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Www.bmj
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13

Evening the score on sex drugs: feminist movement or marketing masquerade?

Ahead of this month’s FDA workshop on patient focused drug development for women’s sexual problems, Ray Moynihan questions a campaign to get a rejected drug licensed  
bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
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17

Cancer incidence for common cancers

The latest common cancer Incidence statistics for the UK for Health Professionals. See data for sex, most common cancers, trends over time, variation in the UK and more.  
cancerresearchuk.org
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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23

Bias in observational study designs: case-control studies

Researchers investigated the association between sun exposure and risk of multiple sclerosis. A population based case-control study was performed. The participants were recruited from residents of Tasmania, Australia, who were aged under 60 years and had at least one grandparent born in Tasmania. Cases were people with multiple sclerosis who volunteered after information evenings at local multiple sclerosis societies, or after having been invited by a healthcare professional. In total, 136 people with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, as defined by clinical and magnetic resonance imaging criteria, were included as cases. For each case, two controls matched for sex and year of birth were randomly selected from the community. In total, 359 eligible controls were approached and the response rate was 76%.1  
bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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5

Hepatitis C screening of men who have sex with men

Koretz and colleagues failed to highlight hepatitis C (HCV) as an emerging sexually transmitted infection in men who have sex with men (MSM), and the public health implications.1  
bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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28

An extra hour of sleep 'boosts women's likelihood of sex'

Women are 14% more likely to have sex with their partner if they get an additional hour of sleep the previous night, according to a new study.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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36

Sex and Dementia: Is it Love or Assault?

An interesting case brings up many questions about the rights of patients with Alzheimer disease and the obligation of their physicians.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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37

The Neuroendocrine Immune Network

This informative publication updates the study of interaction of the nervous and endocrine systems with the immune system in the body. It describes the anatomical basis of these interactions, reviewing the innervation of lymphoid tissue and mast cells. The book discusses the effect of the endocrine system on immune function, including the relation of sex to the immune response. Emphasis is given to opioids, substance P, neurotensin, vasoactive intestinal peptide, somatostatin and cholecystokinin. Also addressed is the immunoregulatory effect of leukotrienes and platelet-activating factors. Scrutinized within are stress as an aspect of neuro-immune interactions, and the central role of the hypothalamus in this context. The book reviews the eye and the gastrointestinal tract with respect to the coordination of the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems in serving these organs. This work is of particular value to those in immunology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, and developmental biology.  
books.google.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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15

Critical Care

In a cohort study (2005–2011) including all patients with first-time ICU admissions in Denmark (n=57,110), we compared patients with and without pre-existing AF and estimated absolute risks and relative risks (RRs) of arterial thromboembolism and death within 30 days and 365 days following admission, using Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariate regression analyses. We analysed the prognostic impact of AF within strata of patient age, sex, coexisting cardiac diseases, and ICU therapies.  
ccforum.com
about 4 years ago
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The effect of early-life education on later-life mortality

Many studies link cross-state variation in compulsory schooling laws to early-life educational attainment, thereby providing a plausible way to investigate the causal impact of education on various lifetime outcomes. We use this strategy to estimate the effect of education on older-age mortality of individuals born in the early twentieth century U.S. Our key innovation is to combine U.S. Census data and the complete Vital Statistics records to form precise mortality estimates by sex, birth cohort, and birth state. In turn we find that virtually all of the variation in these mortality rates is captured by cohort effects and state effects alone, making it impossible to reliably tease out any additional impact due to changing educational attainment induced by state-level changes in compulsory schooling.  
sciencedirect.com
almost 4 years ago
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0

HIV testing: increasing uptake in men who have sex with men | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

The focus of this guidance is on increasing the uptake of HIV testing to reduce undiagnosed infection and prevent transmission.  
nice.org.uk
almost 4 years ago
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3

Readers' Favorite Living Single Posts: 2015

This year, the theme of balancing time alone and time together takes its place alongside the more predictable favorite topics such as happiness, meaningfulness, and sex.  
psychologytoday.com
almost 4 years ago
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Jessie Bernard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jessie Shirley Bernard (born Jessie Sarah Ravitch, June 8, 1903, Minneapolis, Minnesota, US – October 6, 1996, Washington, D.C., US) was a sociologist and noted feminist scholar. She was a persistent forerunner of feminist thought in American sociology and her life's work is characterized as extraordinarily productive spanning several intellectual and political eras.[1] Bernard studied and wrote about women's lives since the late 1930s and her contributions to social sciences and feminist theory regarding women, sex, marriage, and the interaction with the family and community are well noted. She has garnered numerous honors in her career and has several awards named after her, such as the Jessie Bernard Award.[2][3] Jessie Bernard was a prolific writer, having published 15 sole-authored books, 9 co-authored books, over 75 journal articles, and over 40 book chapters.[4][5]  
en.wikipedia.org
almost 4 years ago
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Psychology History

