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The Basics 98% is intracellular Serum range 3.5 – 5 mmol/L K+ and H+ tend to vary together Most body secretion is in urine – from distal tubules Shifts K+ INSIDE cells: Insulin Aldosterone β-adrenergic stimulation
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Renal Physiology (cont.)
- Professor Saltzman continues his description of nephron anatomy, and the specific role of each part of the nephron in establishing concentration gradients to help in secretion and reabsorption of w...
Foramina of the Skull (Visual mnemonic)
- The skull has numerous holes (foramina) through which various cranial nerves, arteries, veins and other structures pass. To aid learning of these important foramina, I have created this visual mnem...
CHOLESTEROL & STEROID HORMONES by Professor Fink
- Professor Fink first describes the molecular structure of steroids, the sources of Cholesterol in our diet, and the mechanism of action of Lipitor (& other "...
Compensatory Responses: Acid Base Tutorial, University of Connecticut Health Center
- Acid Base disoders are associated with defense mechanisms referred to as compensatory responses that function to reduce the effects of the particular disorder on the pH. They do not restore the ...
- Nephritic, Nephrotic Sn, Active Urine, RPGN+Crescents, Prot+Hematuria
Which bacteria could cause urinary tract infections but would not show up on a normal urine culture?
- Some bacteria species (such as Mycoplasma) are difficult to culture using standard methods. Could these bacteria cause a urinary tract infection in the absence of a positive urine culture? If so, ...
What exactly means diuresis?
- I always thought diuresis means (normal) urine production or urine excretion, but practically every single online dictionary (Webster, dictionary.com, medterms.com...) says diuresis means increased...