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ICARE: Usual Care Stroke Rehab Best for Motor Outcomes

But high-intensity task-orientated rehabilitation studies in ICARE have shown some benefits on other outcomes yet to be formally reported, researchers say.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Rehab of Older Adults With Dementia After Hip Fracture

Does postoperative rehabilitation after hip fracture improve overall outcomes for patients with dementia?  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Optimal Pain Assessment in Pediatric Rehabilitation

Read how the implementation of a targeted nursing guideline was central in providing optimal pain management in these pediatric patients.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Aggressive Rehab Safe After Knee Replacement

High-intensity rehabilitation programs do not affect range of motion after total knee arthroplasty, report researchers, but surgeons are wary.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Psychology History

Harry F. Harlow was an American Psychologist who provided a new understanding of human behavior and development through studies of social behavior of monkeys. His research contributions (in the areas of learning, motivation, and affection) have major relevance for general and child psychology. Harlow obtained both his BA and PhD in Psychology from Stanford University. Upon completion of his PhD, Harlow joined the psychology staff at the University of Wisconsin (Madison). He was a modest, brilliant man who enjoyed spending time with students and took special pride in teaching introductory psychology courses. Nearly forty students obtained their PhD under his direction. Professor Harlow's research developed an abundant supply of primate learning tests and tasks that became standards in the field. In general, Harlow wanted to prove to the psychology community that primate research could contribute to the understanding of important clinical issues without having to be molecular in nature. His theory hinged on the universal need for contact. Harlow's famous wire/cloth "mother" monkey studies demonstrated that the need for affection created a stronger bond between mother and infant than did physical needs (food). Harlow was a member several Science and Psychological Associations, including the American Psychological Association, National Academy of Arts & Sciences, and Sigma Xi. He was a national lecturer and also a consultant to the Army's Scientific Advisory Panel. During his career, he was recognized with several distinctions, including: Howard Crosby Warren Medal (1956), National Medal of Science (1967), and Gold Medal from American Psychological Foundation (1973). Much of his primate research regarding social separation, affection, attachment, love, learning, and early life behaviors was published. Harlow died in 1981, at the age of 75. His life work provided a developmental framework based on data results rather than convoluted theories with limited empirical support. Theory In Harlow's initial experiments, infant monkeys were separated from their mothers [visit this site] at six to twelve hours after birth and were raised instead with substitute or "surrogate" mothers made either of heavy wire mesh or of wood covered with cloth. Both mothers were the same size, but the wire mother had no soft surfaces while the other mother was cuddly – covered with foam rubber and soft terry cloth. Both mothers were also warmed by an electric light placed inside them. In one experiment both types of surrogates were present in the cage, but only one was equipped with a nipple from which the infant could nurse. Some infants received nourishment from the wire mother, and others were fed from the cloth mother. Even when the wire mother was the source of nourishment (and a source of warmth provided by the electric light), the infant monkey spent a greater amount of time clinging to the cloth surrogate. These results led researchers to believe the need for closeness and affection goes deeper than a need for warmth. These monkeys raised by the dummy mothers engaged in strange behavioral patterns later in their adult life. Some sat clutching themselves, rocking constantly back and forth; a stereotypical behavior pattern for excessive and misdirected aggression. Normal sexual behaviors were replaced my misdirected and atypical patterns: isolate females ignored approaching normal males, while isolate males made inaccurate attempts to copulate with normal females. As parents, these isolate female monkeys (the "motherless mothers" as Harlow called them) were either negligent or abusive. Negligent mothers did not nurse, comfort, or protect their young, nor did they harm them. The abusive mothers violently bit or otherwise injured their babies, to the point that many of them died. Deprivation of emotional bonds to live mother monkeys (as infant monkeys) these (now adult) monkeys were unable to create a secure attachment with their own offspring. (Principles of General Psychology, 1980, John Wiley and Sons). Harlow's research suggested the importance of mother/child bonding. Not only does the child look to his/her mother for basic needs such as food, safety, and warmth, but he also needs to feel love, acceptance, and affection from the caregiver. His findings show