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14

Diet and exercise in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus | Cochrane

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is high blood glucose (hyperglycaemia) first occurring or first recognised during pregnancy. Between 1% and 14% of pregnant women develop GDM, with some at a higher risk than others (for example, women who are overweight or obese, older, of particular ethnicities, have had GDM previously, or have a family history of type II diabetes). GDM can cause significant health problems for mothers and babies. The babies may grow very large and, as a result, be injured at birth, or cause injury to mothers during birth. Women with GDM have an increased risk of having an induced birth, of their babies being born by caesarean section, and of having a preterm birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy). Additionally, there can be long-term health problems for mothers and babies, including an increased risk of type II diabetes. Some diets (for example, those with low fibre and high glycaemic load) and physical inactivity, are potentially modifiable risk factors for GDM. There is evidence that lifestyle interventions in the general population (promoting diet and exercise changes) can prevent type II diabetes, and it has been suggested that these interventions may help prevent GDM in pregnancy.  
cochrane.org
about 7 years ago
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6

Policy to improve England’s diet has failed, study finds

Evidence is scant that a voluntary agreement between the government and food manufacturers to improve eating habits has worked, a study has concluded.1  
feeds.bmj.com
about 7 years ago
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12

Powders of iron plus other micronutrients for home (point-of-use) fortification of foods consumed by pregnant women | Cochrane

Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies due to the requirements of the growing baby during the pregnancy. In low-income countries, many women have diets with low content of vitamins and minerals, and they participate in long hours of physical labour. They are also exposed to recurrent infections, which make nutritional deficiencies worse. Thus, lack of adequate nutrition can contribute to the poor health of these women their babies.  
cochrane.org
almost 7 years ago
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16

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective treatment for acute renal colic | Cochrane

Acute renal colic is the pain caused by the blockage of urine flow secondary to urinary stones. The prevalence of kidney stone is thought to be between 2% to 3%, and the incidence has been increasing in recent years due to changes in diet and lifestyle. The renal colic pain is usually a sudden intense pain located in the flank or abdominal areas. This usually happens when a urinary stone blocks the ureter (the tube connecting the kidneys to the bladder). Different types of pain killers are used to ease the discomfort. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and antispasmodics (treatment that suppresses muscle spasms) are used commonly to relieve pain and discomfort. This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of commonly used non-opioid pain killers in adult patients with acute renal colic pain. Fifty studies enrolling 5734 participants were included in this review. Treatments varied greatly and combining of studies was difficult. We found that overall NSAIDs were more effective than other non-opioid pain killers including antispasmodics for pain reduction and need for additional medication. We also found that the combining NSAIDs with antispasmodics did not increase the efficacy. No serious adverse effects were reported by any of the included studies.  
cochrane.org
almost 7 years ago
Www.bmj
0
12

Diet and exercise are effective in preventing type 2 diabetes, task force finds

Programs that promote dietary change and physical activity are effective in reducing the likelihood that people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes will do so, say new recommendations from the US Community Preventive Services Task Force.1  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 7 years ago
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5

Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplements for mothers who breastfeed | Cochrane

Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are abundant in the brain and are necessary for growth and maturation of a young infant’s brain and the retina of the eye. These particular fatty acids include docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and are said to be ‘essential’ because the human body is not efficient in producing them. This means that infants who are breastfeeding obtain the fatty acids from their mothers’ diet, mainly from fish oil and ocean fish. We reviewed the evidence about the effect of supplementation of LCPUFA on breastfeeding mothers on growth and neurodevelopment of their children.  
cochrane.org
almost 7 years ago
Www.bmj
0
9

Benefits of teaching mindfulness at school will be assessed

Schools already teach children about the importance of regular exercise and a balanced diet in reducing the risk of physical health ill health, but now UK researchers plan to investigate whether a similar strategy can be used for mental illness. Researchers funded by the Wellcome Trust will assess whether mindfulness training at school improves mental health in teenagers.  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 7 years ago
Www.bmj
0
11

Benefits of teaching mindfulness at school will be assessed

Schools already teach children about the importance of regular exercise and a balanced diet in reducing the risk of physical health ill health, but now UK researchers plan to investigate whether a similar strategy can be used for mental illness. Researchers funded by the Wellcome Trust will assess whether mindfulness training at school improves mental health in teenagers.  
feeds.bmj.com
almost 7 years ago