and radiotherapy consolidated by chemotherapy for the high-risk group.  
medscape.org
about 4 years ago
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New Evidence Suggests 'Time for a Change' in DCIS Treatment CME/CE

: Mortality in women with DCIS increases after diagnosis of an ipsilateral second primary invasive breast cancer, but prevention of recurrence by radiotherapy does not lower 10-year mortality.  
medscape.org
almost 4 years ago
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Call to improve radiotherapy access around world - BBC News

Millions of people globally have died unnecessarily from cancers that could have been treated by radiotherapy, according to doctors.  
bbc.co.uk
almost 4 years ago
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Huge Shortfall in Radiotherapy, Investment Would Save Lives

There is a substantial shortfall in the provision of radiotherapy services worldwide, but major investment could save millions of life-years, say experts.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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should limb sarcoma <5cm to got preoperative radiotherapy ?

Male patient ,50 years old coming with mass about 4 cm in the lateral aspect of the upper part of the thigh was diagnosed as sarcoma. The question is to what extent the benefits of preoperative radiotherapy?  
Gergis Rabea Farag
almost 4 years ago
Cochrane logo 400
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Parasympathomimetic drugs for the treatment of 'dry mouth' due to radiotherapy | Cochrane

This updated review found there is limited evidence to support the use of pilocarpine hydrochloride in the treatment of radiation-induced salivary gland dysfunction ('dry mouth'). Salivary gland damage is a frequent and important complication of radiotherapy to the head and neck area; it causes dryness of the mouth with resultant problems with eating, talking, and local infection. The parasympathomimetic group of drugs have been used to treat radiotherapy-induced salivary gland damage.  
cochrane.org
almost 4 years ago
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High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy in Prostate Cancer: What Role?

Dr Gerald Chodak talks about the potential role of this treatment approach, alone or in combination with intensity-modulated radiation therapy, in high-risk prostate cancer.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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Radiation in Children With Ependymoma Improves Outcomes

The largest trial in this rare type of brain tumor has shown that radiotherapy after surgery improves outcomes compared with what has been seen historically.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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Single or combination chemotherapy during preoperative treatment for rectal cancer | Cochrane

Rectal cancer accounts for one-third of all cancers of the large intestine and is an important cause of death worldwide. Radiotherapy and surgery have improved results, but there is still a high proportion of people where the cancer spreads to other parts of the body (distal metastases). In the period before surgery (preoperative period), anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapy) are given to help destroy smaller tumours and enhance the effects of radiotherapy (high-energy radiation that targets the cancer). Chemotherapy also has benefits on organs other than the rectum, making the use of these drugs highly desirable in the preoperative period. Therefore, it is possible that adding a second drug to the chemotherapy regimen (e.g. oxaliplatin) may increase these benefits further.  
cochrane.org
almost 4 years ago
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Partial as Good as Whole-Breast Irradiation -- Clear Result

A technique of temporary implanting of catheters to deliver radiotherapy for 4 to 5 days was as effective as whole-breast irradiation for 5 weeks.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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Androgen Block After Salvage RT Cuts Prostate Cancer Deaths

In men whose prostate cancer recurs following radical prostatectomy, adding long-term androgen blockade after salvage radiotherapy improves survival.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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'No Brainer': IMRT for Locally Advanced NSCLC

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is associated with fewer adverse events than standard radiotherapy and should now be considered routinely, say researchers.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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Varian's VitalBeam Cost-Conscious Radiotherapy System Unveiled |

Varian has released its new VitalBeam radiotherapy system following both FDA and CE Mark approvals. The device is a budget option over the firm's TrueBeam  
medgadget.com
almost 4 years ago