some long-term psychological physical effects of delinquent or inadequate attentiveness to child needs. Harlow also did learning research with his monkeys. His theory, "Learning to Learn", described the ability of animals to slowly learn a general rule that could then be applied to rapidly solve new problem sets. Harlow presented the monkey with two stimuli (a red block and a thimble, for example); one was predetermined "correct" and reinforced with food (red block) and the other was "incorrect" and not reinforced with food (thimble). After each selection, the objects were replaced and the monkey again chose a stimulus. Each trial reinforced the same stimulus (red block). The monkey had a 50% chance of being "correct" on each trial, however, he could increase his chances by adopting the win-stay, lose-shiftstrategy. For example, if the monkey chose the thimble and was not reinforced, he should shift to the red block for the reinforcer. If, however, he correctly selected the red block and was reinforced, he should stay with the reinforced stimulus and choose the same stimulus next time. The monkey continued throughout a series of six trials with eight pairs of stimuli (learning sets). Harlow found the monkeys to be averaging approximately 75% correct responses by the sixth trial of the eighth set. He then began to look at the animal's behavior during the second trial. He found the monkeys to implement the stay or shift strategy on the second trial of the six-trial set, which means the animals did not relearn the strategy with each new stimuli set, they instead applied the rule they had already learned. After 250-plus trials, the monkeys were about 98% correct on the second through the sixth trials with each new stimuli set. Harlow's learning research demonstrates that animals, like humans, are able to learn to apply strategies or rules to situations to help them solve problems. Time Line Born October 31 in Fairfield, Iowa Son of Lon and Mabel (Rock) Israel 30-44 Staff, University of Wisconsin at Madison; Married Clara Mears 39-40 * Carnegie Fellow of Anthropology at Columbia University 44-74 George Cary Comstock Research Professor of Psychology 46 Divorced Clara Mears; Married Margaret Kuenne 47-48 President, Midwestern Psychological Association 50-51 President of Division of Experimental Psychology, American Psychological Association 50-52 Head of Human Resources Research Branch of Department of Army 53-55 Head of Division of Anthropology and Psychology of National Research Council 56 * Howard Crosby Warren Medal 56-74 Director of Primate Lab, University of Wisconsin 58-59 President, American Psychological Association 59,65 Sigma Xi National Lecturer 1960 * Distinguished Psychologist Award, APA / Messenger Lecturer at Cornell University 61-71 Director of Regional Primate Research Center 64-65 President of Division of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, APA 67 * National Medal of Science 1970 Margaret (wife) died 71 Harris Lecturer at Northwestern University / Remarried Clara Mears, Children: 3 Sons, 1 Daughter 72 Martin Rehfuss Lecturer at Jefferson Medical College / * Gold Medal from American Psychological Foundation / * Annual Award from Society for the Scientific Study of Sex 74 University of Arizona (Tucson) Honorary Research Professor of Psychology 75 * Von Gieson Award from New York State Psychiatric Institute 76 * International Award from Kittay Scientific Foundation Also Member of the following (dates not given): Consultant to Army Scientific Advisory Pannel; American Philosophical Society; National Academy of Sciences; National Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Sigma Xi ; Phi Kappa Phi 1981 Died * Denotes Awards and Honors Bibliography Harlow, H. F.; Zimmermann, Robert. Affectional responses in the infant monkey. Foundations of animal Behavior. (1996), xvi, 843, 376-387. Harlow, H., et al. Social rehabilitation of separation-induced depressive disorders in monkeys. American Journal of Psychiatry. (1976), v. 133(11), 1279-1285. Harlow, H., et al. Effects of maternal and peer separations on young monkeys. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines. (1976), v. 17(2), 101-112. Harlow, H. Lust, latency and love: Simian secrets of successful sex. Journal of Sex Research. (1975), v. 11(2), 79-90. Harlow, H. A variable-temperature surrogate mother for studying attachment in infant monkeys. Behavior Research Methods. (1973), v. 5(3), 269-272. Harlow, H., et al. The sad ones: Studies in depression. Psychology Today. (1971), v. 4(12), 61-63. Harlow, H., et al. Nature of love: Simplified. American Psychologist. (1970), v. 25(2), 161-168. [History Home Page] [Psychology Department Home Page]  
muskingum.edu
over 3 years ago
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Type 1 diabetes in adults: supporting self management

Structured education programmes support effective self management and should be available to everyone with an established diagnosis of type 1 diabetes  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Link Between Self-Stigma and Self-Care Behaviors in T2D

Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may feel stigmatized -- which may in turn influence self-care behaviors.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Brain Stimulation After Stroke Aids Recovery

