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PulmonaryMedicine

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Haemothorax

This image displays a large left sided haemothorax with mediastinal displacement to the opposite side. Clinically the patient would be in respiratory distress - percussion of the left side of the chest would be dull and breath sounds and vocal resonance would be reduced. A Haemothorax such as this falls into the category of life threatening chest injuries (ATOMFC) and requires emergent treatment using a chest drain in the 5th intercostal space, mid-axillary line and treatment according to ALS or ATLS protocols. ATOMFC = A = airway obstruction, T = tension pneumothorax, O = open pneumothorax, M = massive haemothorax, F = flail chest, C = cardiac tamponade.  
Rhys Clement
over 12 years ago
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11
339

Lung cancer diagnosis

This slideshow gives a good summary of the diagnosis of lung cancer.  
Sarah Goodall
over 13 years ago
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13
367

Vagus nerve

An edited version of my Friday Evening Discouse given to the Royal Institution on 11 April 2008. Abstract: The vagus nerves (cranial nerve X) connects our brainstem to the body, facilitating monitoring and control of many automatic functions; the vagus electrically links our gut, lungs and heart to the base of the brain in an evolutionarily-ancient circuit, similar between mammals and also seen in birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The vagus comprises a major part of the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system, contributing to the motor control of important physiological functions such as heart rate and gut motility. The vagus is also sensory, relaying protective visceral information leading to reflexes like cough and indication of lung volume. The vagus has been described as a neural component of the immune reflex. By monitoring changes in the level of control exerted by the vagus, apparent as beat by beat changes of heart rate, it is possible to indirectly view the effect of pharmaceuticals and disease on brainstem function and neural processes underlying consciousness. The paired vagus nerves of humans have different functions, and stimulation of the left vagus has been shown to be a therapeutic treatment for epilepsy, and may modulate the perception of pain.  
Chris Pomfrett
over 13 years ago
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260

Interstitial and restrictive lung diseases

A synopsis of common interstitial lung diseases  
James Harper
over 13 years ago
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380

Cystic fibrosis

This podcast tutorial on cystic fibrosis gives an overview of the disease including presentation and diagnosis.  
Mr Raymond Buick
almost 14 years ago
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Croup and epiglottitis

Tutorial on croup (laryngo tracheo bronchitis) and epiglottitis.  
Mr Raymond Buick
almost 14 years ago
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Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis in paediatrics  
Mr Raymond Buick
almost 14 years ago