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Pneumothorax

Category

405e0d92f0a5a29a15e88ff769e4884a376ff1e038679259096352336
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3264

Detecting Pneumothorax with Bedside Ultrasound

An excellent step-by-step demonstration.  
youtube.com
almost 5 years ago
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12
260

Initial Assessment of a Trauma Patient - Multi-System Injury (Part 2).wmv

This video - produced by students at Oxford University Medical School in conjunction with the faculty - demonstrates how to perform the initial assessment of a patient with suspected traumatic injury.<br>This video is part 2 of a muti-system injury scenario (airway compromise, tension pneumothorax, bleeding and head injury).  
Hussam Rostom
about 8 years ago
Preview 300x246
9
515

CXR - left sided pneumothorax and surgical emphysema

In this Chest X-Ray we can identify a left sided pneumothorax - there is absence of lung markings in the periphery and we can also see a shadow which outlines the edge of the lung. A pneumothorax is caused when air enters the potential space between the viceral and parietal pleura and causes the lung to collapse down under the pressure of it's elsatic recoil. In this case it is likely that the pneumothorax has been caused by trauma as we can see air in the soft tissues on the left side (surgical emphysema - clinically feels like bubble wrap). A pneumothorax can be a life threatening condition. The patient presents in respiratory distress with decreased expansion on the affected side. There will be hyperresonance to percussion on that side but absent breath sounds. The emergency treatment is decompression with a large bore cannula in the 2nd intercostal space mid-clavicular line followed by insertion a chest drain in the 5th intercostal space mid-axilllary line  
Rhys Clement
almost 11 years ago
Preview
9
200

Initial Assessment of a Trauma Patient - Multi-System Injury (Part 1).wmv

This video - produced by students at Oxford University Medical School in conjunction with the faculty - demonstrates how to perform the initial assessment of a patient with suspected traumatic injury.<br>This video is part 1 of a muti-system injury scenario (airway compromise, tension pneumothorax, bleeding and head injury).  
Hussam Rostom
about 8 years ago
Preview
8
409

Tension pneumothorax explained in 1 min

We discuss the causes and presentations of pneumothorax in the Emergency Department.  
youtube.com
almost 5 years ago
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6
375

Pneumothorax Causes

We discuss the causes and presentations of pneumothorax in the Emergency Department.  
youtube.com
almost 5 years ago
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6
392

Pneumothorax: Practice Essentials, Background, Anatomy

Pneumothorax is defined as the presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity (ie, the potential space between the visceral and parietal pleura of the lung). The clinical results are dependent on the degree of collapse of the lung on the affected side.  
emedicine.medscape.com
almost 5 years ago
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4
262

Haemothorax

This image displays a large left sided haemothorax with mediastinal displacement to the opposite side. Clinically the patient would be in respiratory distress - percussion of the left side of the chest would be dull and breath sounds and vocal resonance would be reduced. A Haemothorax such as this falls into the category of life threatening chest injuries (ATOMFC) and requires emergent treatment using a chest drain in the 5th intercostal space, mid-axillary line and treatment according to ALS or ATLS protocols. ATOMFC = A = airway obstruction, T = tension pneumothorax, O = open pneumothorax, M = massive haemothorax, F = flail chest, C = cardiac tamponade.  
Rhys Clement
almost 11 years ago
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3
131

How to Interpret a Chest X-Ray (Lesson 6 - Diaphragm and Pleura)

A review of how to diagnose a pneumothorax, various forms of pleural effusion, other forms of pleural disease, and pneumoperitoneum. A differential diagnosis...  
YouTube
over 6 years ago
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3
132

Pleurisy - American Family Physician

Pleuritic chest pain is a common presenting symptom and has many causes, which range from life-threatening to benign, self-limited conditions. Pulmonary embolism is the most common potentially life-threatening cause, found in 5 to 20 percent of patients who present to the emergency department with pleuritic pain. Other clinically significant conditions that may cause pleuritic pain include pericarditis, pneumonia, myocardial infarction, and pneumothorax. Patients should be evaluated appropriately for these conditions before an alternative diagnosis is made. History, physical examination, and chest radiography are recommended for all patients with pleuritic chest pain. Electrocardiography is helpful, especially if there is clinical suspicion of myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, or pericarditis. When these other significant causes of pleuritic pain have been excluded, the diagnosis of pleurisy can be made. There are numerous causes of pleurisy, with viral pleurisy among the most common. Other etiologies may be evaluated through additional diagnostic testing in selected patients. Treatment of pleurisy typically consists of pain management with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as specific treatments targeted at the underlying cause.  
aafp.org
over 4 years ago
0
2
55

Focus On: Ultrasound Detection of Traumatic Anterior Pneumothorax

Early detection of a pneumothorax may be important in the clinical management of a trauma patient. Supine chest radiographs in the immobilized trauma patient have been shown to be insensitive.  
American College Of Emergency Medicine
about 10 years ago
7
2
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Focus On: Treatment Options for Pneumothorax

Define the various types of pneumothoraces. Describe the indications for needle aspiration and small-bore catheter placement in the management of pneumothoraces as outlined by the ACCP and BTS. Discuss the controversies surrounding needle aspiration and small-bore catheter placement for management of pneumothoraces. Identify the characteristics of those patients with pneumothoraces unlikely to be successfully treated with needle aspiration and small-bore catheter placement. Identify sub-sets of patients who have had their pneumothoraces successfully treated with needle aspiration and small-bore catheter placement.  
American College Of Emergency Medicine
about 10 years ago
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2
63

emergency protocol in pneumothorax

This is a teaching resource that aids the student in memorisation of tackling emergency pneumothrax  
Kamal Eldirawi
over 7 years ago
Www.bmj
2
37

Spontaneous pneumothorax

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is associated with smoking but defined as occurring in the absence of known lung disease  
bmj.com
over 6 years ago
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1
28

Pneumothorax

A pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural space. They can be: Primary – no underlying lung disease. Typically, tall thin young men might have a spontaneous pneumothorax Secondary – to underlying lung disease   They can be divided into: Standard pneumothorax  
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
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1
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Common Fractures and Dislocations in Children

Fracture of the clavicle: Can occur after a fall on an outstretched arm (more likely to cause a Colles’ fracture in the old). Collar and cuff sling for 3 weeks, internal fixation only if there is non-union. Beware neurovascular injury and pneumothorax.    
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 6 years ago
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1
95

Tension Pneumothorax - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

Educational video describing the condition of Tension Pneumothorax. Become a friend on facebook: http://www.facebook.com/drebraheim Follow me on twitter: htt...  
youtube.com
about 5 years ago
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1
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Left pneumothorax with collapse post pneumonia

Prepare for USMLE,UK,CANADIAN,AUSTRALIAN, NURSING & OTHER MEDICAL BOARD examinations around the globe with us.Understand the basics, concepts and how to answ...  
youtube.com
almost 5 years ago