Combined with rehabilitation, transcranial direct-current brain stimulation improved function compared with a sham procedure, a new study shows.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Changing the Way We Think About Tendon Rehabilitation

Find out more about tendon neuroplastic training -- and what role it could play in tendon rehabilitative strategies.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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It’s time to regulate the use of whole body electrical stimulation

Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (ES) of human nerves and muscles has long been used as a non-pharmacological treatment for pain relief,1 and for rehabilitation after disuse. Whole body ES has recently emerged as an alternative form of physical exercise for improving fitness and health in healthy people. Despite limited scientific evidence on the safety and effectiveness of this form of exercise, several ES company sponsored fitness centres have recently been opened in different countries worldwide,2 making this technology easily accessible to the general population.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Robotic Horse to Help with Autism, Arthritis, Cerebral Palsy, Etc. |

Hippotherapy, or equine-assisted therapy, relies on riding horses to improve the symptoms of patients with a variety of physical and psychological conditio  
medgadget.com
over 3 years ago
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AHA/ASA Issues First-Ever Stroke Rehabilitation Guidelines

The new guidelines call for intensive multidisciplinary treatment of patients after a stroke and stress the importance of communication and coordination among those providing care.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Headley Court military rehabilitation unit opened to veterans - BBC News

Veterans will now be treated at Headley Court military rehabilitation unit as well as serving personnel, Defence Secretary Michael Fallon says.  
bbc.co.uk
over 3 years ago
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Crutch Training with Safety Tips

Crutch Training.  
youtube.com
over 3 years ago
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Late mortality after sepsis

A new series of definitions of sepsis1 along with simple guidance for early diagnosis has recently been published, and a NICE guideline is due shortly.2 Sepsis is an extreme manifestation of the body responding to a severe infection—in part adaptive and protective, but potentially maladaptive and life threatening. Naturally, perhaps, the focus has been on early diagnosis and management. This is not always performed well, as highlighted by a 2015 report from the UK National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death.3 In a linked paper, Prescott and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.i2375) report that patients who survive an episode of sepsis have a significant excess risk of mortality for a prolonged period of time.4 In the past, staff working in intensive care units discharged patients to the rest of the hospital with a feeling of a job well done; somehow that part of the patient’s journey had come to an end and recovery was about to begin. Since then numerous publications have challenged this optimistic assumption. For substantial numbers of patients, leaving the intensive care unit does not represent the end of something, rather it represents the start of something else, often not anticipated by them or understood by others. Many studies have described the difficulties sustained by patients and of course their families. Such difficulties include loss of muscle mass and strength,5 cognitive dysfunction, anxiety and depression,6 and post-traumatic stress.7 Along with this come challenges, both medical and financial, for those who become informal caregivers.8 9 In the UK this has been addressed, at least in ambition, with the publication of NICE guidelines for rehabilitation after critical illness.10  
feeds.bmj.com
over 3 years ago
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Recovery from Addiction Begins Here

Recovery Rehabs is the first step toward an addiction free life. Here, we can help you the necessary treatment to begin rehabilitation. | Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s millions of monthly readers. Title: Recovery from Addiction Begins Here, Author: RecoveryRehab, Name: recovery_rehabs.pptx, Length: 12 pages, Published: 2016-05-31T00:00:00.000Z  
issuu.com
over 3 years ago
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Incomplete Rehab Linked to Increased Risk of ACL Graft Rupture

Failure to complete rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is associated with a marked increase in the risk of graft rupture, researchers report.  
medscape.com
over 3 years ago
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Cardiac Rehabilitation

Physical activity is healthy for your heart—even after you've had a heart attack or bypass surgery. It's important to start out slowly, under the supervision...  
youtube.com
over 3 years ago
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Sign language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A sign language (also signed language) is a language which chiefly uses manual communication to convey meaning, as opposed to acoustically conveyed sound patterns. This can involve simultaneously combining hand shapes, orientation and movement of the hands, arms or body, and facial expressions to express a speaker's thoughts. Sign languages share many similarities with spoken languages (sometimes called "oral languages", which depend primarily on sound), which is why linguists consider both to be natural languages. Although there are also some significant differences between signed and spoken languages, such as how they use space grammatically, sign languages show the same linguistic properties and use the same language faculty as do spoken languages.[1][2] They should not be confused with body language, which is a kind of non-linguistic communication.  
en.wikipedia.org
about 3 years ago
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untitled

 
fysionet-evidencebased.nl
about 3 years ago