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Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows in the abdominal cavity. This tissue responds to hormonal changes in t...  
youtube.com
over 3 years ago
4554a1c65ac4be3d327d757761944db7abff5ad28059458921785515
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Histology of the Cervix - Spanish

Aspectos histológicos y anatómicos del cuello uterino  
Mariana Arango
over 3 years ago
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'I was born without a womb, cervix and vagina' - BBC News

Joanna Giannouli explains the challenges of a syndrome that affects around one in 5,000 women.  
bbc.co.uk
almost 4 years ago
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Yeast Infection Causes First US Uterus Transplant to Fail

Doctors have revealed that the United States' first attempt at a uterus transplant earlier this year failed due to a yeast infection.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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Transplanted Uterus Removed From Cleveland Clinic Patient

The patient, who underwent the nation's first uterus transplant on February 24, experienced a "sudden complication." The Cleveland Clinic said its uterus transplant trial will continue.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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After Nation's First, More US Uterus Transplants Planned

The nation's first recipient asked for privacy at a news conference about her procedure.  
medscape.com
almost 4 years ago
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Does tranexamic acid given before an operation reduce blood loss for women with advanced ovarian cancer? | Cochrane

The issue: Cytoreductive surgery (also called debulking) is a standard surgical procedure for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. During surgery, the aim is to remove not only the ovaries, but also the uterus, fallopian tubes, and as much of the visible tumour as possible. Blood loss during cytoreductive surgery has long been recognised as a contributor to prolonged recovery time.  
cochrane.org
almost 4 years ago
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Ewing's Sarcoma of the Cervix, a Diagnostic Dilemma

This case of Ewing's sarcoma of the cervix, initially misdiagnosed as small cell carcinoma, highlights the diagnostic challenges due to their overlapping clinical and histopathological features.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Misoprostol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Misoprostol, sold under the brandname Cytotec among others, is a medication used to start labor, cause an abortion, prevent and treat stomach ulcers, and treat postpartum bleeding due to poor contraction of the uterus.[1] For abortions it is often used with mifepristone or methotrexate.[2] By itself effectiveness for this purpose is between 66% and 90%.[3] It is taken either by mouth, under the tongue, or placed in the vagina.[2][4]  
en.wikipedia.org
about 4 years ago
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Prenatal treatments for babies with congenital diaphragmatic hernia | Cochrane

A congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a hole in the diaphragm, the muscle that helps with breathing and separates the chest and abdomen. This defect can allow the liver and bowel to move to the chest cavity and interfere with lung development, affecting lung and heart function in newborn babies. At birth, respiratory insufficiency and pulmonary hypertension contribute to poor outcomes. About one in every 3000 babies may be affected and the problem can be diagnosed during a routine mid-pregnancy ultrasound at around 20 weeks. For babies born with a CDH, surgery in early life is necessary, but even with new surgical techniques there can be a poor outlook and many long-term medical problems. Treatments are now possible in pregnancy. Interventions described to date include maternal antenatal corticosteroid administration and prenatal tracheal occlusion to improve lung growth and maturity by obstruction of the fetal trachea. This increases airway pressure by preventing secreted lung fluid from leaving the lungs resulting in growth and expansion of the lungs. There are potential side effects and complications for the mother with this procedure as the uterus and amniotic sac are entered in order to gain access to the unborn baby.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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Using biochemical tests to measure placental function and improve pregnancy outcomes | Cochrane

The placenta (afterbirth) develops in the uterus during pregnancy to provide oxygen and nutrients to the growing baby and to remove waste products from the baby's blood. The placenta attaches to the wall of the uterus and is linked to the baby via the umbilical cord. The placenta plays a critical role in determining the health of the baby and mother. The health of the placenta can be assessed by performing tests on mothers' blood or urine to measure chemicals made by the placenta. Having this information could improve the outcome of pregnancy as professionals could intervene to prevent outcomes such as stillbirth or babies being born too small.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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Uterus Transplant: First US Clinical Trial Begins

The first clinical trial of uterus transplantation in the United States has begun at Cleveland Clinic in Ohio.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Use of nitroglycerin to deliver a retained placenta | Cochrane

