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Substance-RelatedDisorders

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Www.bmj
0
16

Drug overdose has become leading cause of death from injury in US

More than 44 000 people in the United States died as a result of a drug overdose in 2013 (figure⇓), making it the leading cause of death from injury in the country, says a report on the effect of injuries released on 17 June.1 Overall, injuries killed more than 193 000 people in 2013 in the US and were the leading cause of death among people aged 1 to 44 years, the report said.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
15

Benzodiazepine prescribing patterns and deaths from drug overdose among US veterans receiving opioid analgesics: case-cohort study

Objective To study the association between benzodiazepine prescribing patterns including dose, type, and dosing schedule and the risk of death from drug overdose among US veterans receiving opioid analgesics.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
0
75

EU report shows massive increase in legal highs

New psychoactive substances, dubbed “legal highs,” came on the market across the European Union at the rate of almost two a week last year, says an annual report from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, based in Portugal.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
1
34

How childhood trauma affects health across a lifetime

Childhood trauma isn’t something you just get over as you grow up. Pediatrician Nadine Burke Harris explains that the repeated stress of abuse, neglect and parents struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues has real, tangible effects on the development of the brain. This unfolds across a lifetime, to the point where those who’ve experienced high levels of trauma are at triple the risk for heart disease and lung cancer. An impassioned plea for pediatric medicine to confront the prevention and treatment of trauma, head-on.  
ted.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
0
21

Child pornography, sex with patients, drug abuse – why do doctors fall? | Ranjana Srivastava

There are flawed humans in every profession, but the medical establishment needs to be better at recognising and rehabilitating damaged doctors  
theguardian.com
about 5 years ago
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0
21

Exposure to prescription opioid analgesics in utero and risk of neonatal abstinence syndrome: population based cohort study

Objective To provide absolute and relative risk estimates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) based on duration and timing of prescription opioid use during pregnancy in the presence or absence of additional NAS risk factors of history of opioid misuse or dependence, misuse of other substances, non-opioid psychotropic drug use, and smoking.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Problem of prescription drug abuse
1
5

The problem of prescription drug abuse - California Detox Helpline

Call our helpline today for information on available treatment options, or fill out the form and a Treatment Consultant will contact you shortly.  
californiadetoxhelpline.com
about 5 years ago
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0
17

Anticonvulsants for cocaine dependence | Cochrane

Cocaine is an illicit drug available as a powder for intranasal or intravenous use or smoked as crack. Short- and long-term use of this drug results in the spread of infectious diseases (for example, AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis), crime, violence and prenatal drug exposure. Cocaine dependence is associated with medical and psychosocial complications and is a major public health problem. No proven pharmacological treatment for cocaine dependence is known. Antidepressant, anticonvulsant and dopaminergic medications have all been studied. The present review looked at the efficacy and safety of anticonvulsant drugs for treating cocaine dependence, both as a class and individually.  
cochrane.org
about 5 years ago
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1
293

Drugs in the ER

Opioid use and misuse for non-cancer pain is a challenge for emergency department physicians, the health care system and society. There are some disturbing trends reported by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) over the last few years. Between 1991 and 2010 prescriptions for opioid analgesics increased from 75.5 million to 209.5 million according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). This was followed by an increase in abuse and overdose. The CDC estimates that narcotic pain relievers now cause or contribute to nearly three out of four prescription drug overdoses and about 15,000 deaths per year.  
thesgem.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
0
26

Treating delirium tremens: Pharmacokinetic engineering with diazepam and phenobarbital

  0 0 Introduction 0 Recently the New England Journal published a review article about delirium tremens which is somewhat misguided (see a scathing critiqu  
pulmcrit.org
about 5 years ago
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0
19

Journal club: Chronic disease management for tobacco dependence

Stream Journal club: Chronic disease management for tobacco dependence by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
0
10

Oxycodone overdose deaths drop 25 percent after launch of Prescgram

Oxycodone-related deaths dropped 25 percent after Florida implemented its Prescription Drug Monitoring Program in late 2011 as part of its response to the state's prescription drug abuse...  
medicalnewstoday.com
about 5 years ago
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0
15

Legally high? Teenagers and prescription drug abuse

Legal drugs such as OxyContin now kill more people than heroin and cocaine combined.  
medicalnewstoday.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
0
14

Neonatal abstinence syndrome increasing 'due to opioid overprescription'

One of the first studies to investigate associations between neonatal abstinence syndrome and legal prescription of opioids calls for policy changes to combat opioid 'epidemic.'  
medicalnewstoday.com
about 5 years ago
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0
14

Local physician recommends World Health Organization retire the term opioid substitution therapy

A Boston researcher and physician caring for individuals with substance abuse disorders, believes the term opioid substitution therapy (OST) has unintended adverse consequences for patients...  
medicalnewstoday.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
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45

Substance use disorders

Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT...  
youtube.com
about 5 years ago
Preview
2
51

Pharmacology Application in Athletic Training

Here's the information students need to know about how drugs work and how they can affect athletic performance. Through "real life" scenarios, students gain insights into the application of pharmacology in their clinical practice—from assisting an athlete who is taking a new medication to recognizing drug-related side effects when a negative reaction is occurring to handling instances of drug abuse. Beginning with an overview of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, the text presents prescription and over-the-counter medications in relation to the injuries or health conditions athletic trainers commonly encounter. Frequently abused substances such as amphetamines, herbals, and anabolic steroids are also addressed. Legal and ethical issues of drug use are presented, such as HIPAA–mandated privacy issues, drug testing, and which drugs are deemed as acceptable or banned according to NCAA and US Olympic standard.  
books.google.co.uk
about 5 years ago
Preview
1
46

Journal club: Chronic disease management for tobacco dependence

Stream Journal club: Chronic disease management for tobacco dependence by BMJ talk medicine from desktop or your mobile device  
SoundCloud
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
1
51

Bariatric surgery for obesity and metabolic conditions in adults

This review summarizes recent evidence related to the safety, efficacy, and metabolic outcomes of bariatric surgery to guide clinical decision making. Several short term randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of bariatric procedures for inducing weight loss and initial remission of type 2 diabetes. Observational studies have linked bariatric procedures with long term improvements in body weight, type 2 diabetes, survival, cardiovascular events, incident cancer, and quality of life. Perioperative mortality for the average patient is low but varies greatly across subgroups. The incidence of major complications after surgery also varies widely, and emerging data show that some procedures are associated with a greater risk of substance misuse disorders, suicide, and nutritional deficiencies. More research is needed to enable long term outcomes to be compared across various procedures and subpopulations, and to identify those most likely to benefit from surgical intervention. Given uncertainties about the balance between the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery in the long term, the decision to undergo surgery should be based on a high quality shared decision making process.  
bmj.com
over 5 years ago