Harry F. Harlow was an American Psychologist who provided a new understanding of human behavior and development through studies of social behavior of monkeys. His research contributions (in the areas of learning, motivation, and affection) have major relevance for general and child psychology. Harlow obtained both his BA and PhD in Psychology from Stanford University. Upon completion of his PhD, Harlow joined the psychology staff at the University of Wisconsin (Madison). He was a modest, brilliant man who enjoyed spending time with students and took special pride in teaching introductory psychology courses. Nearly forty students obtained their PhD under his direction. Professor Harlow's research developed an abundant supply of primate learning tests and tasks that became standards in the field. In general, Harlow wanted to prove to the psychology community that primate research could contribute to the understanding of important clinical issues without having to be molecular in nature. His theory hinged on the universal need for contact. Harlow's famous wire/cloth "mother" monkey studies demonstrated that the need for affection created a stronger bond between mother and infant than did physical needs (food). Harlow was a member several Science and Psychological Associations, including the American Psychological Association, National Academy of Arts & Sciences, and Sigma Xi. He was a national lecturer and also a consultant to the Army's Scientific Advisory Panel. During his career, he was recognized with several distinctions, including: Howard Crosby Warren Medal (1956), National Medal of Science (1967), and Gold Medal from American Psychological Foundation (1973). Much of his primate research regarding social separation, affection, attachment, love, learning, and early life behaviors was published. Harlow died in 1981, at the age of 75. His life work provided a developmental framework based on data results rather than convoluted theories with limited empirical support. Theory In Harlow's initial experiments, infant monkeys were separated from their mothers [visit this site] at six to twelve hours after birth and were raised instead with substitute or "surrogate" mothers made either of heavy wire mesh or of wood covered with cloth. Both mothers were the same size, but the wire mother had no soft surfaces while the other mother was cuddly – covered with foam rubber and soft terry cloth. Both mothers were also warmed by an electric light placed inside them. In one experiment both types of surrogates were present in the cage, but only one was equipped with a nipple from which the infant could nurse. Some infants received nourishment from the wire mother, and others were fed from the cloth mother. Even when the wire mother was the source of nourishment (and a source of warmth provided by the electric light), the infant monkey spent a greater amount of time clinging to the cloth surrogate. These results led researchers to believe the need for closeness and affection goes deeper than a need for warmth. These monkeys raised by the dummy mothers engaged in strange behavioral patterns later in their adult life. Some sat clutching themselves, rocking constantly back and forth; a stereotypical behavior pattern for excessive and misdirected aggression. Normal sexual behaviors were replaced my misdirected and atypical patterns: isolate females ignored approaching normal males, while isolate males made inaccurate attempts to copulate with normal females. As parents, these isolate female monkeys (the "motherless mothers" as Harlow called them) were either negligent or abusive. Negligent mothers did not nurse, comfort, or protect their young, nor did they harm them. The abusive mothers violently bit or otherwise injured their babies, to the point that many of them died. Deprivation of emotional bonds to live mother monkeys (as infant monkeys) these (now adult) monkeys were unable to create a secure attachment with their own offspring. (Principles of General Psychology, 1980, John Wiley and Sons). Harlow's research suggested the importance of mother/child bonding. Not only does the child look to his/her mother for basic needs such as food, safety, and warmth, but he also needs to feel love, acceptance, and affection from the caregiver. His findings show some long-term psychological physical effects of delinquent or inadequate attentiveness to child needs. Harlow also did learning research with his monkeys. His theory, "Learning to Learn", described the ability of animals to slowly learn a general rule that could then be applied to rapidly solve new problem sets. Harlow presented the monkey with two stimuli (a red block and a thimble, for example); one was predetermined "correct" and reinforced with food (red block) and the other was "incorrect" and not reinforced with food (thimble). After each selection, the objects were replaced and the monkey again chose a stimulus. Each trial reinforced the same stimulus (red block). The monkey had a 50% chance of being "correct" on each trial, however, he could increase his chances by adopting the win-stay, lose-shiftstrategy. For example, if the monkey chose the thimble and was not reinforced, he should shift to the red block for the reinforcer. If, however, he correctly selected the red block and was reinforced, he should stay with the reinforced stimulus and choose the same stimulus next time. The monkey continued throughout a series of six trials with eight pairs of stimuli (learning sets). Harlow found the monkeys to be averaging approximately 75% correct responses by the sixth trial of the eighth set. He then began to look at the animal's behavior during the second trial. He found the monkeys to implement the stay or shift strategy on the second trial of the six-trial set, which means the animals did not relearn the strategy with each new stimuli set, they instead applied the rule they had already learned. After 250-plus trials, the monkeys were about 98% correct on the second through the sixth trials with each new stimuli set. Harlow's learning research demonstrates that animals, like humans, are able to learn to apply strategies or rules to situations to help them solve problems. Time Line Born October 31 in Fairfield, Iowa Son of Lon and Mabel (Rock) Israel 30-44 Staff, University of Wisconsin at Madison; Married Clara Mears 39-40 * Carnegie Fellow of Anthropology at Columbia University 44-74 George Cary Comstock Research Professor of Psychology 46 Divorced Clara Mears; Married Margaret Kuenne 47-48 President, Midwestern Psychological Association 50-51 President of Division of Experimental Psychology, American Psychological Association 50-52 Head of Human Resources Research Branch of Department of Army 53-55 Head of Division of Anthropology and Psychology of National Research Council 56 * Howard Crosby Warren Medal 56-74 Director of Primate Lab, University of Wisconsin 58-59 President, American Psychological Association 59,65 Sigma Xi National Lecturer 1960 * Distinguished Psychologist Award, APA / Messenger Lecturer at Cornell University 61-71 Director of Regional Primate Research Center 64-65 President of Division of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, APA 67 * National Medal of Science 1970 Margaret (wife) died 71 Harris Lecturer at Northwestern University / Remarried Clara Mears, Children: 3 Sons, 1 Daughter 72 Martin Rehfuss Lecturer at Jefferson Medical College / * Gold Medal from American Psychological Foundation / * Annual Award from Society for the Scientific Study of Sex 74 University of Arizona (Tucson) Honorary Research Professor of Psychology 75 * Von Gieson Award from New York State Psychiatric Institute 76 * International Award from Kittay Scientific Foundation Also Member of the following (dates not given): Consultant to Army Scientific Advisory Pannel; American Philosophical Society; National Academy of Sciences; National Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Sigma Xi ; Phi Kappa Phi 1981 Died * Denotes Awards and Honors Bibliography Harlow, H. F.; Zimmermann, Robert. Affectional responses in the infant monkey. Foundations of animal Behavior. (1996), xvi, 843, 376-387. Harlow, H., et al. Social rehabilitation of separation-induced depressive disorders in monkeys. American Journal of Psychiatry. (1976), v. 133(11), 1279-1285. Harlow, H., et al. Effects of maternal and peer separations on young monkeys. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines. (1976), v. 17(2), 101-112. Harlow, H. Lust, latency and love: Simian secrets of successful sex. Journal of Sex Research. (1975), v. 11(2), 79-90. Harlow, H. A variable-temperature surrogate mother for studying attachment in infant monkeys. Behavior Research Methods. (1973), v. 5(3), 269-272. Harlow, H., et al. The sad ones: Studies in depression. Psychology Today. (1971), v. 4(12), 61-63. Harlow, H., et al. Nature of love: Simplified. American Psychologist. (1970), v. 25(2), 161-168. [History Home Page] [Psychology Department Home Page]  
muskingum.edu
over 3 years ago
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Reproductive health - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene, addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life.[1] Reproductive health implies that people are able to have a responsible, satisfying and safer sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so. One interpretation of this implies that men and women ought to be informed of and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of birth control; also access to appropriate health care services of sexual, reproductive medicine and implementation of health education programs to stress the importance of women to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth could provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant.  
en.wikipedia.org
over 3 years ago
Www.bmj
0
10