Failure to deliver the placenta after a vaginal birth is an uncommon event that can be associated with significant bleeding and even death if left untreated. The retained placenta may be detached from the uterine wall but is trapped so that it is not expelled through the cervix or non-detached as the placenta fails to separate because of placental inhibition of uterine contractions. Conventional management involves spinal or general anaesthesia to enable introducing a hand inside the uterus to manually remove the placenta, which carries risks of infection and from the anaesthetic, and also requires special facilities. The use of uterine relaxing drugs (tocolytics), either alone or with other drugs to stimulate contractions of the uterus (uterotonics), may bring on the delivery of the placenta and avoid the need for this invasive procedure. This review included three trials that randomly assigned 175 women with the placenta remaining undelivered more than 15 minutes after delivery to either a placebo or the tocolytic nitroglycerin. Both groups received oxytocin to stimulate contractions of the uterus. Combined administration of nitroglycerin and oxytocin did not reduce the need for manual removal of placenta, blood loss, nor the incidence of severe postpartum haemorrhage. Nitroglycerin administration did not cause headache but resulted in a mild drop in blood pressure and a related increase in heart rate. Two out of the three trials had low risk of bias but this result needs confirmation in larger trials with adequate sample sizes to verify the role of nitroglycerin and other tocolytic drugs in managing different subtypes of retained placenta. The trials in this review did not specify the type of retained placenta. We have included an explanation of some of the scientific terms that are used in this review in a glossary (see Appendix 1).  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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Diagnosis and management of menopause: summary of NICE guidance

Menopause is a clinical diagnosis in healthy women over 45 years who have not had a period for at least 12 months and are not using hormonal contraception, or who do not have a uterus and have menopausal symptoms  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
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Diagnosis and management of menopause: summary of NICE guidance

Menopause is a clinical diagnosis in healthy women over 45 years who have not had a period for at least 12 months and are not using hormonal contraception, or who do not have a uterus and have menopausal symptoms  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
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Diagnosis and management of menopause: summary of NICE guidance

Menopause is a clinical diagnosis in healthy women over 45 years who have not had a period for at least 12 months and are not using hormonal contraception, or who do not have a uterus and have menopausal symptoms  
feeds.bmj.com
about 4 years ago
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Elective Labor Induction With Unfavorable Cervix Appears Safe

Elective labor induction in first-time mothers with an unfavorable cervix led to a small but statistically insignificant increase in cesarean deliveries, but not everyone is comfortable with the practice.  
medscape.com
about 4 years ago
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Cervical ripening before first trimester surgical evacuation for non-viable pregnancy | Cochrane

Using medications or devices to soften and dilate the cervix can reduce the amount of manual dilation required before the uterus is surgically emptied of a non-viable pregnancy, or miscarriage. The purpose of this cervical ripening is to reduce the possibility of injury to the uterus and cervix and make the procedure easier to perform, although the ripening agents can have side effects.  
cochrane.org
about 4 years ago
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Drug treatments for pain relief in hysterosalpingography | Cochrane

Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a test used in investigating infertility in women. HSG involves a dye being introduced into the uterus and the connecting tubes, which enables them to be visualised using an x-ray, allowing the clinician to assess how open the connecting tubes are. This can be a painful procedure. There is disagreement regarding the best form of pain relief during the procedure.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago
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Measuring the height of the uterus from the symphysis pubis (SFH) in pregnancy for detecting problems with fetal growth | Cochrane

Monitoring the baby’s growth is important during pregnancy. If growth is poor then this should be identified as soon as possible, because delay might result in the baby’s death. The simplest way to determine growth is to examine the baby by palpating the mother's by abdomen and estimate the size of her womb compared with a landmark such as the navel (umbilicus). An alternative method is to use a tape measure to take a measurement, known as the symphysial fundal height (SFH) measurement, from the mother’s pubic bone (symphysis pubis) to the top of the womb. The measurement is then applied to the gestation by a simple rule of thumb and compared with normal growth.  
cochrane.org
over 4 years ago