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Sunjay Parmar

Sunjay Parmar

Sunjay Parmar Icon inverted

Sunjay Parmar

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Academic Foundation Doctor & Honorary Teaching Fellow
Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust
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Foramina of the Skull (Visual mnemonic)

The skull has numerous holes (foramina) through which various cranial nerves, arteries, veins and other structures pass. To aid learning of these important foramina, I have created this visual mnemonic.  
Sunjay Parmar
almost 7 years ago
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Triangles of the Neck (Visual mnemonic)

There are various triangles of the neck, largely divided by the sternocleidomastoid muscle to form anterior and posterior triangles. Some triangles are more 'important' that others, and this simplified visual mnemonic hopes to emphasises this.  
Sunjay Parmar
almost 7 years ago
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Anatomical relations of the Middle ear (Visual mnemonic)

The Middle ear has a plethora of structures within and surrounding it. To aid learning of these important structures, I have created this visual mnemonic. Note: The view is seen from the Right Lateral Wall (i.e. Tympanic membrane removed to see middle ear interior).  
Sunjay Parmar
almost 7 years ago
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Pharyngeal Apparatus (Visual mnemonic)

The Pharyngeal apparatus refers to the development and function of the clefts, arches and pouches which contribute to form the major components of the head and neck. Understanding the derivatives of the clefts, arches & pouches is initially time-consuming, however it lays a strong foundation to understand the clinical relevance thereafter. Hopefully this visual mnemonic will allow you to memorise all the derivatives of the pharyngeal apparatus with ease.  
Sunjay Parmar
over 6 years ago
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Fracture healing (Visual mnemonic)

Having an in-depth understanding of the various phases of fracture healing is useful knowledge. I've done my best to aggregate from various sources the step-by-step physiological mechanisms underpinning bone healing via this visual mnemonic.  
Sunjay Parmar
over 6 years ago
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Cerebral haematomas (Visual mnemonic)

Knowing the anatomy of the meninges and how cerebral haematomas occur is vital in an acute setting, and this visual mnemonic hopes to conceptually explain the pathophysiology behind these potentially fatal conditions.  
Sunjay Parmar
over 6 years ago
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Arachidonic acid pathway (Visual mnemonic)

The Arachidonic acid pathway constitutes one of the main mechanisms to cause inflammation, and knowledge of this pathway helps us to understand how various anti-inflammatory drugs work. In order to remember the Arachidonic acid pathway, I have created this visual mnemonic.  
Sunjay Parmar
almost 7 years ago
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Nervous system development (Visual mnemonic)

The process of neurulation drives development of the system we use to help understand and interact with the world around us. Sometimes this process might stray from its chosen path due to internal/external factors, leading to unusual pathologies. Understanding neurulation can help us work out how things go wrong.  
Sunjay Parmar
over 6 years ago