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How to Interpret a Chest X-Ray (Lesson 9 - Atelectasis, Lines, Tubes, Devices, and Surgeries)

A summary of how to identify atelectasis (including lobar collapse), identify various lines, tubes, and devices (including proper placement, and complication...  
YouTube
almost 5 years ago
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23

How to Interpret a Chest X-Ray (Lesson 8 - Focal Lung Processes)

A discussion of how to identify, localize, and describe pneumonia, as well as pulmonary nodules and lung cavities. Signs of a pulmonary embolism are reviewed...  
YouTube
almost 5 years ago
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16

How to Interpret a Chest X-Ray (Lesson 7 - Diffuse Lung Processes)

An explanation of alveolar vs. interstitial opacities, including cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and the 3 types of interstitial patterns (r...  
YouTube
almost 5 years ago
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35

Medical Student Apps: Chest X-ray Interpretation (for beginners)

This video tutorial has been made for use with Medical Student Apps: Chest Xrays, an application for the iPhone and iPad. Download the app here for free: htt...  
YouTube
almost 5 years ago
9a05869467d5a28eaaac6f5aa5fcf8de68f3de787885320686688417
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5626

Everything you need to know about abdominal x-rays in 5 minutes

Dr Dan Rogers, University Hospitals of Leicester  
YouTube
almost 5 years ago
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120

The Radiology Assistant : Chest X-Ray - Lung disease

Lung abnormalities with an increased density - also called opacities - are the most common. A practical approach is to divide these into four patterns:  
radiologyassistant.nl
almost 5 years ago
8
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Figure 1 Website

Medical instagram, plenty of emergency and other related topics reside! From interpreting ECGs & reading X-rays, there is plenty to contribute to!  
app.figure1.com
almost 5 years ago
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25

Fungal Infections – Virtual Grand Rounds | Case Studies

The case studies below begin with symptoms that brought a patient to medical attention. To work through the cases, select an answer to the question asked in bold type. This will lead you through exercises. Buttons to the left of the text will introduce such information as x-rays, slides and CT scans.  
figrandrounds.org
almost 5 years ago
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19

Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT): Lesson 5 - Summary and Practice Cases

A summary of the first 4 videos in this series on PFT interpretation, as well as 5 practice cases which integrate PFTs with a clinical vignette and chest X-ray.  
YouTube
over 4 years ago
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10

How to Interpret a Chest X-Ray (Lesson 10 - Self Assessment): Part 2

Part 2 of 2 of a facilitated self-assessment on the interpretation of chest x-rays. Sources for images may include Wikimedia Commons, radiologypics.com, and ...  
YouTube
over 4 years ago
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51

How to Interpret a Chest X-Ray (Lesson 10 - Self Assessment): Part 1

A self-assessment of how much material was learned and retained from this course on interpreting chest x-rays, and how well it can be incorporated into the v...  
YouTube
over 4 years ago
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8

DEXA Scan | Health | Patient

DEXA scans are used to check the 'density' of bones. This test uses X-rays to show how strong bones are. Note : the information below is a general guide...  
Patient.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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Radiology Masterclass - Abdomen X-ray tutorials - Abdomen X-ray system and anatomy - Bowel gas pattern

Learn about abdomen x-ray anatomy. Tutorial on sytematic assessment of the abdominal x-ray. Introduction.  
radiologymasterclass.co.uk
over 4 years ago
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Does a chest x-ray cause a lot of radiation?

We are supposed to make sure we avoid potential unnecessary x-rays as this exposes the patient to unnecessary radiation. I'm not actually sure how much radiation chest x-rays emit compared to other things. Does anyone know what the equivalent radiation to other x-rays or radiological investigations? Thanks.  
Semhar Abraha
almost 7 years ago
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Are scaphoid fractures more easily seen on x-ray after a few days?

So, I've been in A+E recently, and noticed that for some types of fractures (such as suspected scaphoid fractures) doctors often tell the patient to return for repeat x-rays, or to go the fracture clinic, after a few days. Why is a fracture more easily seen after a few days?  
Greg Thompson
almost 7 years ago
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60

How can you see a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm on abdominal x-ray?

I was was listening to a vascular surgeon, who mentioned that there was an indication of a partially ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm see on an abdominal x-ray. I have no idea how he saw this or what to look for. Can anyone give me some hints please?  
Rebecca Stafford
almost 7 years ago
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How to make difference between a phlebolith and an ureterolith on X-ray?

How do you differentiate between them when both are made of calcium?  
Deleted User
over 6 years ago
Foo20151013 2023 1i9rgu8?1444773940
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220

The elephant in the room: Is everything you see on an x-ray relevant?

Recent 'tongue in cheek' research which has been reported in a Washington Post blog recently has caused a lot of questions to be raised concerning inattention blindness, which could cause concern unless you understand the underlying psychology. Here's a CT scan: During psychology lectures at Med School, you may have encountered the basketball bouncing students in front of a bank of elevators where you were asked to count the number of passes the basketball made from the player wearing the white T shirt, while a gorilla ran between the students. (Even if you did watch it before, you can re-watch the video on the Washington Post blog). The recent study asked radiologists to identify and count how many nodules are present in the lungs on a regular CT thorax. If you look at the image you may see a gorilla waving his arms about. As a radiologist, I see the anatomy in the background, the chambers of the heart and mediastinum, but nothing there out of the ordinary. As radiologists, we are looking for pathology, but also report pathological findings that are unexpected. The clinical history of a patient is very important for us in interpretation of imaging examinations, as we need to answer the question you are asking, but have to be careful we do not miss anything else of serious import. As we do not see any other pathology, we would not expect to find a gorilla in the chest, so our brains can pass over distracting findings. The other psychological issue is the satisfaction of search, where we can see the expected pathology, but may miss the other cancer if we do not carefully and systematically look through the images. So the main thing to learn from this is that your training should always keep you alert, not just to expected happening, but to not discount the unexpected, then many lives will be saved as a result of your attention to detail.  
Chris Flowers
over 6 years ago
Foo20151013 2023 vvr5q9?1444774253
5
184