Bias in observational study designs: case-control studies

Researchers investigated the association between sun exposure and risk of multiple sclerosis. A population based case-control study was performed. The participants were recruited from residents of Tasmania, Australia, who were aged under 60 years and had at least one grandparent born in Tasmania. Cases were people with multiple sclerosis who volunteered after information evenings at local multiple sclerosis societies, or after having been invited by a healthcare professional. In total, 136 people with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, as defined by clinical and magnetic resonance imaging criteria, were included as cases. For each case, two controls matched for sex and year of birth were randomly selected from the community. In total, 359 eligible controls were approached and the response rate was 76%.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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GSD Free Interviews Dr John Bergman - YouTube

GSD Free Interviews Dr John Bergman In this first interview, Michelle DeBerge discusses sex, blood pressure and thyroid function with Dr Bergman. Register fo...  
youtube.com
over 4 years ago
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Spinal surgery diminishes low back pain, improves sexual function

Chronic low back pain can limit everyday activities, including sex. New research presented at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), found that 70...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Researchers uncover genetic and hormonal origins behind the evolution of sex organs

The ability of hormones to regulate the genes responsible for external sex organ growth and development evolved nearly 400 million years ago in our aquatic ancestors, University of Florida...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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First systematic review of the scientific literature on men who have sex with men (MSM) and blood donation

The scientific journal PLOS ONE recently published a scientific article by the Belgian Red Cross analyzing whether men who have sex with other men and donate blood pose a risk in terms...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago
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Distance running may be an evolutionary 'signal' for desirable male genes

Pre-birth exposure to high levels of the male sex hormone testosterone has already been shown to confer evolutionary advantages for men: strength of sex drive, sperm count, cardiovascular...  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago