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Substance-RelatedDisorders

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34

How childhood trauma affects health across a lifetime

Childhood trauma isn’t something you just get over as you grow up. Pediatrician Nadine Burke Harris explains that the repeated stress of abuse, neglect and parents struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues has real, tangible effects on the development of the brain. This unfolds across a lifetime, to the point where those who’ve experienced high levels of trauma are at triple the risk for heart disease and lung cancer. An impassioned plea for pediatric medicine to confront the prevention and treatment of trauma, head-on.  
ted.com
over 4 years ago
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75

EU report shows massive increase in legal highs

New psychoactive substances, dubbed “legal highs,” came on the market across the European Union at the rate of almost two a week last year, says an annual report from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, based in Portugal.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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15

Benzodiazepine prescribing patterns and deaths from drug overdose among US veterans receiving opioid analgesics: case-cohort study

Objective To study the association between benzodiazepine prescribing patterns including dose, type, and dosing schedule and the risk of death from drug overdose among US veterans receiving opioid analgesics.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
Www.bmj
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16

Drug overdose has become leading cause of death from injury in US

More than 44 000 people in the United States died as a result of a drug overdose in 2013 (figure⇓), making it the leading cause of death from injury in the country, says a report on the effect of injuries released on 17 June.1 Overall, injuries killed more than 193 000 people in 2013 in the US and were the leading cause of death among people aged 1 to 44 years, the report said.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago
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39

Risk and Outcomes of Substance Use Disorder among Anesthesiology Residents: A Matched Cohort Analysis

Anesthesiology. 2015 Oct;123(4):929-36. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000000810. Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't  
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
over 4 years ago
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45

Ethical issues and addiction. - PubMed - NCBI

The epidemic of substance abuse continues to pose a significant challenge to clinicians nationwide. Although there is a tendency to simply associate drug abuse with poverty, the problem affects every social stratum gender and race; and pregnant women are no exception. Caring for pregnant, substance-using women and their infants presents complex legal and ethical issues. Debate is ongoing about whether criminal penalties should be imposed on women based solely on their use of alcohol and other drugs during pregnancy. Furthermore, controversies persist about the rights and wishes of pregnant women versus the interests of their fetuses. For health professionals, conflict arises when the pregnant woman chooses behaviors that have the potential to harm the developing fetus. The ethical dilemma arises from competing autonomy-based and beneficence-based obligations to the maternal-fetal dyad. This chapter explores the ethics-based conflicts in the delivery of health care to drug abusing pregnant women.  
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
over 4 years ago
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9

Increasing Incidence of the Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in U.S. Neonatal ICUs — NEJM

Special Article from The New England Journal of Medicine — Increasing Incidence of the Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in U.S. Neonatal ICUs  
nejm.org
over 4 years ago
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16

Substance use disorders

Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT...  
youtube.com
over 4 years ago
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10

How does substance use develop into substance abuse

Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT...  
youtube.com
over 4 years ago
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16

Risk factors for drug use and drug abuse

Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT...  
youtube.com
over 4 years ago
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10

Alcohol abuse rise sparks minimum pricing call - BBC News

More than half of people referred for help with substance misuse in Wales have alcohol problems, prompting calls for a minimum pricing.  
bbc.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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56

Brain Dysfunction Persists Years After Drug Abuse, Recovery

Brain dysfunction associated with heroin addiction is sustained even after at least 3 years of abstinence, according to the first brain imaging study to evaluate long-term outcomes of former addicts.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Injuries, Violence Play a Major Role in Mortality in US

Prescription drug abuse has become one of the greatest causes of injury death in the US, according to a recent report.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Doctors Often Fail to Warn College Students About Substance Use Risks

According to a new survey, college students are less likely than their non-college peers to be warned by doctors about the dangers of substance abuse or alcohol.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Clinical Needs of Patients With Problem Drug Use

Primary care physicians are often the first to care for individuals with substance use disorders, who often have multiple coexisting health problems. What factors influence their clinical needs?  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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15

Treating Tobacco Dependence in Older Adults

Why aren't more clinicians encouraging their older patients to quit smoking?  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Obama Plan for Opioid Abuse Stresses Prescriber Training

The new initiative also encourages the use of buprenorphine and other forms of medication-assisted treatment for prescription drug abuse.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Acupuncture Shows Promise in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Laser acupuncture can reduce morphine therapy duration and hospital stay in babies with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), according to results of a randomized controlled trial.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Lab Case 77 – Interpretation

Causes of seizure are numerous but in this patient drug abuse is a major cause. It turns out the patient was taking 400-600mg of tramadol per day and had been doctor shopping for tramadol.  
emergucate.com
about 4 years ago
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Psychosis with substance misuse in over 14s: assessment and management | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

We checked this guideline and decided that it should not be updated at this time. For details, see the update decision and the process for deciding if an update is needed.  
nice.org.uk
about 4 years ago