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Vitamin D: increasing supplement use in at-risk groups | Guidance and guidelines | NICE

Vitamin D is essential for skeletal growth and bone health. Severe deficiency can result in rickets (among children) and osteomalacia (among children and adults). Dietary sources are limited. National surveys suggest that around a fifth of adults and 8 to 24% of children may have low vitamin D status.  
nice.org.uk
almost 5 years ago
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Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn health outcomes | Cochrane

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin found in liver, kidney, eggs, and dairy produce. Low dietary fat intake or intestinal infections may interfere with the absorption of vitamin A. Natural retinoids are required for a wide range of biological processes including vision, immune function, bone metabolism and blood production. In pregnancy, extra vitamin A may be required. Currently, the World Health Organization (WHO) and other international agencies recommend routine vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy or at any time during lactation in areas with endemic vitamin A deficiency (where night blindness occurs).  
cochrane.org
almost 5 years ago
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Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy | Cochrane

In low- and middle-income countries, many women have poor diets and are deficient in nutrients and micronutrients which are required for good health. Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that are needed by the body in very small quantities but are important for normal functioning, growth and development. During pregnancy, these women often become more deficient, with the need to provide nutrition for the baby too, and this can impact on their health and that of their babies. Combining multiple micronutrients has been suggested as a cost-effective way to achieve multiple benefits for women during pregnancy. Micronutrient deficiencies are known to interact and a greater effect may be achieved by multiple supplementation rather than single-nutrient supplementation, although interactions may also lead to poor absorption of some of the nutrients. High doses of some nutrients may also cause harm to the mother or her baby. This systematic review included 19 trials involving 138,538 women, but only 17 trials involving 137,791 women contributed data. The included trials compared pregnant women who supplemented their diets with multiple micronutrients with pregnant women who received a placebo or supplementation with iron, with or without folic acid. Overall, pregnant women who received multiple-micronutrient supplementation had fewer low birthweight babies, small-for-gestational-age babies, and stillbirths than pregnant women who received only iron, with or without folic acid. The evidence for the main outcomes was found to be of high quality. These findings, consistently observed in several other systematic reviews of evidence, provide a strong basis to guide the replacement of iron and folic acid with multiple-micronutrient supplements for pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries countries where multiple-micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent among women.  
cochrane.org
almost 5 years ago
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Healthy Aging 5 Years After Daily Antioxidant Supplements

Can long-term supplementation with antioxidant vitamins and minerals keep older people healthier?  
medscape.com
almost 5 years ago
Wound%20care
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Clinical Guidelines (Nursing) : Wound care

The skin is the largest organ of the body, making up 16% of body weight. It has several vital functions, which include; immune function, temperature regulation, sensation and vitamin production. Skin is a dynamic organ in a constant state of change; cells of the outer layers continuously shed and are replaced by inner cells moving to the surface. These guidelines have been developed by a range of clinicians who treat children with skin disorders, breakdowns and wounds; they reflect current research and evidence based expert opinion.  
rch.org.au
almost 5 years ago
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Low Adherence to All Oral Anticoagulants the Norm in Atrial Fib

That includes the new oral agents, suggest claims data, at odds with some expectations, as the new oral anticoagulants have been touted as more patient-friendly than vitamin-K antagonists.  
medscape.com
over 4 years ago
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Pregnant women in Scotland to be offered free vitamins

Every pregnant woman in Scotland is to be offered free vitamin supplements from next year as part of a drive to improve the health of mothers and babies. It will make Scotland the only part of the United Kingdom where such support is universally available.  
feeds.bmj.com
over 4 years ago