Clinics - Making the most of it

Commencing the first clinical year is a milestone. Things will now be different as your student career steers straight into the unchartered waters of clinical medicine. New challenges and responsibilities lie ahead and not just in an academic sense. After all this is the awaited moment, the start of the apprenticeship you have so desired and laboured for. It won’t be long before these clinical years like the preclinical years before them, will seem just as distant and insular, so why not make the most of it? The first days hold so much excitation and promise and for many they deliver, however, it would be wise not to be too optimistic. I am afraid your firm head standing abreast the doors in a prophetic splaying of arms is an unlikely sight. In this new clinical environment, it is natural to be a little flummoxed. The quizzical looks of doctors and nurses as you first walk in, a sure sign of your unexpected arrival, is a recurring theme. If the wards are going to be your new hunting ground, proper introductions with the medical team are in order. This might seem like a task of Herculean proportions, particularly in large teaching hospitals. Everyone is busy. Junior doctors scuttling around the ward desks job lists in hand, the registrar probably won’t have noticed you and as luck would have it your consultant firm head is away at a conference. Perseverance during these periods of frustration is a rewarding quality. Winning over the junior doctors with some keenness will help you no end. What I mean to say is that their role in our learning as students extends further than the security of sign-off signatures a week before the end of the rotation. They will give you opportunities. Take them! Although it never feels like it at the time, being a medical student does afford some privileges. The student badge clipped to your new clinic clothes is a license to learn: to embark on undying streaks of false answers, to fail as many skills and clerkings as is required and to do so unabashed. Unfortunately, the junior doctors are not there purely for your benefit, they cannot always spare the time to directly observe a history taking or an examination, instead you must report back. With practice this becomes more of a tick box exercise: gleaning as much information and then reconfiguring it into a structured presentation. However, the performance goes unseen and unheard. I do not need to iterate the inherent dangers of this practice. Possible solutions? Well receiving immediate feedback is more obtainable on GP visits or at outpatient clinics. They provide many opportunities to test your questioning style and bedside manner. Performing under scrutiny recreates OSCE conditions. Due to time pressure and no doubt the diagnostic cogs running overtime, it is fatefully easy to miss emotional cues or derail a conversation in a way which would be deemed insensitive. Often it occurs subconsciously so take full advantage of a GP or a fellow firm mate’s presence when taking a history. Self-directed learning will take on new meaning. The expanse of clinical knowledge has a vertiginous effect. No longer is there a structured timetable of lectures as a guide; for the most part you are alone. Teaching will become a valued commodity, so no matter how sincere the promises, do not rest until the calendars are out and a mutually agreed time is settled. I would not encourage ambuscaded attacks on staff but taking the initiative to arrange dedicated tutorial time with your superiors is best started early. Consigning oneself to the library and ploughing through books might appear the obvious remedy, it has proven effective for the last 2-3 years after all. But unfortunately it can not all be learnt with bookwork. Whether it is taking a psychiatric history, venipuncture or reading a chest X-ray, these are perishable skills and only repeated and refined practice will make them become second nature. Balancing studying with time on the wards is a challenge. Unsurprisingly, after a day spent on your feet, there is wavering incentive to merely open a book. Keeping it varied will prevent staleness taking hold. Attending a different clinic, brushing up on some pathology at a post-mortem or group study sessions adds flavour to the daily routine. During the heated weeks before OSCEs, group study becomes very attractive. While it does cement clinical skills, do not be fooled. Your colleagues tend not to share the same examination findings you would encounter on an oncology ward nor the measured responses of professional patient actors. So ward time is important but little exposure to all this clinical information will be gained by assuming a watchful presence. Attending every ward round, while a laudable achievement, will not secure the knowledge. Senior members of the team operate on another plane. It is a dazzling display of speed whenever a monster list of patients comes gushing out the printer. Before you have even registered each patient’s problem(s), the management plan has been dictated and written down. There is little else to do but feed off scraps of information drawn from the junior doctors on the journey to the next bed. Of course there will be lulls, when the pace falls off and there is ample time to digest a history. Although it is comforting to have the medical notes to check your findings once the round is over, it does diminish any element of mystery. The moment a patient enters the hospital is the best time to cross paths. At this point all the work is before the medical team, your initial guesses might be as good as anyone else’s. Visiting A&E of your own accord or as part of your medical team’s on call rota is well worth the effort. Being handed the initial A&E clerking and gingerly drawing back the curtain incur a chilling sense of responsibility. Embrace it, it will solidify not only clerking skills but also put into practice the explaining of investigations or results as well as treatment options. If you are feeling keen you could present to the consultant on post-take. Experiences like this become etched in your memory because of their proactive approach. You begin to remember conditions associated with patient cases you have seen before rather than their corresponding pages in the Oxford handbook. And there is something about the small thank you by the F1 or perhaps finding your name alongside theirs on the new patient list the following morning, which rekindles your enthusiasm. To be considered part of the medical team is the ideal position and a comforting thought. Good luck. This blog post is a reproduction of an article published in the Medical Student Newspaper, Freshers 2013 issue.  
James Wong
over 5 years ago
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Diagnosing IBS, celiac disease, Crohn's disease and other gastrointestinal illnesses with the help of 'nanojuice'

Located deep in the human gut, the small intestine is not easy to examine. X-rays, MRIs and ultrasound images provide snapshots but each suffers limitations. Help is on the way.  
medicalnewstoday.com
over 4 years ago