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The GALS screening examination | Arthritis Research UK
The GALS screening examination is designed for routine clerking of a patient. It is available in both video and CD format elsewhere. A brief revision form is presented here.
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Orthopaedic examination videos
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Triangles of the Neck (Visual mnemonic)
- There are various triangles of the neck, largely divided by the sternocleidomastoid muscle to form anterior and posterior triangles. Some triangles are more 'important' that others, and this simpli...
Introduction to musculoskeletal examination
- Clinical examination of the musculoskeletal system has for a long time been regarded as difficult by medical students. It appears complex and until recently there has been no agreement on which ski...
Regional examination of the musculoskeletal system: introduction video
- Regional examination of the musculoskeletal system (REMS) refers to the more detailed examination that would be expected once an abnormality has been detected through either the history or screenin...
Examination of the elbow | Arthritis Research UK
- Begin with looking at the patient from the front for the normal carrying angle, and from the side for any flexion deformity. The posterior aspect of the elbow is inspected for obvious scars, swelli...
Examination of the shoulder | Arthritis Research UK
- With both shoulders fully exposed, look from the front, the side and behind the patient for obvious loss of symmetry, muscle wasting or scars.
Examination of the hip | Arthritis Research UK
- With the patient lying as flat as possible look from the end of the bed comparing for symmetry. In a fractured neck of femur, for example, one leg may be shortened and externally rotated.