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Tuberculosis

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Verem Nedir?

Daha fazlası için: http://www.khanacademy.org.tr Matematikten sanat tarihine, ekonomiden fen bilimlerine, basit toplamadan diferansiyel denklemlere, ilkokul ...  
youtube.com
almost 5 years ago
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16

Verem Epidemiolojisi

Daha fazlası için: http://www.khanacademy.org.tr Matematikten sanat tarihine, ekonomiden fen bilimlerine, basit toplamadan diferansiyel denklemlere, ilkokul ...  
youtube.com
almost 5 years ago
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Incentives and enablers for improving patient adherence to tuberculosis diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment | Cochrane

Cochrane researchers conducted a review of the effects of material (economic) incentives or enablers on the adherence and outcomes of patients being tested or treated for latent or active tuberculosis (TB). After searching up to 5 June 2015 for relevant trials, they included 12 randomized controlled trials in this Cochrane review.  
cochrane.org
almost 5 years ago
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Interpreting hazard ratios

The impact of isoniazid prophylaxis on mortality and tuberculosis in children with HIV was investigated using a double blind placebo controlled trial. The intervention was isoniazid given with co-trimoxazole either daily or three times a week. Control treatment was placebo isoniazid given with co-trimoxazole. The setting was two tertiary healthcare centres in South Africa. Participants were children with HIV aged 8 weeks and older. In total, 277 children were recruited and randomised to the intervention (n=139) or control treatment (n=138).1  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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Novel drugs and drug combinations for treating tuberculosis

A 56 year old man presented with pain and numbness in his lower legs. He had been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis for the previous six weeks. He thought that his symptoms had started a fortnight previously, after the tuberculosis clinic changed his treatment from a fixed dose combination preparation to multiple, separate drugs. He thought that the new tablets may be causing his symptoms. His partner was also being treated for tuberculosis but with even fewer tablets taken once weekly, and he wondered whether he could take the same treatment as she had. He had a history of excess alcohol intake and admitted to binge drinking at the weekends.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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Author’s reply to English and Potter

I would like to add a few remarks to the discussion on the efficacy of provisions for testing for and treating particular infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, for undocumented migrants.1 2 3 Such provisions exist in several European countries, although in a few countries only testing is available, and not treatment, which has obvious medical and ethical implications.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
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Commentary: Making middle income countries pay full price for drugs is a big mistake

Middle income countries are home to nearly three quarters of the global population, 73% of the world’s impoverished people, and most of the world’s sick.1 Most cases of tuberculosis and vaccine preventable diseases occur there.2 As of 2012, about 60% of people living with HIV resided in middle income countries; by 2020, that proportion is expected to jump to 70%.3 Of the roughly 15 million people with HIV who do not have access to antiretrovirals, about two thirds live in middle income countries.4  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
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The next anti-tuberculosis drug may already be in your local pharmacy

Testing thousands of approved drugs, EPFL scientists have identified an unlikely anti-tuberculosis drug: the over-the-counter antacid lansoprazole (Prevacid®).  
medicalnewstoday.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
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Multidrug resistant TB is less transmissible than drug susceptible strains, study shows

Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (TB) is only about half as transmissible as drug susceptible TB among household contacts, a study has found, suggesting that the fitness of the resistant TB strain is less than those that respond to drug treatment1 and providing encouraging new information on the chances of containing its spread.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
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Lucentis excluded from WHO list of essential medicines

The World Health Organization has rejected an application by Novartis to include ranibizumab (Lucentis) for neovascular eye diseases in the most recent update of its essential medicines list.1 The agency has, however, included “groundbreaking” new treatments for hepatitis C, a variety of cancers (including breast cancer and leukaemia), and multidrug resistant tuberculosis, among others.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
4

Lucentis excluded from WHO list of essential medicines

The World Health Organization has rejected an application by Novartis to include ranibizumab (Lucentis) for neovascular eye diseases in the most recent update of its essential medicines list.1 The agency has, however, included “groundbreaking” new treatments for hepatitis C, a variety of cancers (including breast cancer and leukaemia), and multidrug resistant tuberculosis, among others.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
3

Lucentis excluded from WHO list of essential medicines

The World Health Organization has rejected an application by Novartis to include ranibizumab (Lucentis) for neovascular eye diseases in the most recent update of its essential medicines list.1 The agency has, however, included “groundbreaking” new treatments for hepatitis C, a variety of cancers (including breast cancer and leukaemia), and multidrug resistant tuberculosis, among others.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
3

Lucentis excluded from WHO list of essential medicines

The World Health Organization has rejected an application by Novartis to include ranibizumab (Lucentis) for neovascular eye diseases in the most recent update of its essential medicines list.1 The agency has, however, included “groundbreaking” new treatments for hepatitis C, a variety of cancers (including breast cancer and leukaemia), and multidrug resistant tuberculosis, among others.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
3

Lucentis excluded from WHO list of essential medicines

The World Health Organization has rejected an application by Novartis to include ranibizumab (Lucentis) for neovascular eye diseases in the most recent update of its essential medicines list.1 The agency has, however, included “groundbreaking” new treatments for hepatitis C, a variety of cancers (including breast cancer and leukaemia), and multidrug resistant tuberculosis, among others.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 5 years ago
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Limitations of current tuberculosis screening tests in immunosuppressed patients

We agree that a combination of an interferon γ release assay (IGRA; QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-Tube (QFT-IT) or TSPOT.TB) and a tuberculin skin test is the most sensitive approach to screening for latent tuberculosis infection in patients with rheumatological diseases before starting biological drugs.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 5 years ago
Www.bmj
0
1

Limitations of current tuberculosis screening tests in immunosuppressed patients

We agree that a combination of an interferon γ release assay (IGRA; QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-Tube (QFT-IT) or TSPOT.TB) and a tuberculin skin test is the most sensitive approach to screening for latent tuberculosis infection in patients with rheumatological diseases before starting biological drugs.1  
feeds.bmj.com
over 5 years ago
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Anticonvulsants for cocaine dependence | Cochrane

Cocaine is an illicit drug available as a powder for intranasal or intravenous use or smoked as crack. Short- and long-term use of this drug results in the spread of infectious diseases (for example, AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis), crime, violence and prenatal drug exposure. Cocaine dependence is associated with medical and psychosocial complications and is a major public health problem. No proven pharmacological treatment for cocaine dependence is known. Antidepressant, anticonvulsant and dopaminergic medications have all been studied. The present review looked at the efficacy and safety of anticonvulsant drugs for treating cocaine dependence, both as a class and individually.  
cochrane.org
over 5 years ago
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Mummified bodies reveal how tuberculosis ravaged the heart of 18th century Europe

Bodies found in a 200 year-old Hungarian crypt have revealed the secrets of how tuberculosis (TB) took hold in 18th century Europe, according to a research team. "Microbiological analyses of samples from contemporary TB patients usually report a single strain of tuberculosis per patient. By contrast, five of the eight bodies in our study yielded more than one type of tuberculosis -- remarkably from one individual we obtained evidence of three distinct strains," one researcher said.  
sciencedaily.com
over 5 years ago